Anthemis arvensis - L.
Corn Camomile
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Anthemis arvensis L. (TSN 36331)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.157162
Element Code: PDAST0J020
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Aster Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Asterales Asteraceae Anthemis
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Anthemis arvensis
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: GNR
Global Status Last Changed: 22Mar1994
Rounded Global Status: GNR - Not Yet Ranked
Nation: United States
National Status: NNA
Nation: Canada
National Status: NNA (11Oct2016)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alabama (SNA), California (SNA), Colorado (SNA), Connecticut (SNA), Delaware (SNA), District of Columbia (SNA), Florida (SNA), Georgia (SNA), Hawaii (SNA), Illinois (SNA), Indiana (SNA), Iowa (SNA), Kentucky (SNA), Louisiana (SNA), Maine (SNA), Maryland (SNA), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNA), Missouri (SNA), Montana (SNA), Nebraska (SNA), New Hampshire (SNA), New Jersey (SNA), New York (SNA), North Carolina (SNA), North Dakota (SNA), Ohio (SNA), Oregon (SNA), Pennsylvania (SNA), Rhode Island (SNA), South Carolina (SNA), Tennessee (SNA), Vermont (SNA), Virginia (SNA), Washington (SNA), West Virginia (SNA), Wyoming (SNA)
Canada British Columbia (SNA), New Brunswick (SNA), Newfoundland Island (SNA), Nova Scotia (SNA), Ontario (SNA), Prince Edward Island (SNA), Quebec (SNA)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The distribution shown may be incomplete, particularly for some rapidly spreading exotic species.

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States ALexotic, CAexotic, COexotic, CTexotic, DCexotic, DEexotic, FLexotic, GAexotic, HIexotic, IAexotic, ILexotic, INexotic, KYexotic, LAexotic, MA, MDexotic, MEexotic, MIexotic, MOexotic, MTexotic, NCexotic, NDexotic, NEexotic, NHexotic, NJexotic, NYexotic, OHexotic, ORexotic, PAexotic, RIexotic, SCexotic, TNexotic, VAexotic, VTexotic, WAexotic, WVexotic, WYexotic
Canada BCexotic, NBexotic, NFexotic, NSexotic, ONexotic, PEexotic, QCexotic

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank)
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Disclaimer: While I-Rank information is available over NatureServe Explorer, NatureServe is not actively developing or maintaining these data. Species with I-RANKs do not represent a random sample of species exotic in the United States; available assessments may be biased toward those species with higher-than-average impact.

I-Rank: Low/Insignificant
Rounded I-Rank: Low
I-Rank Reasons Summary: Anthemis arvensis is a herbaceous annual that grows 1-6 dm tall. Apparently, it only occurs in disturbed areas such as roadsides, railroads, fields, parking lots, and waste ground; it is also a weed in lawns, gardens, and nurseries. Anthemis arvensis occurs in every eastern state from Wisconsin to Alabama east and is fairly common and widespread in the east, except in the far north and south. In the west, Anthemis arvensis occurs in the more northern states and has a spotty distribution. Anthemis arvensis has been present in the U.S. since at least 1860. However, there is relatively little information available. In the literature, there is no mention of ecological impacts; therefore, any impacts were assumed to be insignificant.
Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Insignificant
Subrank II - Current Distribution/Abundance: Medium/Low
Subrank III - Trend in Distribution/Abundance: Unknown
Subrank IV - Management Difficulty: Unknown
I-Rank Review Date: 03Aug2004
Evaluator: Tomaino, A.
Native anywhere in the U.S?
Native Range: Native to Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia (GRIN 2001).

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Screening Questions

S-1. Established outside cultivation as a non-native? YES
Comments: Established outside cultivation in the U.S. (Kartesz 1999).

S-2. Present in conservation areas or other native species habitat? Yes
Comments: Naturalized in fields and waste places over most of U.S. (Gleason and Cronquist 1991).

Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Insignificant

1. Impact on Ecosystem Processes and System-wide Parameters:Insignificant
Comments: No mention of changes in abiotic ecosystem processes or system-wide parameters found in the literature; assumption is that any alterations are not significant.

2. Impact on Ecological Community Structure:Insignificant
Comments: Herbaceous annual that is 1-6 dm tall (Gleason and Cronquist 1991; Klinkenberg 2004). No mention of impacts on ecological community structure found in the literature; assumption is that any impacts are not significant.

3. Impact on Ecological Community Composition:Insignificant
Comments: No mention of impacts on ecological community composition found in the literature; assumption is that any impacts are not significant.

