Baptisia calycosa var. villosa - Canby
Pineland Wild Indigo
Synonym(s): Baptisia hirsuta Small
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Baptisia calycosa var. villosa Canby (TSN 192854)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.146201
Element Code: PDFAB0G062
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Pea Family
Image 10398

© Alfred R. Schotz

 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Fabales Fabaceae Baptisia
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Baptisia calycosa var. villosa
Taxonomic Comments: USFWS tracked as Baptisia calycosa var. hirsuta (9/93).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G3T3
Global Status Last Reviewed: 27Jan1999
Global Status Last Changed: 22Dec1997
Rounded Global Status: T3 - Vulnerable
Reasons: This variety is widespread on Eglin Air Force Base, at the center of its range. It is abundant in non-natural habitats, but an aggressive ecological restoration management program at Eglin is producing high-quality habitat for this plant. However, its range is narrow, and its fate is largely dependent on the continuation of progressive land management at Eglin.
Nation: United States
National Status: N3

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Florida (S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Florida endemic occuring in Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton, and Holmes counties.

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Number of Occurrences Comments: Over 200 occurrences are documented as of August 1997. Approximately 200 of these are on Eglin Air Force Base, where this species is weedy on roadsides and in pine plantations. Most occurrences mapped on Eglin are in relatively natural habitats, primarily sandhills.

Population Size Comments: There are many 1000s of plants at Eglin, but many are not in native habitats.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Much of the natural, undisturbed habitat for this taxon has been lost to silviculture and residential development, and fragmented. However, large expanses of habitat in the center of its range (i.e. Eglin AFB) are protected and undergoing ecological restoration.

Short-term Trend: Increase of >10%
Short-term Trend Comments: Species takes advantage of disturbance to expand its range. Much of the natural, undisturbed habitat for this taxon has been lost to silviculture and residential development, and fragmented. However, large expanses of habitat in the center of its range (i.e. Eglin AFB) are protected and undergoing ecological restoration. Natural habitat is increasing on Eglin, where progressive land management activities, primarily prescribed fire, are restoring and expanding sandhill habitat.

Intrinsic Vulnerability Comments: Plants seed into disturbed areas, where they appear to thrive until canopy closes.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Florida endemic occuring in Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton, and Holmes counties.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FL

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
FL Okaloosa (12091), Santa Rosa (12113), Walton (12131)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Choctawhatchee Bay (03140102)+, Yellow (03140103)+, Blackwater (03140104)+, Pensacola Bay (03140105)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A bushy pubescent perennial herb, stem much branched, to 4 dm tall, densely pubescent. Leaves alternate, trifoliate, leaflets spatulate, to 3 cm in length. Flowers yellow, pea-shaped. Flowers early May to June.
Technical Description: The technical description of the full species Baptisia calycosa follows: "Bushy perennial herb with usually 1 erect stem, pale green, somewhat glaucous, 5-10 mm thick with several spreading or ascending branches from near the base to the summit, these rebranching from nearly every node to form a roundish dense crown fully as broad as high or broader, the whole plant 3-10 dm tall. Leaves alternate, trifoliate, near sessile, stipulate, the stipules 1-2 cm long, elliptic linear, elliptic or lanceolate; leaflets 3, oblanceolate, mostly 2-3 cm long, nearly equal, pale yellow green (turning black on drying), obtuse to rounded, the margins entire, ciliate with a scattering of long white spreading hairs, the bases narrowly cuneate, the surfaces smooth or nearly so, very finely reticulate. Inflorescence with flowers arising singly from the axils of simple narrowly ovate or lanceolate bracts, numerous in rather open, elongating racemes on slender spreading-ascending stalks 2-5 cm long, these stalks with a pair of opposite, smaller bracts shortly below the flower. Flowers with calyx in bloom about 1.5 cm long, green, the tube campanulate, about 3 mm long, the lobes unequal, leafy spreading-ascending, broadly oblanceolate, broadly acute, with short ucros, usually ciliate, cuneate-based; petals clear yellow, the corolla about 1 cm long, the standard somewhat shorter than the wings and keel, nearly round, the wings oblanceolate, the keel petals bent upward along the keel; stamens 10, all filaments distinct, smooth; ovary smooth, with a slender, upswept style. Fruit ovoid, the body with the valve edges forming keels, clasped by the sepals, about 1 cm long on a stipe about 3mm long and with a persistent slender style beak, black when ripe, smooth" (Kral, 1983).
Diagnostic Characteristics: Most distinctive characters are its very leaflike calyx lobes which at anthesis project forward, largely concealing the yellow petals, and actually overtopping them, and its pubescence, which, in the field gives the foliage a distinctive grayish aspect (Kral, 1983).
Duration: PERENNIAL
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest/Woodland, Sand/dune, Woodland - Mixed
Habitat Comments: Longleaf pine-scrub oak "barrens" in deep yellow sands.
Economic Attributes
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Economically Important Genus: Y
Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 18Aug1997
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Chafin, L.G.
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 03Mar1992

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Chafin, L.G. and A.R. Schotz. 1995. Rare plant survey of Eglin Air Force Base, 1992-1994. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL.

  • Kartesz, J. T. 1991. Synonym names from 1991 checklist, as extracted by Larry Morse, TNC, June 1991.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kral, R. 1983a. A report on some rare, threatened or endangered forest related vascular plants of the south. USFS technical publication R8-TP2, Atlanta, GA. Vol. 1: 718 pp.

  • Kral, R. 1983c. A report on some rare, threatened, or endangered forest-related vascular plants of the South. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service Technical Publication R8-TP2, Athens, GA. 1305 pp.

  • Small, J.K. 1933. Manual of the southeastern flora. Two volumes. Hafner Publishing Company, New York.

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