Apacheria chiricahuensis - C.T. Mason
Cliff Brittlebush
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Apacheria chiricahuensis C.T. Mason (TSN 21353)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.150024
Element Code: PDCRO01010
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Other flowering plants
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Rosales Crossosomataceae Apacheria
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Apacheria chiricahuensis
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G2
Global Status Last Reviewed: 21Oct2013
Global Status Last Changed: 26Jan1998
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by calculator
Rounded Global Status: G2 - Imperiled
Reasons: Apacheria chircahuensis, a monotypic genus, occurs in widely scattered populations in southwestern New Mexico, southeastern Arizona and northern Mexico (Carter 1998). It is known from the Chiricahua and Dragoon Mountains in Arizona and from the Black Range, and the San Mateo, San Andreas and Animas mountains in New Mexico. Its habitat is north-facing cliffs of limestone and rhyolite (Carter 1998). The cliffside habitat of this rare shrub offers considerable protection from human impacts (Carter 1998).
Nation: United States
National Status: N2

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Arizona (S2), New Mexico (S2)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Known from the Chiricahua Mountains in Chiricahua National Monument, and the Dragoon Mountains of Cochise County, Arizona. In New Mexico, known from East Red Canyon in the San Mateo Mountains, Cibola County, the Black Range in Sierra and Grant counties, San Andreas in Sierra and Socorro counties, and Animas Mountains in Hildago County. Also known from northern Mexico (Carter 1997; The New Mexico Native Plant Protection Committee 1984, 2005; Gottlieb 1999).

Area of Occupancy:  
Area of Occupancy Comments: Occupies and area of about 18 sq km in Arizona.

Number of Occurrences: 6 - 20
Number of Occurrences Comments: Nine populations occur in Arizona, with seven on the Chiricahua National Monument; the other two occurrences occur on Forest Service land in same mountain range. In New Mexico, known from eleven occurrences (Gottlieb 1999).

Number of Occurrences with Good Viability/Integrity: Unknown
Viability/Integrity Comments: Reported to be fairly common in suitable habitat in the San Mateo Mountains, and abundant in suitable habitat in the Animas Mountains, New Mexico (New Mexico Rare Plant Technical Council.

Overall Threat Impact: Low
Overall Threat Impact Comments: The isolated cliffside habitats of this rare shrub offers considerable protection from human impacts (Carter 1998, AGFD 2012).

Short-term Trend: Unknown

Long-term Trend: Unknown

Environmental Specificity: Very narrow. Specialist or community with key requirements scarce.
Environmental Specificity Comments: Mostly north-facing cliffs of limestone or rhyolite, between 1700-2100 m (5500-7000 ft) (New Mexico Native Plant Technical Council, 2005).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Known from the Chiricahua Mountains in Chiricahua National Monument, and the Dragoon Mountains of Cochise County, Arizona. In New Mexico, known from East Red Canyon in the San Mateo Mountains, Cibola County, the Black Range in Sierra and Grant counties, San Andreas in Sierra and Socorro counties, and Animas Mountains in Hildago County. Also known from northern Mexico (Carter 1997; The New Mexico Native Plant Protection Committee 1984, 2005; Gottlieb 1999).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AZ, NM

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AZ Cochise (04003)
NM Hidalgo (35023), Sierra (35051), Socorro (35053)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
13 Jornada Del Muerto (13020210)+, Elephant Butte Reservoir (13020211)+, Jornada Draw (13030103)+, Tularosa Valley (13050003)+
15 Upper Gila (15040001)+, Animas Valley (15040003)+, San Simon (15040006)+*, Willcox Playa (15050201)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: Shrubs to 1 meter in height; flowers are white to cream colored to pink and fruits are follicular with prominent striate veins (Carter 1997).
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Bare rock/talus/scree, Cliff, Forest - Conifer, Forest/Woodland, Woodland - Conifer
Habitat Comments: Grows in crevices and on ledges on bare north and south exposed rhyolitic rock outcrops (Mason, Jr. 1975).
Great Basin conifer (pinyon-juniper) woodland, Rocky Mountain montane conifer forest; cliffs (Sivinski and Lightfoot 1994)

Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 28May1999
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Gries, D., rev. A. Olivero (2003), rev S. Schuetze (2012)

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Arizona Department of Agriculture. 2001. December 11-last update. Salvage Restricted Protected Native Plants. Online. Available: http://agriculture.state.az.us/PSD/protplantlst3.htm. Accessed 2003, April 15.

  • Carter, J. 1997a. NMRPTC status summary: Apacheria chiricahuensis C.T. Mason (Crossosomataceae). New Mexico Rare Plant Technical Council; Reports on little-known plants. Online. Available: http://biology.unm.edu/chelo/98reports/carter.htm#apachi Accessed 1999, April 14.

  • Carter, J. 1998. New Mexico Rare Plants: Apacheria chiricahuensis (cliff brittlebush). New Mexico Rare Plant Technical Council, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Online. Available: http://nmrareplants.unm.edu (Version 15 March 2002). Accessed 2003, April 15.

  • Gottlieb, S.J. 1999. Excerpts from DRAFT reports in preparation by members of the New Mexico Rare Plants Technical Committee. New Mexico Natural Heritage Program, Biology Department, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Mason, C.T., Jr. 1975. Apacheria chiricahuensis: a new genus and species from Arizona. Madrono 23(3):105-108.

  • New Mexico Native Plant Protection Advisory Committee. 1984. A handbook of rare and endemic plants of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, Albuquerque. 291 pp.

  • Sivinski, R., and K. Lightfoot, eds. 1994. Inventory of the rare and endangered plants of New Mexico. 2nd edition. Miscellaneous Publication No. 3, New Mexico Forestry and Resources Conservation Division, New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Dept., Santa Fe. 46 pp.

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