Aquilegia formosa - Fisch. ex DC.
Crimson Columbine
Other English Common Names: Western Columbine
Other Common Names: western columbine
Synonym(s): Aquilegia formosa ssp. formosa
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Aquilegia formosa Fisch. ex DC. (TSN 18738)
French Common Names: ancolie gracieuse
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.145385
Element Code: PDRAN050B0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Buttercup Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Aquilegia
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Aquilegia formosa
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 31Mar2016
Global Status Last Changed: 09May1991
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Wide range, common within range.
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (31Mar2016)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alaska (SNR), California (SNR), Idaho (SNR), Montana (S1S2), Nevada (SNR), Oregon (SNR), Utah (SNR), Washington (SNR), Wyoming (S1)
Canada Alberta (S3), British Columbia (S5), Yukon Territory (S2S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: From coastal Alaska and southern Yukon, through to Baja Calif. and Utah.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: From coastal Alaska and southern Yukon, through to Baja Calif. and Utah.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AK, CA, ID, MT, NV, OR, UT, WA, WY
Canada AB, BC, YT

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
MT Beaverhead (30001), Madison (30057)
WY Park (56029), Teton (56039)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
10 Red Rock (10020001)+, Madison (10020007)+, Clarks Fork Yellowstone (10070006)+*, North Fork Shoshone (10080012)+
17 Snake headwaters (17040101)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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General Description: Sitka Columbine is an herbaceous perennial with stems which are 1-6 dm high and arising from a simple or branched rootcrown. The basal leaves have long petioles and are twice divided into threes; the ultimate wedge-shaped segments are lobed and 1-5 cm long. The few, alternate stem leaves are smaller and less divided. Foliage is glabrous to sparsely hairy with a thin, waxy coating on the undersides of the leaves. 1 to several stalked, nodding flowers are borne at the top of the stem. Each flower has 5 red, spreading sepals and 5 red to yellow, horn-shaped petals with a 2-5 mm long blade and a 10-15 mm straight spur. There are numerous stamens, and the fruit is an erect, bell-shaped, 5-chambered capsule which is ca. 2 cm long.
Diagnostic Characteristics: This species could be confused with reddish flowered forms of A. FLAVESCENS; however, the A. FLAVESCENS has spurs with incurved tips and petal blades which are 6-13 mm long.
Habitat Comments: Open woods and rocky slopes, moist areas.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 24Apr1991
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Broaddus, Lynn
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 24Sep1994
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): JM

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Chase, V. C. and P. H. Raven. 1975. Evolutionary and ecological relationships between AQUILEGIA FORMOSA and A. PUBESCENS (Ranunculaceae), two perennial plants. Evolution 29:474-486.

  • Douglas, G.W., D. Meidinger, and J. Pojar, editors. 1999. The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia. Volume 4. Dicotyledons (Orobanchaceae through Rubiaceae). British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks and British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Victoria.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 1997. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 3. Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxiii + 590 pp.

  • Grant, V. 1979. Character coherence in natural hybrid populations in plants. Bot. Gaz. 140(4):443-448.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Lesica, P. 1990b. Vegetation and sensitive vascular plants of Morrison Lake, Harkness Lakes and Nicholia Creek wetlands, Beaverhead County, Montana. Report to Beaverhead National Forest, Dillon, Montana. 28 pp.

  • Vanderhorst, J. 1995b. Sensitive plant survey of the Tendoy Mountains in the Beaverhead National Forest, Beaverhead County, Montana. Unpublished report to the Beaverhead National Forest. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, MT. 69 pp.

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