Bouteloua curtipendula - (Michx.) Torr.
Sideoats Grama
Other Common Names: sideoats grama
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. (TSN 41500)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.128943
Element Code: PMPOA10060
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Grass Family
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Cyperales Poaceae Bouteloua
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Concept Reference
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Bouteloua curtipendula
Conservation Status

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 26Aug2002
Global Status Last Changed: 07Dec1984
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Widespread and common throughout much of North America.
Nation: United States
National Status: N5?
Nation: Canada
National Status: N3 (06Oct2008)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alabama (SNR), Arizona (SNR), Arkansas (SNR), California (SNR), Colorado (SNR), Connecticut (S1), District of Columbia (SH), Florida (S1?), Georgia (S2), Hawaii (SNA), Idaho (SNR), Illinois (S3S4), Indiana (S3), Iowa (S4), Kansas (SNR), Kentucky (S3?), Louisiana (S1), Maine (SNR), Maryland (S2), Michigan (S1S2), Minnesota (SNR), Mississippi (S3S4), Missouri (SNR), Montana (S4S5), Nebraska (SNR), Nevada (SNR), New Jersey (SNR), New Mexico (SNR), New York (S1), North Carolina (SNR), North Dakota (SNR), Ohio (SNR), Oklahoma (SNR), Oregon (SNR), Pennsylvania (S2), South Carolina (SNR), South Dakota (SNR), Tennessee (SNR), Texas (SNR), Utah (SNR), Virginia (SNR), Washington (SNR), West Virginia (S3), Wisconsin (SNR), Wyoming (S3)
Canada Alberta (S1), Manitoba (S2S3), Ontario (S2), Saskatchewan (S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Widespread from Maine and Ontario west to Saskatchewan and Washington, south to Florida, and west to California (Kartesz 1999).

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Some low-level threats from lack of disturbance/succession (glades may be fire-dependent) and from competition with exotics (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

Short-term Trend Comments: Undoubted declines in the past due to the large-scale loss of prairies and grasslands but still common in the range of the central and southern mixed prairies, the Great Plains, much of the southwestern United States, other areas.

Intrinsic Vulnerability Comments: Not restricted to pristine sites or virgin prairie remnants; persists on old fields and sites that are somewhat degraded (University of Minnesota 1995, Wisconsin State Herbarium 2002).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Global Range: Widespread from Maine and Ontario west to Saskatchewan and Washington, south to Florida, and west to California (Kartesz 1999).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, FL, GA, HIexotic, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, WA, WI, WV, WY
Canada AB, MB, ON, SK

Range Map
No map available.

U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
CT Fairfield (09001), Litchfield (09005), New Haven (09009)*
GA Catoosa (13047), Columbia (13073), Floyd (13115), Twiggs (13289)
KY Boone (21015)*, Estill (21065), Garrard (21079), Hardin (21093), Lewis (21135), Lincoln (21137), Logan (21141), Madison (21151), Powell (21197), Rowan (21205), Warren (21227)
LA Caldwell (22021)
MD Allegany (24001), Baltimore County (24005), Frederick (24021)*, Montgomery (24031), Washington (24043)
MI Barry (26015), Jackson (26075), Kalamazoo (26077), Kent (26081), Livingston (26093)*, Newaygo (26123), Oakland (26125)*, St. Joseph (26149)*, Washtenaw (26161)
NC Swain (37173)
NJ Bergen (34003)*, Gloucester (34015)*, Morris (34027)*, Salem (34033)*, Somerset (34035), Sussex (34037), Warren (34041)
NY Albany (36001), Columbia (36021)*, Dutchess (36027), Jefferson (36045), Monroe (36055)*, Orange (36071)*, Queens (36081), Rensselaer (36083), Saratoga (36091)*, Schenectady (36093), Ulster (36111)
PA Bedford (42009), Blair (42013), Centre (42027), Chester (42029), Cumberland (42041), Franklin (42055), Huntingdon (42061)*, Juniata (42067), Lancaster (42071)*, Luzerne (42079)*, Lycoming (42081), Northampton (42095)*, Snyder (42109), Venango (42121)*
WV Grant (54023), Greenbrier (54025), Hampshire (54027), Hardy (54031), Jefferson (54037), Mineral (54057), Pendleton (54071)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Housatonic (01100005)+
02 Hudson-Hoosic (02020003)+, Mohawk (02020004)+, Middle Hudson (02020006)+, Rondout (02020007)+, Hudson-Wappinger (02020008)+, Lower Hudson (02030101)+*, Bronx (02030102)+*, Hackensack-Passaic (02030103)+*, Raritan (02030105)+, Southern Long Island (02030202)+, Middle Delaware-Musconetcong (02040105)+, Lower Delaware (02040202)+, Brandywine-Christina (02040205)+, Upper Susquehanna-Lackawanna (02050107)+*, Bald Eagle (02050204)+, Lower West Branch Susquehanna (02050206)+, Lower Susquehanna-Penns (02050301)+, Upper Juniata (02050302)+, Raystown (02050303)+, Lower Juniata (02050304)+, Lower Susquehanna-Swatara (02050305)+, Lower Susquehanna (02050306)+*, Gunpowder-Patapsco (02060003)+, South Branch Potomac (02070001)+, North Branch Potomac (02070002)+, Cacapon-Town (02070003)+, Conococheague-Opequon (02070004)+, Shenandoah (02070007)+, Middle Potomac-Catoctin (02070008)+
03 Middle Savannah (03060106)+, Lower Ocmulgee (03070104)+, Upper Coosa (03150105)+
04 St. Joseph (04050001)+*, Kalamazoo (04050003)+, Lower Grand (04050006)+, Thornapple (04050007)+, Muskegon (04060102)+, Clinton (04090003)+*, Huron (04090005)+, Raisin (04100002)+, Irondequoit-Ninemile (04140101)+*, Chaumont-Perch (04150102)+
05 Greenbrier (05050003)+, Ohio Brush-Whiteoak (05090201)+, Middle Ohio-Laughery (05090203)+*, Licking (05100101)+, Upper Kentucky (05100204)+, Lower Kentucky (05100205)+, Barren (05110002)+, Middle Green (05110003)+, Rolling Fork (05140103)+
06 Upper Little Tennessee (06010202)+, Middle Tennessee-Chickamauga (06020001)+
08 Lower Ouachita (08040207)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Population/Occurrence Viability
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 16Jul2002
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Maybury, K.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project. 2002. A partnership between the U.S. Forest Service-Region 8, Natural Heritage Programs in the Southeast, NatureServe, and independent scientists to develop and review data on 1300+ regionally and locally rare species in the Southern Appalachian and Alabama region. Database (Access 97) provided to the U.S. Forest Service by NatureServe, Durham, North Carolina.

  • University of Minnesota. 1995. Plants in Prairie Communities. Available at: nents/3238b.html. Accessed July 16, 2002.

  • Wisconsin State Herbarium. 2002. Wisconsin vascular plants and floristic ratings. Available at: pCode=BOUCURvCUR#Links. Accessed July 16, 2002.

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