Botrychium multifidum - (Gmel.) Trev.
Leathery Grapefern
Other Common Names: leathery grapefern
Synonym(s): Sceptridium multifidum (S.G. Gmelin) M. Nishida
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Botrychium multifidum (Gmel.) Trev. (TSN 17187)
French Common Names: botryche à feuille couchée
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.156578
Element Code: PPOPH010B0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Ferns and relatives
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Filicinophyta Ophioglossopsida Ophioglossales Ophioglossaceae Botrychium
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Concept Reference
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Botrychium multifidum
Conservation Status

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 16May2016
Global Status Last Changed: 19Jan1984
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (28Jan2014)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alaska (SNR), Arizona (S1), California (SNR), Colorado (S1S2), Connecticut (SNR), Idaho (SNR), Illinois (S1), Indiana (SNR), Iowa (S2), Maine (SNR), Maryland (SH), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (SNR), Montana (S4), Nevada (SNR), New Hampshire (SNR), New Jersey (S1), New Mexico (SNR), New York (S5), North Carolina (S1), North Dakota (S1), Ohio (S1), Oregon (SNR), Pennsylvania (S4), Rhode Island (S2), South Dakota (S1), Utah (S1), Vermont (S3), Virginia (S1), Washington (SNR), West Virginia (SH), Wisconsin (SNR), Wyoming (S3)
Canada Alberta (S3), British Columbia (S4), Labrador (S1), Manitoba (S3), New Brunswick (S4), Newfoundland Island (S2S3), Northwest Territories (S1), Nova Scotia (S4), Ontario (S5), Prince Edward Island (S2), Quebec (S5), Saskatchewan (S3), Yukon Territory (S1)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Lack of disturbance and succession are moderate threats to this species (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AK, AZ, CA, CO, CT, IA, ID, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MT, NC, ND, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, SD, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY
Canada AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT

Range Map
No map available.

U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AZ Apache (04001)
CO Conejos (08021), Jackson (08057), Larimer (08069), Routt (08107), San Miguel (08113)
IA Allamakee (19005)*, Black Hawk (19013), Buchanan (19019), Clayton (19043), Dubuque (19061), Fayette (19065)*, Linn (19113), Winneshiek (19191)
IL Coles (17029)*, Cook (17031), Winnebago (17201)*
NC Alleghany (37005), Avery (37011), Mitchell (37121)
ND Cavalier (38019), Richland (38077)
NJ Morris (34027)*, Sussex (34037)*, Warren (34041)
OH Ashtabula (39007), Carroll (39019), Columbiana (39029)*, Henry (39069), Lucas (39095), Tuscarawas (39157)
SD Custer (46033), Pennington (46103)
VA Giles (51071)*, Madison (51113), Page (51139)
VT Addison (50001)*, Bennington (50003)*, Caledonia (50005), Chittenden (50007)*, Essex (50009)*, Rutland (50021)*, Washington (50023)*, Windsor (50027)
WY Big Horn (56003), Carbon (56007), Crook (56011), Johnson (56019), Park (56029), Sheridan (56033), Sublette (56035), Teton (56039)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Upper Connecticut (01080101)+*, Upper Connecticut-Mascoma (01080104)+, White (01080105)+, Black-Ottauquechee (01080106)+*
02 Hudson-Hoosic (02020003)+*, Rondout (02020007)+*, Hackensack-Passaic (02030103)+*, Raritan (02030105)+*, Middle Delaware-Mongaup-Brodhead (02040104)+*, Middle Delaware-Musconetcong (02040105)+, South Fork Shenandoah (02070005)+, Rapidan-Upper Rappahannock (02080103)+
04 Lower Maumee (04100009)+, Chautauqua-Conneaut (04120101)+, Mettawee River (04150401)+*, Otter Creek (04150402)+*, Winooski River (04150403)+
05 Upper Ohio (05030101)+*, Shenango (05030102)+*, Tuscarawas (05040001)+, Upper New (05050001)+, Middle New (05050002)+*, Little Wabash (05120114)+*
06 Watauga (06010103)+, Nolichucky (06010108)+
07 Coon-Yellow (07060001)+, Upper Iowa (07060002)+, Grant-Little Maquoketa (07060003)+, Turkey (07060004)+*, Apple-Plum (07060005)+, Lower Wisconsin (07070005)+, Upper Wapsipinicon (07080102)+, Middle Cedar (07080205)+, Sugar (07090004)+*, Lower Rock (07090005)+*, Des Plaines (07120004)+
09 Western Wild Rice (09020105)+, Lower Pembina River (09020316)+
10 Madison (10020007)+, Yellowstone Headwaters (10070001)+, Big Horn Lake (10080010)+, Upper Tongue (10090101)+, Middle Cheyenne-Spring (10120109)+, Upper Belle Fourche (10120201)+, North Platte Headwaters (10180001)+, Upper North Platte (10180002)+, Big Thompson (10190006)+*, Cache La Poudre (10190007)+
14 San Miguel (14030003)+, New Fork (14040102)+*, Big Sandy (14040104)+, Upper Yampa (14050001)+, Upper San Juan (14080101)+
15 Black (15060101)+, White (15060102)+
17 Snake headwaters (17040101)+, Greys-Hobock (17040103)+, Lower Henrys (17040203)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Population/Occurrence Viability
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

