Cisthene packardii - (Grote, 1863)
Packard's Lichen Moth
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.107792
Element Code: IILEY1N140
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Invertebrates - Insects - Butterflies and Moths - Tiger Moths
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Mandibulata Insecta Lepidoptera Erebidae Cisthene
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Hodges, R.W. et al., eds. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. E.W. Classey Limited and The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, London. 284 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B83HOD01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Cisthene packardii
Taxonomic Comments: Following Lafontaine and Schmidt (2010), the traditional Arctiidae have been transferred to the family Erebidae as a subfamily (Arctiinae), with former subfamilies such as Lithosiinae now treated as tribes. The circumscription of Arctiinae remains virtually identical to recent circumscriptions of Arctiidae, but circumscriptions of some taxa within the Arctiinae have changed.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 16Dec2002
Global Status Last Changed: 31May2002
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Arkansas (SNR), Indiana (SNR), Maryland (S5), Massachusetts (SU), New York (SU), Pennsylvania (S1S3), Virginia (SNR)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.

Map unavailable!:
Distribution data for U.S. states and Canadian provinces is known to be incomplete or has not been reviewed for this taxon.
Endemism: endemic to a single nation

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AR, IN, MA, MD, NY, PA, VA

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
NY Suffolk (36103)
PA Chester (42029), Fulton (42057), Lancaster (42071)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Southern Long Island (02030202)+, Lower Susquehanna (02050306)+, Chester-Sassafras (02060002)+, Cacapon-Town (02070003)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Crambidia, Cisthene, most other Lithosiinae

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: A location where the species occurs, or has occurred, where there is potential fro persistence or regular recurrence. Minimally a place where at least one specimen has been collected and verified by an expert in seemingly appropriate habitat. Habitats are actually very poorly understood but seem to be xeric to mesic forest or woodland in most cases. Exact habitat probaly would be best defined by the lichens upon which larvae feed if these are ever actually known.
Mapping Guidance: It will sometimes be possible to map boundaries based on plant communities, e.g. occurrences for CRAMBIDIA sp.1 probably coincide with more open portions of pitch pine lowlands. Occurrences for CRAMBIDIA sp. 3 seem likely to coincide with xeric to ultraxeric oak or oak-pine woodlands in at least some cases.
Separation Barriers: No information.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 2 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 5 km
Alternate Separation Procedure: If the occurrence seems to be linked to a specific type of woodland, consider all collections within this woodland as one occurrence regardless of distance.
Separation Justification: These are small, weak flying moths so two kilometers should be more than enough to justify separate EOs across obviously unsuitable habitats. However in practice it will often be difficult to determine whether wooded habitats are suitable or not and so usually in relatively uniform forested regions one should apply the suitable habitat distance.
Inferred Minimum Extent of Habitat Use (when actual extent is unknown): .5 km
Inferred Minimum Extent Justification: Given that it will seldom be possible to really define the local habitat and probably never possible to know the larval foodplant, and that some occurrences seem to be small it seems best to use a very conservative IE with this group. In most cases additional sampling will reveal a much larger occurrence but this cannot be assumed.
Date: 31Aug2001
Author: Schweitzer, Dale F.
Notes: As far as known these Specs can be used for any North American species, but reasonable judgments must be made as to likely suitable habitats. For the lichen feeders obviously areas with no lichens are not suitable. If these Specs do not seem applicable consider customizing Specs for the species involved.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Covell, Charles V. 1984. A field guide to the moths of eastern North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.

  • Forbes, William T. M. 1960. Lepidoptera of New York and neighboring states part IV. Cornell University Experiment Station Memoir 371.

  • Hodges, R.W. et al., eds. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. E.W. Classey Limited and The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, London. 284 pp.

  • Lafontaine, J.D. and B. C. Schmidt. 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. ZooKeys 40:1-239.

  • Lafontaine, J.D. and M. Fibiger. 2006. Revised higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomologist 138:610-635.

  • NatureServe. 2010. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://www.natureserve.org/explorer. (Data last updated August 2010)

  • North American Moth Photographers Group at the Mississippi Entomological Museum. No date. Mississippi State University, Mississippi. http://mothphotographersgroup.msstate.edu/MainMenu.shtml

  • Opler, Paul A., Kelly Lotts, and Thomas Naberhaus, coordinators. 2010. Butterflies and Moths of North America. Bozeman, MT: Big Sky Institute. (accessed May 2010).

  • Schmidt, B.C. and P.A. Opler. 2008. Revised checklist of the tiger moths of the Continental United States and Canada. Zootaxa 1677:1-23.

  • Schweitzer, D. 1997. Memorandum of 11 February to Jim Thorne and Barb Barton regarding MD status for serpentine barren moths. 2 pp.

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