Branta hutchinsii - (Richardson, 1832)
Cackling Goose
Synonym(s): Branta canadensis hutchinsii
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Branta hutchinsii (Richardson, 1832) (TSN 714068)
French Common Names: bernache de Hutchins
Spanish Common Names: Un Ganso
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.103510
Element Code: ABNJB05050
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Birds - Waterfowl
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Aves Anseriformes Anatidae Branta
Genus Size: B - Very small genus (2-5 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1957. The A.O.U. Check-list of North American Birds, 5th ed. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore, MD. 691 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B57AOU01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Branta canadensis hutchinsii
Taxonomic Comments: Formerly treated as part of B. canadensis but separated on the basis of several genetic studies. The distribution of this small-bodied form includes that of the subspecies B. c. hutchinsii, asiatica, leucopareia, taverneri, and minima as recognized by Delacour (1956).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 06Apr2016
Global Status Last Changed: 23Nov2004
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NU (23Nov2004)
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5B,N5N,N5M (29Jan2018)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alaska (S5B), Arizona (S1N), California (SNR), Colorado (SNR), Delaware (SNR), Idaho (SNRN), Illinois (SNA), Indiana (S4M), Kansas (SNA), Minnesota (SNRM), Missouri (SNRN), Montana (SNA), Nevada (SNRN), New Mexico (SNR), Oregon (SNR), Texas (SNRN), Utah (SNR), Vermont (SNA), Washington (SNRB,SNRN), West Virginia (S1N)
Canada Alberta (SNA), British Columbia (S4S5M), Manitoba (S2B), Northwest Territories (S4B), Nunavut (S5B,S5M), Ontario (S4N), Quebec (S4M), Saskatchewan (S5B), Yukon Territory (SUB,S3M)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Breeds locally on the Aleutian Islands, Semidi Islands (off Alaska Peninsula), formerly Bering Island and Kuriles; western and northern Alaska east to northern Yukon and Mackenzie Delta, south to Bristol Bay, the Alaska Peninsula, and central Yukon; and near the Arctic coast of Northwest Territories and Nunavut from Queen Maud Gulf east to Melville Peninsula, Southampton Island, and western Baffin Bay.

Winters from British Columbia south to California, east to northern Mexico and western Louisiana. Formerly wintered in Japan. Casual or accidental in Hawaii and east to the Florida panhandle, and the Atlantic coast of the United States from Mainie to South Carolina.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Breeds locally on the Aleutian Islands, Semidi Islands (off Alaska Peninsula), formerly Bering Island and Kuriles; western and northern Alaska east to northern Yukon and Mackenzie Delta, south to Bristol Bay, the Alaska Peninsula, and central Yukon; and near the Arctic coast of Northwest Territories and Nunavut from Queen Maud Gulf east to Melville Peninsula, Southampton Island, and western Baffin Bay.

Winters from British Columbia south to California, east to northern Mexico and western Louisiana. Formerly wintered in Japan. Casual or accidental in Hawaii and east to the Florida panhandle, and the Atlantic coast of the United States from Mainie to South Carolina.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The maps for birds represent the breeding status by state and province. In some jurisdictions, the subnational statuses for common species have not been assessed and the status is shown as not-assessed (SNR). In some jurisdictions, the subnational status refers to the status as a non-breeder; these errors will be corrected in future versions of these maps. A species is not shown in a jurisdiction if it is not known to breed in the jurisdiction or if it occurs only accidentally or casually in the jurisdiction. Thus, the species may occur in a jurisdiction as a seasonal non-breeding resident or as a migratory transient but this will not be indicated on these maps. See other maps on this web site that depict the Western Hemisphere ranges of these species at all seasons of the year.
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AK, AZ, CA, CO, DE, ID, IL, IN, KS, MN, MO, MT, NM, NV, OR, TX, UT, VT, WA, WV
Canada AB, BC, MB, NT, NU, ON, QC, SK, YT

Range Map
Note: Range depicted for New World only. The scale of the maps may cause narrow coastal ranges or ranges on small islands not to appear. Not all vagrant or small disjunct occurrences are depicted. For migratory birds, some individuals occur outside of the passage migrant range depicted. For information on how to obtain shapefiles of species ranges see our Species Mapping pages at www.natureserve.org/conservation-tools/data-maps-tools.

