Carex bebbii - Olney ex Fern.
Bebb's Sedge
Other Common Names: Bebb's sedge
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Carex bebbii Olney ex Fern. (TSN 39520)
French Common Names: carex de Bebb
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.131511
Element Code: PMCYP031M0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Sedge Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Carex bebbii
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 16May2016
Global Status Last Changed: 06Jun1984
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Rank is based on more than 40 known element occurrences and a species distribution which extends across boreal North America.
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (01Mar2012)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alaska (S1), Colorado (SNR), Connecticut (SNR), Idaho (SNR), Illinois (S3?), Indiana (S2), Iowa (S4), Maine (SNR), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (SNR), Montana (S4), Nebraska (S1S3), Nevada (SNR), New Hampshire (S3), New Jersey (S2), New York (S5), North Dakota (SNR), Ohio (S3), Oregon (S4), Pennsylvania (S1), South Dakota (SNR), Utah (S1), Vermont (SNR), Virginia (S1), Washington (SNR), West Virginia (S1), Wisconsin (SNR), Wyoming (S2)
Canada Alberta (S4), British Columbia (S5), Labrador (SNR), Manitoba (S5), New Brunswick (S4?), Newfoundland Island (SNR), Northwest Territories (SNR), Nova Scotia (S1S2), Ontario (S5), Prince Edward Island (S3?), Quebec (S5), Saskatchewan (S5?), Yukon Territory (S1S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Boreal North America from Newfoundland to southeast and central Alaska.

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Number of Occurrences Comments: Estimate is based on species range which extends across boreal North America. Also more than forty element occurrences in Canada (B80POR01AKUS).

Population Size Comments: Two collections cited in Lipkin (U86LIP01AKUS) call C. BEBBII common or plentiful; two others call the species "occassional."

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Boreal North America from Newfoundland to southeast and central Alaska.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AK, CO, CT, IA, ID, IL, IN, MA, ME, MI, MN, MT, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NV, NY, OH, OR, PA, SD, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY
Canada AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AK Fairbanks North Star (02090), Juneau (02110)
IN Elkhart (18039)*, Fulton (18049), Kosciusko (18085), Lagrange (18087)*, Lake (18089), Noble (18113)*, St. Joseph (18141)*, Steuben (18151)
NE Boone (31011), Brown (31017), Cherry (31031), Platte (31141), Sheridan (31161), Sherman (31163), Valley (31175)
NH Cheshire (33005), Coos (33007), Grafton (33009), Strafford (33017)*, Sullivan (33019)
NJ Essex (34013)*, Morris (34027)*, Passaic (34031)*, Sussex (34037), Union (34039)*, Warren (34041)*
OH Cuyahoga (39035), Erie (39043), Fulton (39051), Holmes (39075), Logan (39091), Lucas (39095), Ottawa (39123), Portage (39133), Richland (39139), Seneca (39147), Stark (39151), Summit (39153), Williams (39171)
OR Union (41061)*, Wallowa (41063)*
PA Centre (42027), Crawford (42039), Erie (42049), Huntingdon (42061)*, Monroe (42089), Pike (42103)*, Tioga (42117), Warren (42123)
VA Madison (51113)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Upper Androscoggin (01040001)+*, Piscataqua-Salmon Falls (01060003)+*, Upper Connecticut (01080101)+
02 Rondout (02020007)+*, Hackensack-Passaic (02030103)+*, Sandy Hook-Staten Island (02030104)+*, Raritan (02030105)+*, Middle Delaware-Mongaup-Brodhead (02040104)+, Middle Delaware-Musconetcong (02040105)+, Bald Eagle (02050204)+, Pine (02050205)+, Upper Juniata (02050302)+*, Rapidan-Upper Rappahannock (02080103)+
04 Little Calumet-Galien (04040001)+, St. Joseph (04050001)+, St. Joseph (04100003)+, Blanchard (04100008)+, Lower Maumee (04100009)+, Cedar-Portage (04100010)+, Sandusky (04100011)+, Cuyahoga (04110002)+, Chautauqua-Conneaut (04120101)+
05 Upper Allegheny (05010001)+, French (05010004)+, Shenango (05030102)+, Tuscarawas (05040001)+, Mohican (05040002)+, Upper Great Miami (05080001)+, Eel (05120104)+*, Tippecanoe (05120106)+
07 Chicago (07120003)+
10 Upper Niobrara (10150003)+, Middle Niobrara (10150004)+, Lower Middle Loup (10210003)+, Lower North Loup (10210007)+, Calamus (10210008)+, Loup (10210009)+
17 Upper Grande Ronde (17060104)+*, Wallowa (17060105)+*
19 Mainland (19010201)+, Lynn Canal (19010301)+, Taku River (19010304)+, Chena River (19040506)+, Tanana River (19040507)+, Tolovana River (19040509)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: An upright, cespitose sedge with slender, sharply triangular stems; well developed cauline leaves; and an inflorescence of 3-12 closely aggregated spikes.
Technical Description: Rootstock: short, black, fibrillose. Culms: 2-8 dm, slender exceeding the leaves, sharply triangular. Leaves: lower bladeless, 3-4 well developed leaves per fertile culm, flat, erect, persistent. Inflorescence: 3-12 closely aggregated spikes, oblong or oblong-linear, 1.5-2.5 cm long and 8-12 mm thick. Spikes: gynandrous, subglobose to broadly ovoid, 4-9 mm long and 3-6 mm wide. Flowers: monosporangiate; the staminate basal and inconspicuous. Bracts: the lower; inconspicuous, setaceous, shorter than the spike; the upper; scale like. Scales: oblong-lanceolate, brown with a 1-3 nerved lighter center. Perigynia: numerous, ascending, with ascending beaks, plano-convex, ovate, 3-3.5 mm long, 1.5-2.0 mm wide, distended over the achene, membranaceous, winged, serrulate below the middle, finely many nerved dorsally. Achene: lenticular, oval, about 1.0 mm long and 0.6 mm wide, apiculate, short stipitate. Style: Straight, slender, jointed with the achene, deciduous. Stigmas: 2, slender, short.
Diagnostic Characteristics: Spikes densely aggregated; pistillate scales distinctly shorter than the perigynia; perigynia ovate, winged to the base, gradually tapering to the erect or ascending beak, conspicuously distended over the achene, brown at maturity, less than 4 mm long and 2 mm wide, two fifths to half as wide as long.
Duration: PERENNIAL
Reproduction Comments: Hybridizes with C. scoparia. n=34.
Habitat Comments: Sandy flats and depressions, shore lines, meadows, prairies, bogs, fens, cow pastures, and along streams and rivers.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 29Nov1990
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Williams, C.L.
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 31Jan1992
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): ISAAC, J.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Bailey, L. H. 1889. Studies of the Types of Various Species of the Genus Carex Notes on Carex XI. Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club.

