Campostoma oligolepis - Hubbs and Greene, 1935
Largescale Stoneroller
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Campostoma oligolepis Hubbs and Greene, 1935 (TSN 163509)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.102552
Element Code: AFCJB03020
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Minnows and Carps
Image 125

© Noel Burkhead

 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Campostoma
Genus Size: B - Very small genus (2-5 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B91ROB01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Campostoma oligolepis
Taxonomic Comments: Regarded as a valid species by most workers since the 1970s (see Lee et al. 1980). Certain populations were included under the name C. anomalum by Lee et al. (1980); Campostoma nomenclature used by Lee et al. (1980) is out of date due to taxonomic reallocations and description of a new species; see instead Burr and Cashner (1983) and Page and Burr (1991). Hybridizes with C. paicuradii in the Chestatee River (Apalachicola drainage), Georgia, and possibly in Tennessee River tributaries in northern Georgia (or perhaps the latter apparent hybrids actually represent a cryptic form of Campostoma ); hybridization occurs in an area disturbed by reservoir construction (Burr and Cashner 1983). See Buth and Burr (1978) for information on isozyme variability in the genus Campostoma .
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 24Oct2011
Global Status Last Changed: 13Sep1996
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Relatively widespread distribution in eastern U.S.; common in some areas, but status is undetermined in many other areas.
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (05Dec1996)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S5), Arkansas (S4), Georgia (S4), Illinois (S2S3), Indiana (S3), Iowa (S3), Kentucky (S4S5), Minnesota (SNR), Mississippi (S4), Missouri (SNR), North Dakota (SNR), Oklahoma (S4), Virginia (SNR), Wisconsin (S5)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent: 200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)
Range Extent Comments: Range includes the upper Mississippi River and Lake Michigan drainages of Wisconsin, eastern Minnesota, eastern Iowa, and northern Illinois; Ozarkian streams of central and southern Missouri, northern Arkansas, and extreme northeastern Oklahoma; Mobile Bay drainage, Georgia, Alabama, and eastern Mississippi; parts of the Green, Cumberland, and Tennessee river drainages from Kentucky to Alabama and east to Virginia and North Carolina; introduced in Escambia River, Alabama; extirpated from central Illinois (Page and Burr 2011).

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Number of Occurrences Comments: This species is represented by a large number of occurrences (subpopulations). Lee et al. (1980) mapped about 250 collection sites in the upper Mississippi River basin.

Population Size: 10,000 to >1,000,000 individuals
Population Size Comments: Total adult population size is unknown but presumably exceeds 10,000.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Threats include siltation, reduced river flow due to domestic and industrial water use, and flood control projects.

Short-term Trend: Decline of <30% to relatively stable
Short-term Trend Comments: Trends over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable to slowly decreasing.

Long-term Trend: Decline of 10-50%
Long-term Trend Comments: Populations have been decimated in agricultural areas of Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Illinois; still common in Missouri and Arkansas.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Inventory Needs: Population abundance and distribution.

Protection Needs: Protect habitat type from alteration.

Distribution
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Global Range: (200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)) Range includes the upper Mississippi River and Lake Michigan drainages of Wisconsin, eastern Minnesota, eastern Iowa, and northern Illinois; Ozarkian streams of central and southern Missouri, northern Arkansas, and extreme northeastern Oklahoma; Mobile Bay drainage, Georgia, Alabama, and eastern Mississippi; parts of the Green, Cumberland, and Tennessee river drainages from Kentucky to Alabama and east to Virginia and North Carolina; introduced in Escambia River, Alabama; extirpated from central Illinois (Page and Burr 2011).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: endemic to a single nation

