Baptisia calycosa - Canby
Pineland Wild Indigo
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Baptisia calycosa Canby (TSN 26471)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.132577
Element Code: PDFAB0G060
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Pea Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Fabales Fabaceae Baptisia
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Baptisia calycosa
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G3
Global Status Last Reviewed: 22Dec1997
Global Status Last Changed: 22Dec1997
Rounded Global Status: G3 - Vulnerable
Reasons: Florida Natural Areas Inventory tracks Baptisia calycosa var. calycosa (two occurrences) and B. c. var. villosa (204 occurrences). Threatened by land conversion to sylviculture and development.
Nation: United States
National Status: N3

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Florida (SNR)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Florida endemic.

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: 204 occurrences of variety villosa, and 2 occurrences of variety calycosa.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Florida endemic.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
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U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FL

Range Map
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U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
FL Clay (12019), Okaloosa (12091), Putnam (12107), Santa Rosa (12113), St. Johns (12109), Walton (12131)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Lower St. Johns (03080103)+, Choctawhatchee Bay (03140102)+, Yellow (03140103)+, Blackwater (03140104)+, Pensacola Bay (03140105)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: Bushy, densely leafy, smoothish, perennial herb from stout rootstocks. Variety calycosa is glabrous or sparingly pubescent while variety villosa is very pubescent.
Technical Description: "Bushy perennial herb with usually 1 erect stem, pale green, somewhat glaucous, 5-10 mm thick with several spreading or ascending branches from near the base to the summit, these rebranching from nearly every node to form a roundish dense crown fully as broad as high or broader, the whole plant 3-10 dm tall. Leaves alternate, trifoliate, near sessile, stipulate, the stipules 1-2 cm long, elliptic linear, elliptic or lanceolate; leaflets 3, oblanceolate, mostly 2-3 cm long, nearly equal, pale yellow green (turning black on drying), obtuse to rounded, the margins entire, ciliate with a scattering of long white spreading hairs, the bases narrowly cuneate, the surfaces smooth or nearly so, very finely reticulate. Inflorescence with flowers arising singly from the axils of simple narrowly ovate or lanceolate bracts, numerous in rather open, elongating racemes on slender spreading-ascending stalks 2-5 cm long, these stalks with a pair of opposite, smaller bracts shortly below the flower. Flowers with calyx in bloom about 1.5 cm long, green, the tube campanulate, about 3 mm long, the lobes unequal, leafy spreading-ascending, broadly oblanceolate, broadly acute, with short ucros, usually ciliate, cuneate-based; petals clear yellow, the corolla about 1 cm long, the standard somewhat shorter than the wings and keel, nearly round, the wings oblanceolate, the keel petals bent upward along the keel; stamens 10, all filaments distinct, smooth; ovary smooth, with a slender, upswept style. Fruit ovoid, the body with the valve edges forming keels, clasped by the sepals, about 1 cm long on a stipe about 3mm long and with a persistent slender style beak, black when ripe, smooth" (Kral, 1983).
Diagnostic Characteristics: Similar to Baptisia lecontei in flower and leaf but its calyx lobes are larger and foliaceous while those of B. lecontei are no longer than the calyx tube. Variety calycosa is found in northeastern Florida while var. villosa is found in northwestern Florida. Variety villosa is much more pubescent than var. calycosa, the hairs of which are confined to the margins of leaflets and sepals.
Duration: PERENNIAL
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest/Woodland, Sand/dune, Savanna, Woodland - Mixed
Economic Attributes
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Economically Important Genus: Y
Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 03Mar1992

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • KRAL, R. 1983.A REPORT ON SOME RARE,THREATENED,OR ENDANGEREDFOREST-RELATED VASCULAR PLANTS OF THE SOUTH.VOL I ISOETACEAETHROUGH EUPHORBIACEAE;VOL II AQUIFOLIACEA THROUGH ASTERACEAE& GLOSSARY.USDA FOREST SERV,SE REG.,ATL,GA. TECH PUBL R8-TP2

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kral, R. 1983c. A report on some rare, threatened, or endangered forest-related vascular plants of the South. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service Technical Publication R8-TP2, Athens, GA. 1305 pp.

  • Small, J.K. 1933. Manual of the southeastern flora. Two volumes. Hafner Publishing Company, New York.

  • WUNDERLIN, RICHARD P. 1982. GUIDE TO THE VASCULAR PLANTS OF CENTRAL FLORIDA. UNIV. PRESSES OF FLA., TAMPA, ST. PETERSBURG, FT. MEYERS, SARASOTA

  • Wunderlin, R.P. 1982. Guide to the vascular plants of central Florida. Univ. Presses Florida, Gainesville. 472 pp.

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