  • Anderson, David G. (2005, November 29). Botrychium multifidum (Gmel.) Rupr. (leathery grapefern): A Technical Conservation Assessment. [Online]. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region. Available: [date of access].

  • Bruce-Grey Plant Committee. 1999. A Guide to the Ferns of Grey and Bruce Counties, Ontario. Stan Brown Printers Ltd., Owen Sound, Ontario. 119 pp.

  • Cody, W.J. and D.M. Britton. 1989. Ferns and Fern Allies of Canada. Publication 1829/E, Agriculture Canada, Research Branch, Ottawa. 430 pp.

  • Dorn, R. D. 2001. Vascular Plants of Wyoming, third edition. Mountain West Publishing, Cheyenne, WY.

  • Farrar, D. R. and S. J. Popovich. 2012. Ophioglossaceae. Pages 24-35 Colorado Flora: Eastern Slope, fourth edition. W.A. Weber and R.C. Wittmann. University Press of Colorado, Boulder, CO.

  • Fertig, W. 1992. A floristic survey of the west slope of the Wind River Range, Wyoming. Masters Thesis. Department of Botany, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY.

  • Fertig, W. 1992. Checklist of the vascular plant flora of the west slope of the Wind River Range and status report on the sensitive plant species of Bridger-Teton National Forest. Unpublished report prepared for the Bridger-Teton National Forest by the Rocky Mountain Herbarium, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY.

  • Harms, V.L., P.A. Ryan and J.A. Haraldson. 1992. The rare and endangered vascular plants of Saskatchewan. Prepared for the Saskatchewan Natural History Society. Unpubl.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kesonie, D. T. 2009. A floristic inventory of Grand Teton National Park and the Pinyon Peak Highlands, Wyoming. Masters Thesis. Department of Botany, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY.

  • Meades, S.J. & Hay, S.G; Brouillet, L. 2000. Annotated Checklist of Vascular Plants of Newfoundland and Labrador. Memorial University Botanical Gardens, St John's NF. 237pp.

  • Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project. 2002. A partnership between the U.S. Forest Service-Region 8, Natural Heritage Programs in the Southeast, NatureServe, and independent scientists to develop and review data on 1300+ regionally and locally rare species in the Southern Appalachian and Alabama region. Database (Access 97) provided to the U.S. Forest Service by NatureServe, Durham, North Carolina.

  • Wagner Jr., W. H. and F. S. Wagner. 1993. Ophioglossaceae. Pages 85-106 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, editor. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 2. Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

  • Wagner, D.H. 1992. Guide to the species of Botrychium in Oregon. Unpublished report prepared by the University Herbarium, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR.

  • Weakley, A.S. 2007. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, Georgia, and surrounding areas. Working draft of 11 January 2007. University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU), North Carolina Botanical Garden, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. [ (accessed 2007)]

  • Williston, P. 2001. The Botrychium of Alberta. Alberta Natural Heritage Information Centre, Edmonton, Alberta. 57p.

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