Range Map Compilers: NatureServe, 2005


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AK Aleutians West (CA) (02016), Kodiak Island (02150)
CA Colusa (06011), Contra Costa (06013), Del Norte (06015), Merced (06047), Stanislaus (06099), Sutter (06101)
ID Ada (16001), Benewah (16009), Bingham (16011), Blaine (16013), Bonner (16017), Bonneville (16019), Boundary (16021), Canyon (16027), Elmore (16039), Fremont (16043), Gooding (16047), Kootenai (16055), Latah (16057), Nez Perce (16069), Owyhee (16073), Twin Falls (16083), Valley (16085), Washington (16087)
OR Benton (41003), Coos (41011), Curry (41015), Lane (41039), Linn (41043), Marion (41047), Polk (41053), Tillamook (41057), Washington (41067), Yamhill (41071)
WA Pacific (53049)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
17 Lower Kootenai (17010104)+, Pend Oreille Lake (17010214)+, Coeur D'alene Lake (17010303)+, St. Joe (17010304)+, Upper Spokane (17010305)+, Hangman (17010306)+, Idaho Falls (17040201)+, Upper Henrys (17040202)+, Lower Henrys (17040203)+, American Falls (17040206)+, Upper Snake-Rock (17040212)+, Little Wood (17040221)+, C. J. Idaho (17050101)+, Bruneau (17050102)+, Middle Snake-Succor (17050103)+, Upper Owyhee (17050104)+, Lower Boise (17050114)+, Middle Snake-Payette (17050115)+, Payette (17050122)+, North Fork Payette (17050123)+, Weiser (17050124)+, Lower Snake-Asotin (17060103)+, Lower Snake-Tucannon (17060107)+, Palouse (17060108)+, Clearwater (17060306)+, Upper Willamette (17090003)+, Middle Willamette (17090007)+, Yamhill (17090008)+, Tualatin (17090010)+, Willapa Bay (17100106)+, Wilson-Trusk-Nestuccu (17100203)+, Coos (17100304)+, Sixes (17100306)+, Chetco (17100312)+
18 Smith (18010101)+, Sacramento-Stone Corral (18020104)+, Butte Creek (18020158)+, Honcut Headwaters-Lower Feather (18020159)+, Middle San Joaquin-Lower (18040001)+, Middle San Joaquin-Lower (18040002)+, Upper Tuolumne (18040009)+, Upper Stanislaus (18040010)+, San Pablo Bay (18050002)+
19 Shelikof Straight (19020702)+, Western Aleutian (19030103)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Estuarine Habitat(s): Bay/sound, Herbaceous wetland, Lagoon, River mouth/tidal river, Tidal flat/shore
Riverine Habitat(s): BIG RIVER, CREEK, Low gradient, MEDIUM RIVER
Lacustrine Habitat(s): Shallow water
Palustrine Habitat(s): HERBACEOUS WETLAND, Riparian
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Cropland/hedgerow, Grassland/herbaceous, Tundra
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 24Nov2004
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 11Nov2010

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1957. The A.O.U. Check-list of North American Birds, 5th ed. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore, MD. 691 pp.

  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 2004. Forty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds. The Auk 121(3):985-995.

  • Delacour, J. 1954. The waterfowl of the world. Vol. 1. Country Life, Ltd., London. 284.

  • Delacour, J. and D. Amadon. 1973. Curassows and related birds. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., New York, NY. 247 pp.

  • Howell, S. N. G., and S. Webb. 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

  • Mowbray, T. B., C. R. Ely, J. S. Sedinger, and R. E. Trost. 2002. Canada Goose (Branta canadensis). In The Birds of North America, No. 682 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA, USA.

  • Sibley, D. A. 2000a. The Sibley guide to birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

  • Wildlife Management Information System (WMIS). 2006+. Geo-referenced wildlife datasets (1900 to present) from all projects conducted by Environment and Natural Resources, Government of the Northwest Territories, Canada.  Available at http://www.enr.gov.nt.ca/programs/wildlife-research/wildlife-management-information-services

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Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2019.
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Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
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Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
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Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
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