Byrsonima lucida - (P. Mill.) DC.
Long Key Locust-berry
Other English Common Names: Long Key Locustberry
Other Common Names: Long Key locustberry
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Byrsonima lucida (P. Mill.) DC. (TSN 29264)
Spanish Common Names: Aceituna, Maricao, Palo de Doncella, Paralejo del Monte, Sangre de Doncella
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.135864
Element Code: PDMLP05040
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Other flowering plants
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Polygalales Malpighiaceae Byrsonima
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Byrsonima lucida
Taxonomic Comments: Kartesz (1984) gives Byrsonima cuneata (Turcz.) P. Wilson as a synonym. Both Nicolson (1988) and Acevedo-Rodríguez (1996) note that the xerophytic B. lucida seems to hybridize with the mesophytic B. spicata, with examples found on St. John and Dominica. This species has a large number of common names, over the various parts of its range.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 08Sep2002
Global Status Last Changed: 08Sep2002
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Range is Florida, Bahamas, Greater Antilles except Jamaica, and Lesser Antilles from Anguilla and Barbuda to Barbados). This species is noted as 'scattered and locally common' in Puerto Rico (Little et al. 1974), a 'common shrub' on St. John in the U.S. Virgin Islands (Acevedo-Rodríguez 1996), found 'en toda la isla' [on the whole island] across Hipaniola (Liogier 1986), 'common' in Dominica (Nicolson 1991), and 'common' across the Lesser Antilles (Howard 1988.)
Nation: United States
National Status: N3

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Florida (S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Southern Florida, including the Florida Keys; Bahamas; the Greater Antilles, including Puerto Rico (southeastern and southwestern main island, and islands of Mona, Culebra, Icacos, and Vieques), Cuba, Dominican Republic and Haiti, but excluding Jamaica; the U.S. Virgin Islands (St. John, St. Croix, St. Thomas); the British Virgin Islands (Anegada); and the Lesser Antilles from Anguilla and Barbuda to Barbados, especially Anguilla, St. Martin, Barbuda, Antigua, Guadeloupe, La Desirade, Marie Galante, Dominica, and Barbados.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Southern Florida, including the Florida Keys; Bahamas; the Greater Antilles, including Puerto Rico (southeastern and southwestern main island, and islands of Mona, Culebra, Icacos, and Vieques), Cuba, Dominican Republic and Haiti, but excluding Jamaica; the U.S. Virgin Islands (St. John, St. Croix, St. Thomas); the British Virgin Islands (Anegada); and the Lesser Antilles from Anguilla and Barbuda to Barbados, especially Anguilla, St. Martin, Barbuda, Antigua, Guadeloupe, La Desirade, Marie Galante, Dominica, and Barbados.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FL

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
FL Miami-Dade (12086), Monroe (12087)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Everglades (03090202)+, Florida Bay-Florida Keys (03090203)+, Florida Southeast Coast (03090206)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: Evergreen shrub or small tree, usually many-branched from base, up to 8 m tall.
Habitat Comments: Generally xerophytic and coastal at low altitudes; found in dry to moist forests or coastal thickets on St. John; thickets, woodlands, and hillsides in dry coastal forest and lower south Cordillera, at sea level to 65 m altitude, on Puerto Rico; woods and swamp scrublands at low altitudes across Hispaniola; and generally, across the Antilles, in xerophytic associations near coasts, especially coppices on thin soil over limestone, but also in sandy areas back of the beach.
Economic Attributes
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Economically Important Genus: Y
Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 10Dec1997
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Struthers, J. (TNC-LASP)

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • AN INVENTORY OF THE PLANT SPECIES OCCURRING IN LARRY AND PENNY THOMPSON MEMORIAL PARK IN DADE COUNTY, FLORIDA. LIST COMPILED, EDITED, AND UPDATED BY CAROL LIPPINCOTT OF FAIRCHILD TROPICAL GARDEN.

  • AN INVENTORY OF THE PLANT SPECIES OCCURRING IN NAVY WELLS PARK IN DADE COUNTY, FLORIDA. LIST COMPILED, EDITED, AND UPDATED BY CAROL LIPPINCOTT OF FAIRCHILD TROPICAL GARDEN.

  • AN INVENTORY OF THE PLANT SPECIES OCCURRING ON CAMP OWAISSA BAUER IN DADE COUNTY, FLORIDA. LIST COMPILED, EDITED, AND UPDATED BY CAROL LIPPINCOTT OF FAIRCHILD TROPICAL GARDEN.

