Aquilegia grahamii - Welsh & Goodrich
Graham's Columbine
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Aquilegia grahamii Welsh & Goodrich (TSN 508012)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.142074
Element Code: PDRAN050C0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Buttercup Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Aquilegia
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
Help
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.
Concept Reference Code: B99KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Aquilegia grahamii
Taxonomic Comments: Not treated (not even in synonymy) by Flora of North America (1997). Recently named and described (1993); Kartesz (1999) accepts.
Conservation Status
Help

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G1
Global Status Last Reviewed: 27Jun2016
Global Status Last Changed: 20Apr1995
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by calculator
Rounded Global Status: G1 - Critically Imperiled
Reasons: Endemic to several adjacent canyons in eastern Uintah County, northeast Utah. All known occurrences are on Ashley National Forest and/or near the forest and appear to be under no immediate threat due to its steep isolated habitat. Less than 10 known occurrences.
Nation: United States
National Status: N1

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Utah (S1)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: This species is endemic to three deep canyons on the south slope of the Uinta Mountains north of Vernal, Uintah County, Utah (Franklin 2005).

Area of Occupancy: 3-5 4-km2 grid cells
Area of Occupancy Comments: Approximately 5 4-sq km grid cells.

Number of Occurrences: 1 - 20
Number of Occurrences Comments: 3 EOs, one of which is now denoted as historical (without explanation); the remaining 2 have not been surveyed since 1994 (EO data in the NatureServe central database as of July 2011). The best estimate now is that there are 9 populations from Ashley National Forest and/or near the forest (S. Goodrich, USFS, pers comm. 2011).

Population Size Comments: Total population is estimated to be 5,000-10,000 plants (Huber 1997 cited by Franklin 2005).

Number of Occurrences with Good Viability/Integrity: Very few (1-3)

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Due to its steep isolated habitat, there are likely to be few threats (Franklin 2005). Populations on Ashley National Forest seem to have little threat (S. Goodrich, USFS, pers. comm. 2011).

Short-term Trend: Unknown

Long-term Trend: Unknown

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
Help
Global Range: This species is endemic to three deep canyons on the south slope of the Uinta Mountains north of Vernal, Uintah County, Utah (Franklin 2005).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States UT

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
UT Uintah (49047)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
14 Ashley-Brush (14060002)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
Help
Basic Description: A perennial herb, 2.5-6 dm tall. Stems and leaves have glands that exude a sticky substance to which sand grains often adhere. Flowers have red-fuchsia petals and sepals and clear yellow blades. Blooms in June and July.
Technical Description: Plants 2.5-6 dm tall; flowers usually 2-6, longer than broad, red-fushia, with contrasting yellow blades, sepals 11-14 mm long, petals 506 mm long; stems copiously to sparingly gladular with adhering sand grains; leaves copiously villous-glandular.
Diagnostic Characteristics: Similar to A. micrantha in the glandular-pubsescence, but the flowers are longer than broad and are red-fushia with contrasting yellow blades.
Duration: PERENNIAL
Riverine Habitat(s): SPRING/SPRING BROOK
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Bare rock/talus/scree
Habitat Comments: Sandy soil along the drip line below weeping, hanging garden cliffs of Weber sandstone, with Calamagrostis scopulorum, at 2320 m, in deep, shaded canyons in the eastern Uinta Mountains. The surrounding plant communities vary from juniper-birch, sagebrush-snowberry to ponderosa pine-juniper-aspen.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary
Help
Stewardship Overview: Continue to monitor known populations for status of threats, site condition, and abundance of plants. Survey potential habitat for new populations. Seek long term protection for exceptional sites. Review most critical threats and consider the feasibility of their removal and how their removal will impact the quality of habitat for the species, as well as other species of interest.
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 27Jun2016
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Beckman, J. (7/96), rev. B. Franklin (1996), rev. A. Tomaino (2009), rev. M. Russo (2011), rev. Treher (2016)
Management Information Edition Date: 27Jun2016
Management Information Edition Author: M. Russo (2011), rev. Treher (2016)

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 1997. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 3. Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxiii + 590 pp.

  • Franklin, M.A. 2005. Plant information compiled by the Utah Natural Heritage Program: A progress report. Publication Number 05-40. Utah Division of Wildlife Resources, Salt Lake City, Utah. 341 pp. [http://dwrcdc.nr.utah.gov/ucdc/ViewReports/plantrpt.htm]

  • Goodrich, S. 1996. Sensitive plant information on Aquilegia grahamii from Ashley National Forest. 3 pp.

  • Huber, A. 1997. Maps (photocopied) - provided in response to letter from Ben Franklin: sensitive species information. Unpaginated (22 pp.).

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Stone, R.D. 1998. Endemic and rare plants of Utah: an overview of their distribution and status. Prepared for: Utah Reclamation Mitigation and Conservation Commission, U.S. Department of the Interior by Utah Division of Wildlife Resources. 566 pp. + appendices. [http://dwrcdc.nr.utah.gov/ucdc/ViewReports/plantrpt.htm]

  • Welsh, S. L. 1993 [1994]. New taxa and new nomenclatural combinations in the Utah flora. Rhodora 95(883/884): 392-421.

  • Welsh, S.L. 1993. New taxa and new nomenclatural combinations in the Utah flora. Rhodora 95(883/884):392-421.

  • Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, S. Goodrich, and L.C. Higgins (eds.) 1993. A Utah flora. 2nd edition. Brigham Young Univ., Provo, Utah. 986 pp.

Use Guidelines & Citation

Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2018.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2018 NatureServe, 4600 N. Fairfax Dr., 7th Floor, Arlington Virginia 22203, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2018. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.