Allamanda cathartica - L.
Yellow Allamanda
Other English Common Names: Golden Trumpet
Other Common Names: golden trumpet
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Allamanda cathartica L. (TSN 30127)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.131570
Element Code: PDAPO01010
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Dogbane Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Gentianales Apocynaceae Allamanda
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Allamanda cathartica
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 03Apr1995
Global Status Last Changed: 03Apr1995
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Widespread New World tropical species.
Nation: United States
National Status: NNA

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Florida (SNA)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: 0-1000 m elevation.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: 0-1000 m elevation.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The distribution shown may be incomplete, particularly for some rapidly spreading exotic species.

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FLexotic

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank)
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Disclaimer: While I-Rank information is available over NatureServe Explorer, NatureServe is not actively developing or maintaining these data. Species with I-RANKs do not represent a random sample of species exotic in the United States; available assessments may be biased toward those species with higher-than-average impact.

I-Rank: Medium/Insignificant
Rounded I-Rank: Unknown
I-Rank Reasons Summary: Only in small area of U.S. and does not spread quickly on its own, however, it is easily spread through improper disposal of trimmings from cultivated plants.
Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Medium/Insignificant
Subrank II - Current Distribution/Abundance: Low/Insignificant
Subrank III - Trend in Distribution/Abundance: Medium/Insignificant
Subrank IV - Management Difficulty: Unknown
I-Rank Review Date: 20Feb2004
Evaluator: Fellows, M.
Native anywhere in the U.S?
Native Range: Brazil, Guyana, Surinam and French Guiana (Francis 2003)

Download "An Invasive Species Assessment Protocol: Evaluating Non-Native Plants for their Impact on Biodiversity". (PDF, 1.03MB)
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Screening Questions

S-1. Established outside cultivation as a non-native? YES
Comments: (Kartesz 1999)

S-2. Present in conservation areas or other native species habitat? Yes
Comments: (Francis 2003)

Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Medium/Insignificant

1. Impact on Ecosystem Processes and System-wide Parameters:Medium significance/Insignificant
Comments: low priority for management, small area of invasion, may be limited to ruderal sites (White 1999)

2. Impact on Ecological Community Structure:High/Moderate significance
Comments: reported to climb into low canopies (2- 5m) (Francis 2003).

3. Impact on Ecological Community Composition:Medium significance/Insignificant
Comments: low priority for management, small area of invasion, may be limited to ruderal sites (White 1999)

4. Impact on Individual Native Plant or Animal Species:Medium significance/Insignificant
Comments: low priority for management, small area of invasion, may be limited to ruderal sites (White 1999)

5. Conservation Significance of the Communities and Native Species Threatened:Medium significance/Insignificant
Comments: low priority for management, small area of invasion, may be limited to ruderal sites (White 1999)

Subrank II. Current Distribution and Abundance: Low/Insignificant

6. Current Range Size in Nation:Insignificant
Comments: FL (Kartesz 1999)

7. Proportion of Current Range Where the Species is Negatively Impacting Biodiversity:Medium significance/Insignificant
Comments: low priority for management, small area of invasion, may be limited to ruderal sites (White 1999)

8. Proportion of Nation's Biogeographic Units Invaded:Low significance
Comments: Present in 2 Ecoregions (Kartesz 1999; TNC 2001; Wunderlin and Hansen 2004)

9. Diversity of Habitats or Ecological Systems Invaded in Nation:Low significance
Comments: disturbed sites in FL (Francis 2003)

Subrank III. Trend in Distribution and Abundance: Medium/Insignificant

10. Current Trend in Total Range within Nation:Unknown

11. Proportion of Potential Range Currently Occupied:Low significance
Comments: Inferred- Hawaii and possibly southwest at risk, but not reported as established (Gilman 1999); inferred - not too great of potential range given it is intolerant of shade, frost, saline or alkaline conditions, poor drainage or low organic matter (Francis 2003)

12. Long-distance Dispersal Potential within Nation:High significance
Comments: for sale in Florida & tropical regions outside US (also for sale in Alabama, Texas, Kentucky & the southwest)

13. Local Range Expansion or Change in Abundance:Unknown

14. Inherent Ability to Invade Conservation Areas and Other Native Species Habitats:Low significance
Comments: not cold tolerant (Gilman 1999); aggressive, invasive plant (Gilman 1999); disturbed sites in FL (Francis 2003); "persists tenaciously" (Francis 2003)

15. Similar Habitats Invaded Elsewhere:Low significance
Comments: has become naturalized throughout the tropics, including Queensland, Australia (Francis 2003) and the Pacific Islands (PIER 2003)

16. Reproductive Characteristics:Low significance
Comments: naturalization usually via vegetative propagation because it rarely sets seed (Francis 2003); trimmings root readily (Francis 2003)

Subrank IV. General Management Difficulty: Unknown

17. General Management Difficulty:High/Moderate significance
Comments: can be difficult, as cutting alone is ineffective; control with herbicides is untested (Francis 2003)

18. Minimum Time Commitment:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: relatively few viable seed produced, but must remove all roots and shoots (Francis 2003)

19. Impacts of Management on Native Species:Not ranked

20. Accessibility of Invaded Areas:Not ranked
Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 03Apr1995
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: RAKER, C. (TNC-LASP)

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • D'Arcy, W.G. 1987. Flora of Panama: Checklist and Index. Part I: The Introduction and Checklist. Missouri Botanical Garden. Saint Louis, Missouri.

  • Francis, J. K. 2003. Allamanda cathartica L. US Department of Agriculture. International Institute of Tropical Forestry (IITF). San Juan, PR. ONLINE http://www.fs.fed.us/global/iitf/pdf/shrubs/Allamanda%20cathartica.pdf. Accessed 2004, January.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1991. Accepted taxonomic names from November 1991 checklist, as extracted by Ken Wright, The Nature Conservancy, December 1992-January 1993.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk Project (PIER). 2003. Plant threats to Pacific ecosystems - species of environmental concern. Last updated 20 December 2003. Online. Available: http://www.hear.org/pier/threats.htm. (Accessed 2004).

  • The Nature Conservancy. 2001. Map: TNC Ecoregions of the United States. Modification of Bailey Ecoregions. Online . Accessed May 2003.

  • White, B. (contact person) 1999. Cayo Costa State Park Unit Management Plan. State of Florida, Department of Environmental Protection ONLINE. Accessed 2004, February.

  • Wunderlin, R. P., and B. F. Hansen. 2004. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants. [S. M. Landry and K. N. Campbell (application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research.] Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. Online. Available: http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu.

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