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Calamagrostis canadensis - Carex spp. Laurentian & Northeast Wet Meadow
Translated Name: Bluejoint - Sedge species Laurentian & Northeast Wet Meadow
Common Name: Laurentian & Northeast Bluejoint Wet Meadow
Unique Identifier: CEGL005448
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: This wet meadow vegetation is widespread in the Laurentian-Acadian and northeast regions of Canada and the United States. Stands occur on the floodplains of small streams, in poorly drained depressions, beaver meadows, levees and lakeshores. Soils are typically mineral soil or well-decomposed peat, with a thick root mat. Water regime varies between temporarily and seasonally flooded. Graminoid cover is typically dense and can form hummocky microtopography. Calamagrostis canadensis is dominant, often occurring in almost pure stands or with tall sedges, such as Carex aquatilis, Carex lacustris, Carex utriculata, and Carex stricta. In fen transitions, Carex lasiocarpa can be present. Agrostis gigantea, Glyceria grandis, Poa palustris, Poa compressa, Scirpus cyperinus, and Typha latifolia are sometimes abundant. Forbs include Campanula aparinoides, Epilobium leptophyllum, Eutrochium maculatum, Eupatorium perfoliatum, Impatiens capensis, Iris versicolor, Polygonum amphibium, and Comarum palustre. Scattered shrubs, such as Viburnum nudum, Viburnum dentatum, Spiraea alba, Cornus amomum, Alnus incana, or Alnus serrulata, may be present. Phalaris arundinacea and/or Lythrum salicaria may be present, especially in disturbed examples.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Low - Poorly Documented
Classification Comments: This type can grade into sedge meadows. A guideline of <50% sedges may be suggested as a criterion for the definition of this type compared to sedge meadow types. Harris et al. (1996) suggest that the bluejoint meadow type is drier than sedge meadows and less peaty than shore fens.

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 2 - Shrub & Herb Vegetation
Subclass 2.C - Shrub & Herb Wetland
Formation 2.C.4 - Temperate to Polar Freshwater Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Division 2.C.4.Nd - Eastern North American Temperate & Boreal Freshwater Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Macrogroup Eastern North American Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Group Laurentian-Acadian Wet Meadow & Shrub Swamp
Alliance Sedge - Bluejoint Wet Meadow

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL001474 Phalaris arundinacea Western Marsh
CEGL002257 Carex utriculata - Carex lacustris - (Carex vesicaria, Carex stricta) Wet Meadow
CEGL002258 Carex stricta - Carex spp. Wet Meadow
CEGL005249 Phleum pratense - (Calamagrostis canadensis) Ruderal Meadow
CEGL005449 Calamagrostis canadensis North-Central Wet Meadow
CEGL006044 Phalaris arundinacea Eastern Ruderal Marsh
CEGL006427 Calamagrostis canadensis - Doellingeria umbellata - Spartina pectinata Riverscour Wet Meadow
CEGL006519 Calamagrostis canadensis - Scirpus spp. - Dulichium arundinaceum Wet Meadow



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
Delaware Bluejoint Wet Meadow Equivalent Certain Coxe 2009
Maine Bluejoint meadow Broader   Gawler 2002
Massachusetts Shallow Emergent Marsh Broader   Swain and Kearsley 2001
Michigan Northern Wet Meadow Broader   Chapman et al. 1989
Minnesota Sedge Meadow Type Broader   Minnesota DNR 2005
Minnesota Sedge Meadow; Bluejoint Subtype Finer   Minnesota DNR 2005
Minnesota Seepage Meadow/Carr Type Undetermined   Minnesota DNR 2005
New Hampshire Tall graminoid meadow marsh Broader   Sperduto 2000
New York Shallow emergent marsh Broader   Edinger et al. 2002
Pennsylvania Bluejoint - reed canary grass marsh Broader   Fike 1999
Vermont Shallow Emergent Marsh Broader   Thompson and Sorenson 2000
West Virginia Calamagrostis canadensis Wet Meadow Equivalent Certain WVNHP unpubl. data
Wisconsin Northern sedge meadow Broader   WNHI 2011


