Melanapamea mixta - (Grote, 1881)
Coastal Plain Apamea Moth
Synonym(s): Apamea mixta (Grote, 1881) ;Septis mixta
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.113478
Element Code: IILEYB9370
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Invertebrates - Insects - Butterflies and Moths - Other Moths
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Mandibulata Insecta Lepidoptera Noctuidae Melanapamea
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Hodges, R.W. et al., eds. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. E.W. Classey Limited and The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, London. 284 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B83HOD01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Apamea mixta
Taxonomic Comments: Can be confused with A. impulsa, but actually a very distinct species. Genus and generic combination from Lafontaine (2009).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: GU
Global Status Last Reviewed: 31May2002
Global Status Last Changed: 31May2002
Rounded Global Status: GU - Unrankable
Reasons: Very few records. especially since 1970. One of very few moths historic for the New Jersey Pine Barrens. While this seems to be more or less a bog species, most bogs that have been checked seem to lack it. Too little is known about this rarely collected species to assign any meaningful rank.
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: NU (08Oct2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Maine (SNR), Maryland (S1), Massachusetts (S1), Michigan (SNR), New Jersey (SH), New York (SH), North Carolina (S2S3), Ohio (SNR)
Canada New Brunswick (SU), Nova Scotia (SU), Ontario (SNR)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent: 20,000-2,500,000 square km (about 8000-1,000,000 square miles)
Range Extent Comments: Scattered occurrences from Nova Scotia, Quebec, and Ontario south along the coast to New Jersey (historic) and North Carolina. Also inland in New York (historic), western Maryland.

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: Unknown. Scattered records. Habitat not clearly understood but some sort of bog. Bogs as a whole are common.

Population Size Comments: Unknown. Clearly very localized and apparently rare.

Intrinsic Vulnerability Comments: Unknown.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Inventory Needs: Check other bogs near historic or current EOs using blacklight traps (possibly also bait) in late June or July.

Protection Needs: Protect known sites.

Distribution
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Global Range: (20,000-2,500,000 square km (about 8000-1,000,000 square miles)) Scattered occurrences from Nova Scotia, Quebec, and Ontario south along the coast to New Jersey (historic) and North Carolina. Also inland in New York (historic), western Maryland.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.

Map unavailable!:
Distribution data for U.S. states and Canadian provinces is known to be incomplete or has not been reviewed for this taxon.

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States MA, MD, ME, MI, NC, NJ, NY, OH
Canada NB, NS, ON

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
MA Plymouth (25023)*
MD Garrett (24023)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Cape Cod (01090002)+*
02 North Branch Potomac (02070002)+
05 Youghiogheny (05020006)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A noctuid moth
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary
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Biological Research Needs: Information on associated sedges and grasses needed. Actual determination of foodplant would be even more useful. Work out habitat and foodplant. Food likely to be a grass or sedge.
Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Noctuid Moths (Default)

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: A location where the species occurs, or has occurred, where there is potential for persistence or regular recurrence. For almost all species the minimum criteria would be an actual specimen associated with suitable habitat, which includes a substantial amount of one or more larval foodplants. For almost all species an occurrence ranked higher than D should contain a persistent viable population or metapopulation.
Mapping Guidance: If the habitat corresponds to a mappable natural community or other feature consider the boundaries of this feature the EO boundaries. In general EOs need not include more than the breeding habitat and a minimum amount of buffer. In general the larval foodplant should be present on most hectares of the habitat treated as suitable. If this is not approximately true then greater care may need to be taken in defining suitable habitat and actual foodplant stands may need to be considered.
Separation Barriers: Unknown, and probably varies with species.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 2 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Most noctuids are strong fliers and except for a few bog and other wetland species (not included here) almost all can be collected occasionally one to several kilometers out of habitat, although some average sized species are long distance migrants. Nevertheless most adults probably stay in habitat most or all of their lives. Two kilometers should generally provide some degree of separation but not create a complete lack of gene flow. If the intervening habitat is mostly suitable there is almost no chance (or even known mechanism by which) two collections a few kilometers apart would represent separate populations but some arbitrary figure is needed. Marginal habitat, for example where the foodplant is relatively scarce (but not absent) should generally be treated as suitable habitat in terms of separation distances.
Inferred Minimum Extent of Habitat Use (when actual extent is unknown): 1 km
Inferred Minimum Extent Justification: In practice for species in this group the inferred extent is usually all contiguous or nearly contiguous habitat which will usually be a few tens to hundreds of hectares. Occurrences are always based on populations which will at least over time occupy available habitat and generally will in any given year. However some arbitrary upper limit is needed with species that typically occupy large habitats. Therefore it is suggested that with really large habitats (usually forests, woodland, brushland) IE be capped at 1 km radius. The resulting 400 hectare area would be a fairly small occurrence for most forest or woodland species. Presence should be inferred only in suitable habitat within this radius.
Date: 31Aug2001
Author: Schweitzer, Dale F.
Notes: These Specs should generally be applied to non-forest trifid subfamilies, non-migratory Plusiinae, and many Catocalinae whose larvae are either generalists or feed on one or several widely distributed plants. A few other apparently wide ranging species are included.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 25Oct1991
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Schweitzer, D.F.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Forbes, William T. M. 1954. Lepidoptera of New York and neighboring states part III. Cornell University Experiment Station Memoir 329.

  • Hall, S.P. 2003. Survey for the Saint Francis Satyr (Neonympha mitchellii francisci) and Associated Ecosystems at Fort Bragg Exclusive of Artillery Impact Areas. Report to the Endangered Species Branch; Fort Bragg, NC.

  • Hodges, R.W. et al., eds. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. E.W. Classey Limited and The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, London. 284 pp.

  • Lafontaine, J. D. 2009. Apamea walshi Lafontaine, new species; genus Melanapamea, new genus; Lateroligia Zilli, Fibiger, and Ronkay. In: Mikkola et al. (2009).

  • Lafontaine, J.D. and B. C. Schmidt. 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. ZooKeys 40:1-239.

  • LeBlond, R.J.; Fussell, J.O.; Braswell, A.L.; Grant, G.S.; Hall, S.P.; and Sullivan, J.B. 1997. Inventory of the rare species, natural communities, and critical areas of Camp Lejeune Marine Corps Base, North Carolina. Phase III. NC Natural Heritage Program; Raleigh, NC

  • Schweitzer, Dale F. 1991. Memorandum to Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, Maine Heritage Programs and John Grehan of December 12, 1991 regarding another subalpine Anomogyna (Noctuidae) for your states.

  • Schweitzer, Dale F. 1998. Rare, potentially rare, and historic macrolepidoptera for Long Island, New York: A suggested inventory list.

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