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MN, MO, MS, ND, OK, VA, WI

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
IA Cerro Gordo (19033)*, Delaware (19055)*, Floyd (19067), Linn (19113)*, Mitchell (19131), Worth (19195)*
OK Adair (40001), Cherokee (40021), Delaware (40041), Mayes (40097), Ottawa (40115)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Lower Conecuh (03140304), Conasauga (03150101), Coosawattee (03150102), Oostanaula (03150103), Etowah (03150104), Upper Coosa (03150105), Middle Coosa (03150106), Lower Coosa (03150107), Upper Tallapoosa (03150108), Middle Tallapoosa (03150109), Lower Tallapoosa (03150110), Upper Alabama (03150201), Cahaba (03150202), Middle Alabama (03150203), Lower Alabama (03150204), Upper Tombigbee (03160101), Town (03160102), Buttahatchee (03160103), Tibbee (03160104), Luxapallila (03160105), Middle Tombigbee-Lubbub (03160106), Sipsey (03160107), Noxubee (03160108), Mulberry (03160109), Sipsey Fork (03160110), Locust (03160111), Upper Black Warrior (03160112), Lower Black Warrior (03160113), Middle Tombigbee-Chickasaw (03160201), Sucarnoochee (03160202), Lower Tambigbee (03160203)
04 Bad-Montreal (04010302), Manitowoc-Sheboygan (04030101), Door-Kewaunee (04030102)*, Upper Fox (04030201)*, Wolf (04030202), Pike-Root (04040002)*, Milwaukee (04040003)
05 Upper Green (05110001), Barren (05110002), Middle Green (05110003), Rough (05110004), Lower Green (05110005), Pond (05110006), Rockcastle (05130102), Upper Cumberland-Lake Cumberland (05130103), South Fork Cumberland (05130104), Obey (05130105), Lower Cumberland (05130205), Red (05130206), Rolling Fork (05140103)
06 Middle Tennessee-Chickamauga (06020001), Hiwassee (06020002), Ocoee (06020003), Guntersville Lake (06030001), Wheeler Lake (06030002), Lower Elk (06030004), Pickwick Lake (06030005), Bear (06030006), Kentucky Lake (06040005), Lower Tennessee (06040006)
07 Upper St. Croix (07030001), Namekagon (07030002), Lower St. Croix (07030005), Zumbro (07040004), Trempealeau (07040005)*, Black (07040007), Root (07040008), Upper Chippewa (07050001), Flambeau (07050002), Jump (07050004), Lower Chippewa (07050005), Eau Claire (07050006), Red Cedar (07050007), Grant-Little Maquoketa (07060003), Turkey (07060004), Apple-Plum (07060005), Upper Wisconsin (07070001), Lake Dubay (07070002), Castle Rock (07070003), Baraboo (07070004), Lower Wisconsin (07070005), Upper Wapsipinicon (07080102)+, Upper Cedar (07080201)+, Shell Rock (07080202)+, Winnebago (07080203)+, Middle Cedar (07080205), Upper Rock (07090001), Crawfish (07090002), Pecatonica (07090003), Lower Rock (07090005), Kishwaukee (07090006), Cuivre (07110008), Kankakee (07120001), Chicago (07120003), Upper Illinois (07120005), Upper Fox (07120006), Lower Fox (07120007), Lower Illinois-Senachwine Lake (07130001), Salt (07130009), Cahokia-Joachim (07140101), Meramec (07140102), Bourbeuse (07140103), Big (07140104), Upper Mississippi-Cape Girardeau (07140105), Whitewater (07140107)
08 Upper St. Francis (08020202), Little River Ditches (08020204)
10 Harry S. Missouri (10290105), Sac (10290106), Pomme De Terre (10290107), Lake of the Ozarks (10290109), Niangua (10290110), Lower Osage (10290111), Upper Gasconade (10290201), Big Piney (10290202), Lower Gasconade (10290203), Lower Missouri-Moreau (10300102), Lower Missouri (10300200)
11 Beaver Reservoir (11010001), James (11010002), Bull Shoals Lake (11010003), Middle White (11010004), Buffalo (11010005), North Fork White (11010006), Upper Black (11010007), Current (11010008), Lower Black (11010009), Spring (11010010), Eleven Point (11010011), Strawberry (11010012), Little Red (11010014), Lake O' the Cherokees (11070206)+, Spring (11070207)+, Elk (11070208)+, Lower Neosho (11070209)+, Illinois (11110103)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed (based on multiple information sources) Help
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: Largescale stoneroller, Cyprinidae.
Reproduction Comments: Spawns in June in central and northern Wisconsin. Probably similar to C. ANOMALUM in breeding biology.
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): CREEK, High gradient, MEDIUM RIVER, Moderate gradient, Riffle
Special Habitat Factors: Benthic
Habitat Comments: Habitat includes rocky riffles and runs of creeks and small to medium rivers with cool clear water, moderate to swift current, and gravel bottoms; this fish often is in deep fast riffles (Lee et al. 1980, Page and Burr 2011). It has low tolerance of siltation.
Adult Food Habits: Herbivore
Immature Food Habits: Herbivore
Food Comments: Scapes detritus, diatoms, inorganic material, and green and blue-green algae (Fowler and Taber 1985) from surface of submerged objects; grazes over gravel and rock substrate.
Adult Phenology: Diurnal
Immature Phenology: Diurnal
Length: 17 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Medium Cyprinids

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Separation Barriers: Dam lacking a suitable fishway; high waterfall; upland habitat.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 15 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 15 km
Separation Justification: Data on dispersal and other movements generally are not available. In some species, individuals may migrate variable distances between spawning areas and nonspawning habitats.