4. Impact on Individual Native Plant or Animal Species:Insignificant
Comments: No mention of impacts on particular native species found in the literature; assumption is that any impacts are not significant.

5. Conservation Significance of the Communities and Native Species Threatened:Insignificant
Comments: Roadsides and disturbed areas in the Carolinas and Virginia (Weakley 2004). In Michigan, it occurs on roadsides, railroads, fields, parking lots, other waste ground and is also a weed in lawns, gardens, and nurseries (Voss 1996). In California, it occurs in disturbed areas, roadsides, and fields (Baldwin et al. 2004). In Missouri, Nebraska, and North Dakota, it occurs in fields and waste places (Great Plains Flora Association 1986). No mention of threats to elements of conservation significance found in the literature; assumption is that any impacts are not significant.

Subrank II. Current Distribution and Abundance: Medium/Low

6. Current Range Size in Nation:High/Moderate significance
Comments: Widespread in the northeastern U.S. (Gleason and Cronquist 1991). Common in North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia (Weakley 2004). Well established across Michigan since the 1890's (Voss 1996). Sporadic in the Great Plains (Great Plains Flora Association 1986). Uncommon in California (Baldwin et al. 2004). A somewhat spotty distribution in the west, fairly widespread in the east, but only reaching extreme northern Florida (Kartesz 1999, Rice 2004, Baldwin et al. 2004, Weber et al. 2004, Wisconsin State Herbarium 2004, Iverson et al. 1999, Voss 1996, Fisher 1988, Rhodes and Klein 1993, Weldy et al. 2002, Hough 1983, University of Tennessee Herbarium 2002, South Carolina Plant Atlas, not dated, and Wunderlin and Hansen 2004).

7. Proportion of Current Range Where the Species is Negatively Impacting Biodiversity:Insignificant
Comments: No mention of negative impacts on biodiversity found in the literature; assumption is that impacts occur in <5% of the species' current generalized range.

8. Proportion of Nation's Biogeographic Units Invaded:High/Moderate significance
Comments: Approximately 46% of units, inferred from TNC (2001), Kartesz (1999), Rice 2004, Baldwin et al. 2004, Weber et al. 2004, Wisconsin State Herbarium 2004, Iverson et al. 1999, Voss 1996, Fisher 1988, Rhodes and Klein 1993, Weldy et al. 2002, Hough 1983, University of Tennessee Herbarium 2002, South Carolina Plant Atlas, not dated, and Wunderlin and Hansen 2004.

9. Diversity of Habitats or Ecological Systems Invaded in Nation:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: Roadsides and disturbed areas in the Carolinas and Virginia (Weakley 2004). In Michigan, it occurs on roadsides, railroads, fields, parking lots, other waste ground and is also a weed in lawns, gardens, and nurseries (Voss 1996). In California, it occurs in disturbed areas, roadsides, and fields (Baldwin et al. 2004). In Ohio, it occurs on roadsides and in waste places (Fisher 1988). In Missouri, Nebraska, and North Dakota, it occurs in fields and waste places (Great Plains Flora Association 1986).

Subrank III. Trend in Distribution and Abundance: Unknown

10. Current Trend in Total Range within Nation:Not ranked

11. Proportion of Potential Range Currently Occupied:Not ranked
Comments: Anthemis arvensis has been present in Michigan since 1860 (Voss 1996).

12. Long-distance Dispersal Potential within Nation:Not ranked
Comments: Achenes about 2 mm long (Muenscher 1955).

13. Local Range Expansion or Change in Abundance:Not ranked

14. Inherent Ability to Invade Conservation Areas and Other Native Species Habitats:Low significance
Comments: Anthemis arvensis apparently only occurs in disturbed areas. Roadsides and disturbed areas in the Carolinas and Virginia (Weakley 2004). In Michigan, it occurs on roadsides, railroads, fields, parking lots, other waste ground and is also a weed in lawns, gardens, and nurseries (Voss 1996). In California, it occurs in disturbed areas, roadsides, and fields (Baldwin et al. 2004). In Ohio, it occurs on roadsides and in waste places (Fisher 1988). In Missouri, Nebraska, and North Dakota, it occurs in fields and waste places (Great Plains Flora Association 1986).

15. Similar Habitats Invaded Elsewhere:Low significance
Comments: In British Columbia, it occurs on dry roadsides and disturbed areas in the lowland and montane zones; frequent in extreme SW BC, rare in SE BC (Klinkenberg 2004). Also escaped in Australia, South Africa, and Tasmania (Randall 2002).