  • Bailey, L.H. 1885. Notes on Carex XI. Studies of the Types of Various Species of the Genus Carex. Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club. 1:1-85.

  • Bright, J. 1925-1930. The Genus Carex in Pennsylvania. Trillia 9:1-33.

  • Bright, J. 1925-1930. The Genus Carex in Pennsylvania, Trillia 9:1-33. A25BRI01PAUS

  • Britton, N. L. and A. B. Brown. 1913. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada, and the British Possessions. 2nd Edition in 3 Volumes. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. B13BRI01PAUS.

  • Britton, N. L. and A. Brown. 1913. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada. 3 vol. Dover Publications, Inc., N. Y. 2052 pp.

  • Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. Corrected printing (1970). D. Van Nostrand Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Fernald, M.L. 1950 Gray's Manual of Botany, 8th ed. American Book Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Gleason, H.A. 1952. New Britton & Brown. Illustrated Flora. Lancaster Press Inc. Lancaster, Pa. B52GLE01PAUS

  • Gleason, H.A. 1952. The new Britton and Brown illustrated flora of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 3 volumes. Hafner Press, New York. 1732 pp.

  • Gleason, H.A., and A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. D. Van Nostrand Company, New York, NY. 810 pp.

  • Gleason, H.A., and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 910 pp.

  • Hermann, F. J. 1941. The genus Carex in Michigan. American Midland Naturalist 25(1):1-72.

  • Hermann, F.J. 1941. The Genus Carex in Michigan in American Midland Naturalist 25 (1): 1-72. A41HER01PAUS.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Mackenzie, K.K. 1931. Flora of North America. New York Botanical Gardens, New York, New York.

  • Mackenzie, K.K. 1931. Flora of North America. New York Botanical Gardens, New York, New York. A31MAC01PAUS.

  • McCance, R.M. and Burns, J.F. eds 1984. Ohio Endangered and Threatened Vascular Plants: Abstracts of State-Listed Taxa, Division of Natural Areas and Preserves. Department of Natural Resources, Columbus, Ohio 635p. B84MCC01PAUS.

  • McCance, R.M., Jr., and J.F. Burns, eds. 1984. Ohio endangered and threatened vascular plants: Abstracts of state-listed taxa. Division Natural Areas and Preserves, Ohio Dept. Natural Resources, Columbus. 635 pp.

  • Voss, E.G. 1972. Michigan Flora Part I. Kingsport Press, Bloomfield Hills, Mich. B72VOS01PAUS

  • Voss, E.G. 1972. Michigan flora: A guide to the identification and occurrence of the native and naturalized seed-plants of the state. Part I. Gymnosperms and monocots. Cranbrook Institute of Science and Univ. Michigan Herbarium. Ann Arbor. 488 pp.

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