  • AN INVENTORY OF THE PLANT SPECIES OCCURRING ON DEERING ESTATE IN DADE COUNTY, FLORIDA. LIST COMPILED, EDITED, AND UPDATED BY CAROL LIPPINCOTT OF FAIRCHILD TROPICAL GARDEN.

  • AN INVENTORY OF THE PLANT SPECIES OCCURRING ON FUCHS HAMMOCK IN DADE COUNTY, FLORIDA. LIST COMPILED, EDITED, AND UPDATED BY CAROL LIPPINCOTT OF FAIRCHILD TROPICAL GARDEN.

  • Acevedo-Rodriguez, P., and collaborators. 1996. Flora of St. John. Memoirs of The New York Botanical Garden Vol. 78. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. 581 pp.

  • Bradley, Keith, and George Gann. 1996. Rare Plants of the United States Naval Observatory Richmond Pineland Complex.

  • CORRELL, D.S. & H.B. CORRELL. 1982. FLORA OF THE BAHAMA ARCHIPELAGO (INCLUDING THE TURKS & CAICOS ISLANDS). J. CRAMER, GERMANY. 1692 + 50 PAGES

  • Coile, N. C. 1996. Notes on Florida's Endangered and Threatened Plant. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, Gainesville, FL.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2016. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 12. Magnoliophyta: Vitaceae to Garryaceae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxiv + 603 pp.

  • Florida Natural Areas Inventory. 1993. Ecological Survey of Homestead Air Force Base, Florida. 36 p. + appendices (311 p.).[prepared by Charles E. Hilsenbeck]

  • Florida Natural Areas Inventory. 1994. Ecological Survey of U.S. Navy Property in the Lower Florida Keys, Monroe County, Florida. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, Florida. 98 p. + appendices.

  • GLANCY, TERRY A. AND BARBARA C. 1992. PRELIMINARY CHECKLIST OF VASCULAR PLANTS OF PINE RIDGE SANCTUARY, DADE CO., FL.

  • Howard, Richard A. 1988. Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Leeward and Windward Islands. Volume 4. Dicotyledoneae, Part 1. Ihsan Al-Shehbaz - Capparaceae & Cruciferae, William R. Anderson-Malpighiaceae. Timothy Plowman - Erythroxylaceae Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University. Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts. 673pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • LONG, R.W. & O. LAKELA. 1976. A FLORA OF TROPICAL FLORIDA. SLIGHTLY REVISED EDITION PUBLISHED IN 1976, BANYAN BOOKS; ORIGINAL PUBLISHED BY UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI PRESS, MIAMI, FL.

  • Liogier, A. H. 1986. La Flora de la Española. IV. Volumen LXIV. Serie Científica 24. San Pedro de Macorís, República Dominicana. 377 págs.

  • Liogier, H.A., and L.F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: A systematic synopsis. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras. 342 pp.

  • Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. U.S. Forest Service, Washington, D.C. 375 pp.

  • Little, E.L., Jr., R.O. Woodbury, and F.H. Wadsworth. 1974. Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Vol. 2. Agric. Handbook No. 449. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1024 pp.

  • Nelson, G. 1996. The Shrubs and Woody Vines of Florida: A Reference and Field Guide. Pineapple Press Inc, Sarasota.

  • Nelson, Gil. 1994. The Trees of Florida. A Reference and Field Guide. Pineapple Press, Inc. Sarasota, Florida xviii + 338 pp.

  • Nicolson, Dan H. 1991. Flora of Dominica, Part 2: Dicotyledoneae. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, No. 77. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, D.C. 274pp.

  • TOMLINSON, P.B. 1980, 1986. THE BIOLOGY OF TREES NATIVE TO TROPICAL FLORIDA. HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRINTING OFFICE, ALLSTON, MA. 480 PP. + V.

  • WUNDERLIN, R.P., B.F. HANSEN, E.L. BRIDGES. 1996. ATLAS OF FLORIDA VASCULAR PLANTS: COMPACT DISK (CD-ROM) FOR USE ON WINDOWS 95, WINDOWS 3.1, AND MACINTOSH. INSTITUTE FOR SYSTEMATIC BOTANY, DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA, TAMPA, FLORIDA 33612-5150. 813-974-2359.

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