Separation distances (in aquatic kilometers) for cyprinids are arbitrary but reflect the presumption that movements and appropriate separation distances generally should increase with fish size. Hence small, medium, and large cyprinids, respectively, have increasingly large separation distances. Separation distance reflects the likely low probability that two occupied locations separated by less than many kilometers of aquatic habitat would represent truly independent populations over the long term.

Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.

Occupied locations that are separated by a gap of 15 km or more of any aquatic habitat that is not known to be occupied represent different occurrences. However, it is important to evaluate seasonal changes in habitat to ensure that an occupied habitat occurrence for a particular population does not artificially separate spawning areas and nonspawning areas as different occurrences simply because there have been no collections/observations in an intervening area that may exceed the separation distance.

Date: 21Sep2004
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 24Oct2011
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Jennings, R., and G. Hammerson
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 24Oct2011
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. Univ. Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1052 pp.

  • Boschung, H. T., and R. L. Mayden. 2004. Fishes of Alabama. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 736 pages.

  • Burr, B. M., and P. W. Smith. 1976. Status of the largescalestoneroller, Campostoma oligolepis. Copeia 1976(3):521-531.

  • Burr, B. M., and R. C. Cashner. 1983. Campostoma pauciradii, a new cyprinid fish from southeastern United States, with a review of related forms. Copeia 1983:101-116.

  • Buth, D. G., and B. M. Burr. 1978. Isozyme variability in the cyprinid genus CAMPOSTOMA. Copeia 1978:298-311.

  • Fowler, J. F., and C. A. Taber. 1985. Food habits and feeding periodicity in two sympatric stonerollers (Cyprinidae). American Midland Naturalist 113:217-224.

  • Mettee, M.F., P. E. O'Neil, and J.M. Pierson. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Inc., Birmingham, Alabama. 820 pages.

  • Mirarchi, R.E., editor. 2004. Alabama Wildlife. Volume 1. A checklist of vertebrates and selected invertebrates: aquatic mollusks, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 209 pages.

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Sixth edition. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 29. 386 pages.

  • Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Second edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston. xix + 663 pp.

  • Page, LM, H.Espinoza-Perez, L.Findley, C.Gilbert, R. Lea, N. Mandrak, R.Mayden and J.Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, 7th edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • ROSS, STEPHEN T. 1996. INLAND FISHES OF MISSISSIPPI. SELECTED SPECIES ACCOUNTS. COAUTHORED WITH W.M. BRENNEMAM, W.T. SLACK, M.T. O'CONNELL, AND T.L. PETERSON. ILLUSTRATED BY D.G. ROSS. DRAFT COPY.

  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.

  • Simon, Thomas P. 2011. Fishes of Indiana. Indiana University Press. Bloomington, 345 pp.

References for Watershed Distribution Map
  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1,052 pp.

  • Boschung, H. T., and R. L. Mayden. 2004. Fishes of Alabama. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 960 pp.

  • Burr, B. M., and M. L. Warren, Jr. 1986a. Distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Scientific and Technical Series No. 4, Frankfort, Kentucky. 398 pp.

  • Fago, D. 2000. Relative abundance and distribution of fishes in Wisconsin. Fish Distribution Database to year 2000. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

  • Harlan, J. R., E. B. Speaker, and J. Mayhew. 1987. Iowa fish and fishing. Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, Iowa. 323 pp.

  • Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.

  • Mettee, M. F., P. E. O'Neil, and J. M. Pierson. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Birmingham, Alabama. 820 pp.

  • Pflieger, W. L. 1975. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation. Columbia, Missouri. viii + 343 pp.

  • Robison, H. W. and T. M. Buchanan. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, Arkansas. 536 pp.

  • Ross, S. T., and W. M. Brenneman. 1991. Distribution of freshwater fishes in Mississippi. Freshwater Fisheries Report No. 108. D-J Project Completion Report F-69. Mississippi Department of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries and Parks. Jackson, Mississippi. 548 pp.

  • Smith, P. W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 314 pp.

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