Arnoglossum muehlenbergii - (Schultz-Bip.) H.E. Robins.
Great Indian-plantain
Other Common Names: great Indian plantain
Synonym(s): Arnoglossum reniforme (Hook.) H.E. Robins. ;Cacalia muehlenbergii (Schultz-Bip.) Fern.
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Arnoglossum reniforme (Hook.) H. Rob. (TSN 36588)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.149416
Element Code: PDASTD7040
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Aster Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Asterales Asteraceae Arnoglossum
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Arnoglossum muehlenbergii
Taxonomic Comments: The genus name "Cacalia" was used for a group of plants now generally recognized as belonging to eight genera, and has been variously used for differing portions of that group. In 1998, the Committee for Spermatophyta published (Taxon 47: 444) its decision to reject this name nomenclaturally, in order to avoid confusion. Thus, all plants formerly called Cacalia must now be classified into other genera. LEM 3Jun98.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 21Apr1994
Global Status Last Changed: 08Mar1994
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N4

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SNR), Arkansas (S2), Delaware (SU), District of Columbia (SX), Georgia (S3), Illinois (S4), Indiana (SNR), Iowa (S4), Kentucky (S4?), Maryland (SH), Minnesota (S2), Mississippi (S1), Missouri (SNR), New Jersey (SX.1), North Carolina (S3), Ohio (SNR), Oklahoma (S1), Pennsylvania (S1), South Carolina (S1), Tennessee (SNR), Virginia (S2), West Virginia (S3), Wisconsin (S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Blue Ridge and ridge valleys of GA, AL, NC, TN, and VA, n to NJ and PA and w to MN and MO and ne to MS (Cronquist, 1988).

Population Size Comments: May be locally common; infrequent in N. Carolina (Radford et al., 1968); fairly common to abundant on N & E facing slopes in MO.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Threatened by habitat degradation and destruction due to timber harvesting.

Short-term Trend: Decline of 10-30%
Short-term Trend Comments: The species has been made rarer in recent years due to continuing habitat destruction (Read, 1976).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Blue Ridge and ridge valleys of GA, AL, NC, TN, and VA, n to NJ and PA and w to MN and MO and ne to MS (Cronquist, 1988).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, DCextirpated, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MN, MO, MS, NC, NJextirpated, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, VA, WI, WV

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
IA Clayton (19043)*, Delaware (19055)*, Dubuque (19061)*, Winneshiek (19191)*
MD Baltimore County (24005)*, Montgomery (24031)*
MN Anoka (27003)*, Carver (27019)*, Dakota (27037)*, Dodge (27039)*, Fillmore (27045), Goodhue (27049)*, Hennepin (27053)*, Houston (27055), Mower (27099), Olmsted (27109), Ramsey (27123)*, Rice (27131)*, Scott (27139)*, Sherburne (27141)*, Wabasha (27157)*, Winona (27169), Wright (27171)*
MS Chickasaw (28017), Lee (28081), Lowndes (28087), Monroe (28095), Oktibbeha (28105), Tishomingo (28141)
NJ Burlington (34005)*, Camden (34007)*
OK Adair (40001)*, Cherokee (40021)*, Delaware (40041), Ottawa (40115)*
PA Allegheny (42003)*, Beaver (42007)*, Fayette (42051), Greene (42059), Mifflin (42087)*, Northampton (42095)*, Perry (42099)*, Washington (42125)*, York (42133)*
SC Pickens (45077)
VA Alleghany (51005), Amherst (51009), Augusta (51015)*, Bath (51017), Dickenson (51051)*, Grayson (51077), Nelson (51125)*, Rockbridge (51163)*, Russell (51167)*, Shenandoah (51171), Smyth (51173), Washington (51191)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Lehigh (02040106)+*, Lower Delaware (02040202)+*, Lower Juniata (02050304)+*, Lower Susquehanna-Swatara (02050305)+*, Lower Susquehanna (02050306)+*, Gunpowder-Patapsco (02060003)+*, South Fork Shenandoah (02070005)+*, North Fork Shenandoah (02070006)+, Middle Potomac-Catoctin (02070008)+*, Upper James (02080201)+, Maury (02080202)+*, Middle James-Buffalo (02080203)+
03 Seneca (03060101)+, Upper Tombigbee (03160101)+, Town (03160102)+, Tibbee (03160104)+
05 Lower Allegheny (05010009)+*, Lower Monongahela (05020005)+*, Youghiogheny (05020006)+, Upper Ohio (05030101)+*, Connoquenessing (05030105)+*, Upper Ohio-Wheeling (05030106)+, Upper New (05050001)+
06 South Fork Holston (06010102)+, Upper Clinch (06010205)+*, Bear (06030006)+
07 Crow (07010204)+*, South Fork Crow (07010205)+*, Twin Cities (07010206)+*, Lower Minnesota (07020012)+*, Rush-Vermillion (07040001)+*, Cannon (07040002)+*, Buffalo-Whitewater (07040003)+, Zumbro (07040004)+*, Root (07040008)+, Coon-Yellow (07060001)+*, Upper Iowa (07060002)+, Turkey (07060004)+*, Upper Cedar (07080201)+
11 Lake O' the Cherokees (11070206)+*, Spring (11070207)+*, Lower Neosho (11070209)+, Illinois (11110103)+*
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Habitat Comments: Open woods and woodland borders (Fisher, 1988); moist, rich soil of beech slopes (IN) (Deam, 1940); sometimes found in disturbed habitats such as old pastures.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 20Jul1992
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: S. Gottlieb

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Anderson, L. C. 2006. Arnoglossum. Pages 622-625 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, editors. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Volume 20. Oxford University Press, New York, New York.

  • Deam, C. C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Division of Forestry, Dept. of Conservation, Indianapolis, Indiana. 1236 pp.

  • Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's Manual of Botany, 8th ed., Corr. Printing, 1970. Van Nostrand, New York. LXIV+1632 pp.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2006b. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 20. Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 7: Asteraceae, part 2. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxii + 666 pp.

  • GOODWIN, P.S. N.D. GENERA: CLEMMYS AND PSEUDEMYS. MARYLAND HERPETOFAUNA, NO. 3. MHS, BALTIMORE. 1 P.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1996. Species distribution data at state and province level for vascular plant taxa of the United States, Canada, and Greenland (accepted records), from unpublished data files at the North Carolina Botanical Garden, December, 1996.

  • Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2005. Field guide to the native plant communities of Minnesota: the eastern broadleaf forest province. Ecological Land Classification Program, Minnesota County Biological Survey, and Natural Heritage and Nongame Research Program. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul, Minnesota. 394 pp.

  • Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2006. Tomorrow's habitat for the wild and rare: An action plan for Minnesota wildlife, comprehensive wildlife conservation strategy. Division of Ecological Services, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 297 pp. + appendices.

  • NatureServe. 2009. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia.

  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles, and C. R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. 1183 pp.

  • Robertson, C. 1928. Flowers and insects: lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty-three flowers. n.p. Carlinville, Illinois. 236 pp.

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