Campostoma anomalum - (Rafinesque, 1820)
Central Stoneroller
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Campostoma anomalum (Rafinesque, 1820) (TSN 163508)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.844144
Element Code: AFCJB03010
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Minnows and Carps
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Campostoma
Genus Size: B - Very small genus (2-5 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Cashner, R. C., W. J. Matthews, E. Marsh-Matthews, P. J. Unmack, and F. M. Cashner. 2010. Recognition and redescription of a distinctive stoneroller from the Southern Interior Highlands. Copeia 2010:300-311.
Concept Reference Code: A10CAS01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Campostoma anomalum
Taxonomic Comments: Campostoma spadiceum (highland stoneroller), formerly included in this species, was recognized as a distinct species by Cashner et al. (2010).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 24Oct2011
Global Status Last Changed: 15Sep2010
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Large range in central and eastern North America; large number of occurrences; large population size; no major threats.
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (15Sep2010)
Nation: Canada
National Status: N4 (22Dec2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Arkansas (S5), Colorado (S5), Connecticut (SNA), Georgia (S5), Illinois (S5), Indiana (S5), Iowa (S5), Kansas (S5), Kentucky (S4S5), Louisiana (S2), Maryland (S5), Michigan (S4), Minnesota (SNR), Mississippi (S4), Missouri (SNR), Nebraska (S5), New Mexico (SNA), New York (S5), North Carolina (S5), North Dakota (S3), Ohio (S5), Oklahoma (S5), Pennsylvania (S5), South Carolina (SNR), South Dakota (S5), Tennessee (S5), Texas (S5), Virginia (S5), West Virginia (S5), Wisconsin (S5), Wyoming (S4)
Canada Ontario (S4)

Other Statuses

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC): Not at Risk (01Apr1998)
Comments on COSEWIC: Reason for Designation: This species has become widespread in Ontario and is expanding its range.

Status History: Designated Special Concern in 1985. Status re-examined and designated Not at Risk in 1998. More recently (2015), considered a low priority candidate for re-assessment.

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent: >2,500,000 square km (greater than 1,000,000 square miles)
Range Extent Comments: Range encompasses much of the eastern and central United States and adjacent southeastern Canada, in the Atlantic, Great Lakes, Mississippi River, and Hudson Bay (Red River) basins from New York and southern Ontario west to North Dakota and Wyoming, and south to Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas (but absent from most of the lower Ohio River basin); Gulf Slope drainages from Galveston Bay, Texas, to Rio Grande, Mexico; Rio San Juan basin, Mexico (Page and Burr 2011).

Number of Occurrences: > 300
Number of Occurrences Comments: This species is represented by a large number of occurrences (subpopulations).

Population Size: 10,000 to >1,000,000 individuals
Population Size Comments: Total adult population size is unknown but presumably exceeds 10,000. This fish is common to abundant throughout much of its range; generally absent on the Piedmont and Coastal Plain; uncommon in the Great Plains (Page and Burr 2011).

Overall Threat Impact Comments: No major threats are known.

Short-term Trend: Relatively Stable (<=10% change)
Short-term Trend Comments: Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is unknown but probably relatively stable. Recently this species expanded in range and abundance in Ontario, Canada, through bait-bucket introductions and natural dispersal (Holm and Crossman 2001).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: (>2,500,000 square km (greater than 1,000,000 square miles)) Range encompasses much of the eastern and central United States and adjacent southeastern Canada, in the Atlantic, Great Lakes, Mississippi River, and Hudson Bay (Red River) basins from New York and southern Ontario west to North Dakota and Wyoming, and south to Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas (but absent from most of the lower Ohio River basin); Gulf Slope drainages from Galveston Bay, Texas, to Rio Grande, Mexico; Rio San Juan basin, Mexico (Page and Burr 2011).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AR, CO, CTexotic, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NMexotic, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV, WY
Canada ON

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
LA Catahoula (22025), West Feliciana (22125)
ND Grand Forks (38035), Walsh (38099)*
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
08 Lower Ouachita (08040207)+, Bayou Sara-Thompson (08070201)+
09 Turtle (09020307)+*, Forest (09020308)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Reproduction Comments: Spawns mid-April to early June in New York, May in Ontario. Eggs hatch in 2-4 days. Sexually mature in 2nd or 3rd year in Michigan and probably Ontario, usually 3rd or 4th year in North Carolina. Nesting communal with some territoriality (males cooperate in building groups of nests, Sublette et al. 1990).
Ecology Comments: May occur in schools of thousands. Largest populations are in areas with few or no predators (e.g., bass) (Sublette et al. 1990). Can strongly affect the distribution and standing crop of attached algae in streams (see Matthews and Heins 1987).
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): CREEK, Low gradient, MEDIUM RIVER, Moderate gradient, Pool, Riffle
Special Habitat Factors: Benthic
Habitat Comments: This minnow is characteristic of headwater creeks and small to medium rivers with cool clear water, moderate or sometimes rapid current, and gravel or rubble bottoms; it commonly occurs in pools with current, riffles of small rocky streams; also in medium to large rivers, and sometimes in slow-moving, turbid water (Lee et al. 1980, Sublette et al. 1990, Page and Burr 2011). Individuals may congregate under stones or debris in winter. It is rare in lakes. Spawning occurs in nests made by males in riffles or gravel-bottomed pools, typically in shallow portions of streams near deep pools(Sublette et al. 1990). Eggs are covered with sand and fine gravel. This fish will use the nests of other cyprinids.
Adult Food Habits: Herbivore
Immature Food Habits: Herbivore
Food Comments: Eats detritus, diatoms, inorganic material, and green and blue-green algae obtained from surfaces of rocks of stream bottoms (Fowler and Taber 1985). Selective; avoids some species of algae (Sublette et al. 1990).
Adult Phenology: Diurnal
Immature Phenology: Diurnal
Length: 23 centimeters
Economic Attributes
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Economic Comments: Used as food fish and bait fish.
Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Medium Cyprinids

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Separation Barriers: Dam lacking a suitable fishway; high waterfall; upland habitat.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 15 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 15 km
Separation Justification: Data on dispersal and other movements generally are not available. In some species, individuals may migrate variable distances between spawning areas and nonspawning habitats.

Separation distances (in aquatic kilometers) for cyprinids are arbitrary but reflect the presumption that movements and appropriate separation distances generally should increase with fish size. Hence small, medium, and large cyprinids, respectively, have increasingly large separation distances. Separation distance reflects the likely low probability that two occupied locations separated by less than many kilometers of aquatic habitat would represent truly independent populations over the long term.

Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.

Occupied locations that are separated by a gap of 15 km or more of any aquatic habitat that is not known to be occupied represent different occurrences. However, it is important to evaluate seasonal changes in habitat to ensure that an occupied habitat occurrence for a particular population does not artificially separate spawning areas and nonspawning areas as different occurrences simply because there have been no collections/observations in an intervening area that may exceed the separation distance.

Date: 21Sep2004
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 27Dec2011
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Hammerson, G.
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 24Oct2011
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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