Conuropsis carolinensis - (Linnaeus, 1758)
Carolina Parakeet
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Conuropsis carolinensis (Linnaeus, 1758) (TSN 177407)
French Common Names: Conure de Caroline
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.105252
Element Code: ABNQA05010
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Birds - Other Birds
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Aves Psittaciformes Psittacidae Conuropsis
Genus Size: A - Monotypic genus
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C. [as modified by subsequent supplements and corrections published in The Auk]. Also available online: http://www.aou.org/.
Concept Reference Code: B98AOU01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Conuropsis carolinensis
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: GX
Global Status Last Reviewed: 27Nov1996
Global Status Last Changed: 27Nov1996
Rounded Global Status: GX - Presumed Extinct
Reasons: Extinct; formerly ranged throughout southeastern North America; last seen in the wild in 1904, and last captive specimen died in 1914 or 1918; decline evidently was due to habitat destruction and human persecution.
Nation: United States
National Status: NX (05Jan1997)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SX), Arkansas (SX), Colorado (SX), Florida (SX), Georgia (SX), Illinois (SX), Indiana (SX), Iowa (SX), Kansas (SX), Kentucky (SX), Louisiana (SX), Maryland (SX), Mississippi (SX), Missouri (SX), Nebraska (SX), New Jersey (SX), New York (SX), North Carolina (SX), Ohio (SX), Oklahoma (SXB), Pennsylvania (SX), South Carolina (SXB), South Dakota (SX), Tennessee (SX), Texas (SX), Virginia (SX), West Virginia (SX), Wisconsin (SX)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: EX - Extinct

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent: 20,000-2,500,000 square km (about 8000-1,000,000 square miles)
Range Extent Comments: Ranged over the eastern U.S. from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Lakes region.

Number of Occurrences: 1 - 5
Number of Occurrences Comments: None remaining.

Population Size: 1 - 1000 individuals
Population Size Comments: Extinct. Historic abundance unknown.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Presumably hunted to extinction. Loss of forested habitat coinciding with settlement is also thought to have contributed to their decline (Day 1981).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: (20,000-2,500,000 square km (about 8000-1,000,000 square miles)) Ranged over the eastern U.S. from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Lakes region.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The maps for birds represent the breeding status by state and province. In some jurisdictions, the subnational statuses for common species have not been assessed and the status is shown as not-assessed (SNR). In some jurisdictions, the subnational status refers to the status as a non-breeder; these errors will be corrected in future versions of these maps. A species is not shown in a jurisdiction if it is not known to breed in the jurisdiction or if it occurs only accidentally or casually in the jurisdiction. Thus, the species may occur in a jurisdiction as a seasonal non-breeding resident or as a migratory transient but this will not be indicated on these maps. See other maps on this web site that depict the Western Hemisphere ranges of these species at all seasons of the year.
Endemism: endemic to a single nation

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States ALextirpated, ARextirpated, COextirpated, FLextirpated, GAextirpated, IAextirpated, ILextirpated, INextirpated, KSextirpated, KYextirpated, LAextirpated, MDextirpated, MOextirpated, MSextirpated, NCextirpated, NEextirpated, NJextirpated, NYextirpated, OHextirpated, OKextirpated, PAextirpated, SCextirpated, SDextirpated, TNextirpated, TXextirpated, VAextirpated, WIextirpated, WVextirpated

Range Map
Note: Range depicted for New World only. The scale of the maps may cause narrow coastal ranges or ranges on small islands not to appear. Not all vagrant or small disjunct occurrences are depicted. For migratory birds, some individuals occur outside of the passage migrant range depicted. For information on how to obtain shapefiles of species ranges see our Species Mapping pages at www.natureserve.org/conservation-tools/data-maps-tools.

Range Map Compilers: NatureServe, 2005

Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: Bird, Psittaciformes. Carolina Parakeet.
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: Y
Long Distance Migrant: Y
Palustrine Habitat(s): FORESTED WETLAND, Riparian
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest - Hardwood, Suburban/orchard, Woodland - Hardwood
Habitat Comments: Riverine forest, cypress swamp, deciduous woodland, farmland (Sibley and Monroe 1990).
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 07Sep1995
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Morrison, M., J. Deaton, & G. Hammerson
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 07Sep1995
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): HAMMERSON, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Alabama Ornithological Society. 2006. Field checklist of Alabama birds. Alabama Ornithological Society, Dauphin Island, Alabama. [Available online at http://www.aosbirds.org/documents/AOSChecklist_april2006.pdf ]

  • American Ornithologists Union (AOU). 1998. Check-list of North American Birds. 7th edition. American Ornithologists Union, Washington, D.C. 829 pages.

  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C. [as modified by subsequent supplements and corrections published in The Auk]. Also available online: http://www.aou.org/.

  • Andrews, R. R. and R. R. Righter. 1992. Colorado Birds. Denver Museum of Natural History, Denver. 442 pp.

  • BirdLife International. 2004b. Threatened birds of the world 2004. CD ROM. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK.

  • Colorado Bird Observatory. 1996. DRAFT 1996 Status of Colorado Birds. Submitted to Colorado Division of Wildlife. December 31, 1996. 137 p.

  • DICKINSON, MARY B., ED. 1999. FIELD GUIDE TO THE BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA, 3RD ED. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY, WASHINGTON, D.C. 480 PP.

  • Day, D. 1981. Vanished Species. Gallery Books, New York, New York. 288 pp.

  • Lowery, George H. 1974. The Birds of Louisiana. LSU Press. 651pp.

  • Mirarchi, R.E., editor. 2004. Alabama Wildlife. Volume 1. A checklist of vertebrates and selected invertebrates: aquatic mollusks, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 209 pages.

  • Nicholson, C.P. 1997. Atlas of the breeding birds of Tennessee. The University of Tennessee Press. 426 pp.

  • Sibley, C.G., and B.L. Monroe, Jr. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT. xxiv + 1111 pp.

  • Snyder, N. F. R., and K. Russell. 2002. Carolina Parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis). In The Birds of North America, No. 667 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA, USA.

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Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
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