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Calamagrostis canadensis - Phalaris arundinacea Herbaceous Vegetation
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Faber-Langendoen, D., editor. 2001. Plant communities of the Midwest: Classification in an ecological context. Association for Biodiversity Information, Arlington, VA. 61 pp. plus appendix (705 pp.).
Related Concept Name: Calamagrostis canadensis herbaceous community
Relationship: = - Equivalent
Reference: Walbridge, M. R., and G. E. Lang. 1982. Major plant communities and patterns of community distribution in four wetlands of the unglaciated Appalachian region. In: R. B. MacDonald, editor. Proceedings of the Symposium on Wetlands of the Unglaciated Appalachian Region. West Virginia University, Morgantown.
Related Concept Name: Calamagrostis canadensis meadow
Relationship: = - Equivalent
Reference: Walbridge, M. R. 1982. Vegetation patterning and community distribution in four high-elevation headwater wetlands in West Virginia. M.S. thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown.
Related Concept Name: Calamagrostis canadensis wet meadow
Relationship: = - Equivalent
Reference: Fortney, R. H. 1975. The vegetation of Canaan Valley, West Virginia: A taxonomic and ecological study. Ph.D. dissertation, University of West Virginia, Morgantown.
Related Concept Name: Canada bluejoint-tussock sedge meadow
Relationship: ? - Undetermined
Reference: CAP [Central Appalachian Forest Working Group]. 1998. Central Appalachian Working group discussions. The Nature Conservancy, Boston, MA.
Related Concept Name: SNE low-energy riverbank community
Relationship: ? - Undetermined
Reference: Rawinski, T. 1984a. Natural community description abstract - southern New England calcareous seepage swamp. Unpublished report. The Nature Conservancy, Boston, MA. 6 pp.

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES103.588 Eastern Boreal Floodplain
CES201.582 Laurentian-Acadian Wet Meadow-Shrub Swamp
CES205.687 Eastern Great Plains Wet Meadow, Prairie and Marsh


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G4G5 (04Jul2013)
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: CT, DE, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, VT, WI, WV
Canadian Province Distribution: QC
Global Distribution: Canada, United States

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Warm Continental Division
Province Name: Laurentian Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 212 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Fundy Coastal and Interior Section
Section Code: 212C Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Northern Glaciated Allegheny Plateau Section
Section Code: 212F Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Northern Unglaciated Allegheny Plateau Section
Section Code: 212G Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Northern Great Lakes Section
Section Code: 212H Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Lake Superior Section
Section Code: 212I Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Northern Superior Uplands Section
Section Code: 212L Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Northern Minnesota Drift and Lake Plains Section
Section Code: 212N Occurrence Status: Predicted or probable
Division Name: Warm Continental Regime Mountains
Province Name: Adirondack-New England Mixed Forest - Coniferous Forest - Alpine Meadow Province
Province Code: M212 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Vermont-New Hampshire Upland Section
Section Code: M212B Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Green, Taconic, Berkshire Mountain Section
Section Code: M212C Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Catskill Mountain Section
Section Code: M212E Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: Graminoid cover is typically dense and can form hummocky microtopography. Calamagrostis canadensis is dominant, often occurring in almost pure stands or with tall sedges, such as Carex aquatilis, Carex lacustris, Carex rostrata, and Carex stricta. In fen transitions, Carex lasiocarpa can be present. Agrostis gigantea (= Agrostis alba), Glyceria grandis, Poa palustris, Poa compressa, Scirpus cyperinus, and Typha latifolia are sometimes abundant. Forbs include Campanula aparinoides, Epilobium leptophyllum, Eutrochium maculatum (= Eupatorium maculatum), Eupatorium perfoliatum, Iris versicolor, Polygonum amphibium, and Comarum palustre (= Potentilla palustris). Scattered shrubs, such as Viburnum nudum, Viburnum dentatum, Spiraea alba, Cornus amomum, Alnus incana, or Alnus serrulata, may be present. Lythrum salicaria may be present, especially in disturbed examples.

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Calamagrostis canadensis G4 Graminoid Herb (field)  
 
 


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y
Environmental Summary: Stands occur on the floodplains of small streams, in poorly drained depressions, beaver meadows, levees and lakeshores. Soils are typically mineral soil or well-decomposed peat or peat silt loam with a thick root mat. Water regime varies between temporarily and seasonally flooded.


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): Northern Appalachian Planning Team
Element Description Edition Date: 04Jul2013
Element Description Author(s): D. Faber-Langendoen

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


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