16. Reproductive Characteristics:Not ranked
Comments: Herbaceous annual, sometimes rooting at the nodes (Baldwin et al. 2004). Reproduces by seeds and rooting stems (Muenscher 1955).

Subrank IV. General Management Difficulty: Unknown

17. General Management Difficulty:Low significance
Comments: Mow waste places and roadsides before seeds are formed (Muenscher 1955). Pull or hoe scattered plants (Muenscher 1955). Herbaceous annual, sometimes rooting at the nodes (Baldwin et al. 2004).

18. Minimum Time Commitment:Not ranked

19. Impacts of Management on Native Species:Not ranked

20. Accessibility of Invaded Areas:Not ranked
Authors/Contributors
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Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Baldwin, B.G., S. Boyd, B.J. Ertter, D.J. Keil, R.W. Patterson, T.J. Rosatti and D.H. Wilken. 2004.
    Jepson Flora Project, Jepson Online Interchange for California Floristics. Regents of the University of California, Berkeley. Online. Available: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/jepson_flora_project.html (Accessed 2004).

  • Fisher, R.T. 1988. The Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 3. Asteraceae. Ohio State Univ. Press, Columbus. 280 pp.

  • Great Plains Flora Association (R.L. McGregor, coordinator; T.M. Barkley, ed., R.E. Brooks and E.K. Schofield, associate eds.). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas. 1392 pp.

  • Hough, M.Y. 1983. New Jersey wild plants. Harmony Press, Harmony, NJ. 414 pp.

  • Iverson, L.R., D. Ketzner and J. Karnes. 1999. Illinois Plant Information Network. Database at http://fs.fed.us/ne/delaware/ilpin/ilpin.html. Illinois Natural History Survey and USDA Forest Service.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Klinkenberg, B. 2004. E-Flora BC: Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. Online. Available: www.eflora.bc.ca (accessed 2004).

  • Meades, S.J. & Hay, S.G; Brouillet, L. 2000. Annotated Checklist of Vascular Plants of Newfoundland and Labrador. Memorial University Botanical Gardens, St John's NF. 237pp.

  • Muenscher, W. C. 1955. Weeds. The MacMillan Co., New York.

  • Randall, R.P. 2002. A global compendium of weeds. R.G. and F.J. Richardson, Melbourne. 905 pp.

  • Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania: Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, PA. 636 pp.

  • South Carolina Plant Atlas. Not dated. University of South Carolina. Online. Available: http://cricket.biol.sc.edu/herb/ (accessed 2004).

  • The Nature Conservancy. 2001. Map: TNC Ecoregions of the United States. Modification of Bailey Ecoregions. Online . Accessed May 2003.

  • USDA Agricultural Research Service. 1990. USDA Plants Hardiness Zone Map. Misc. Publ. Number 1475.

  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. 2001. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/var/apache/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?6438. (Accessed 2004)

  • University of Tennessee Herbarium and Austin Peay State University. 2002. Database of Tennessee Vascular Plants. Department of Botany, Knoxville. Online. Available: http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/vascular.html (accessed 2004).

  • Voss, E.G. 1996. Michigan Flora. Part III. Dicots (Pyrolaceae-Compositae). Cranbrook Institute of Science Bulletin 61 and Univ. Michigan Herbarium. Ann Arbor, Michigan. 622 pp.

  • Weakley, A. S. 2004. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia. Draft as of March 2004. UNC Herbarium, North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill. Available online: http://www.herbarium.unc.edu/flora.htm. Accessed 2004.

  • Weber, W. R., W. T. Corcoran, M. Brunell, and P. L. Redfearn. 2004. February last update. Atlas of Missouri vascular plants, dot map edition. Online. Available: http://biology.smsu.edu/Herbarium/Plants%20of%20the%20Interior%20Highlands/ATLAS%20MISSOURI%20VASCULAR%20PLANTS,%20DOT%20MAP%20EDITION.htm (accessed 2004)

  • Weldy, T., R. Mitchell, and R. Ingalls. 2002. New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, New York State Museum, Albany, NY. Online. Available: http://nyflora.org/atlas/atlas.htm (accessed 2004).

  • Wisconsin State Herbarium. 2004, January 20, 2004 last update. Wisconsin state herbarium vascular plant species database. Available: http://www.botany.wisc.edu/wisflora/. (Accessed 2004).

  • Wunderlin, R. P., and B. F. Hansen. 2004. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants. [S. M. Landry and K. N. Campbell (application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research.] Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. Online. Available: http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu.

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