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Schizachyrium scoparium - (Andropogon virginicus) - Solidago spp. Ruderal Meadow
Translated Name: Little Bluestem - (Broomsedge Bluestem) - Goldenrod species Ruderal Meadow
Common Name: Little Bluestem Old-field Meadow
Unique Identifier: CEGL006333
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: This broadly defined vegetation type includes old fields of well-drained soils, either sandy or shallow to bedrock. They are characterized by dominance of warm-season grasses. Schizachyrium scoparium is characteristic and nearly always present. Species composition is variable, depending on land-use history, but in general this vegetation is quite wide-ranging in northeastern and midwestern states. In addition to the nominal species, other associates may include Andropogon virginicus, Eragrostis spectabilis, Festuca rubra, Deschampsia flexuosa, Danthonia spicata, Nuttallanthus canadensis, Rubus flagellaris, Panicum virgatum, Dichanthelium depauperatum, Potentilla simplex, Dichanthelium meridionale, Dichanthelium dichotomum, Solidago rugosa, and Carex pensylvanica. Scattered shrubs are often present, including Comptonia peregrina, Morella pensylvanica, Gaylussacia baccata, and scattered tree saplings, such as Prunus serotina, Sassafras albidum, and Juniperus virginiana. Polytrichum juniperinum and other Polytrichum spp. are common bryophytes.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Moderate
Classification Comments: This type is distinguished, in theory, from the very similar Dactylis glomerata - Phleum pratense - Festuca spp. - Solidago spp. Ruderal Meadow (CEGL006107) by the dominance of warm-season grasses as opposed to cool-season grasses (Phleum, Festuca) dominating CEGL006107. Additional data will be required to see how this distinction holds up and what geographic differences might accompany such a distinction.

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 2 - Shrub & Herb Vegetation
Subclass 2.B - Temperate & Boreal Grassland & Shrubland
Formation 2.B.2 - Temperate Grassland & Shrubland
Division 2.B.2.Nc - Eastern North American Grassland & Shrubland
Macrogroup Eastern North American Ruderal Grassland & Shrubland
Group Eastern North American Ruderal Meadow & Shrubland
Alliance Northern & Central Ruderal Dry Old-field Meadow & Shrubland

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL004018 Phleum pratense - Bromus pubescens - Helenium autumnale Ruderal Meadow
CEGL004048 Schedonorus (arundinaceus, pratensis) Ruderal Grassland
CEGL006107 Dactylis glomerata - Phleum pratense - Festuca spp. - Solidago spp. Ruderal Meadow
CEGL006616 Panicum virgatum - (Andropogon virginicus) Ruderal Meadow



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
Massachusetts Cultural Grassland Broader   Swain and Kearsley 2000
New Jersey Schizachyrium scoparium - (Andropogon virginicus) - Solidago spp. Ruderal Herbaceous Vegetation Equivalent Certain Walz et al. 2008
New York Successional Old Field Broader Certain Edinger et al. 2002


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Sandy Fields
Relationship: = - Equivalent
Reference: House, H. D. 1917. The vegetation of the eastern end of Oneida Lake. New York State Museum Bulletin #197. Albany, NY. pp. 61-71.

Ecological Systems Placement

NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: GNA (19Jan2006)
Rounded Global Status: GNA - Not Applicable
Reasons: This vegetation type includes pasture and post-agricultural fields.

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: CT, MA, ME, MS, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, TN, VT
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: This vegetation is quite wide-ranging in northeastern and midwestern states, and possibly occurs at higher elevations in the southeastern states.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Warm Continental Division
Province Name: Laurentian Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 212 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Northern Glaciated Allegheny Plateau Section
Section Code: 212F Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Hot Continental Division
Province Name: Eastern Broadleaf Forest (Oceanic) Province
Province Code: 221 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Lower New England Section
Section Code: 221A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Hudson Valley Section
Section Code: 221B Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Province Name: Eastern Broadleaf Forest (Continental) Province
Province Code: 222 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Interior Low Plateau, Highland Rim Section
Section Code: 222E Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Erie and Ontario Lake Plain Section
Section Code: 222I Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Southeastern Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 231 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Coastal Plain Middle Section
Section Code: 231B Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Middle Atlantic Coastal Plain Section
Section Code: 232A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Coastal Plains and Flatwoods, Lower Section
Section Code: 232B Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: Schizachyrium scoparium is characteristic and nearly always present. Species composition is variable, depending on land-use history, but in general, this vegetation is quite wide-ranging in northeastern and midwestern states. In addition to the nominal species, other associates may include Andropogon virginicus, Eragrostis spectabilis, Festuca rubra, Deschampsia flexuosa, Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (= Centaurea maculosa), Danthonia spicata, Hypericum perforatum, Nuttallanthus canadensis (= Linaria canadensis), Rubus flagellaris, Panicum virgatum, Dichanthelium depauperatum (= Panicum depauperatum), Potentilla simplex, Dichanthelium meridionale (= Panicum meridionale), Dichanthelium dichotomum (= Panicum dichotomum), Solidago juncea, Solidago nemoralis, Solidago rugosa, Hieracium spp., and Carex pensylvanica. Scattered shrubs are often present, including Comptonia peregrina, Morella pensylvanica, Gaylussacia baccata, and scattered tree saplings, such as Prunus serotina, Sassafras albidum, and Juniperus virginiana.

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Rubus flagellaris GNA Dwarf-shrub Short shrub/sapling    
 
 
Solidago juncea GNA Flowering forb Herb (field)  
 
 
Solidago nemoralis GNA Flowering forb Herb (field)  
 
 
Solidago rugosa GNA Flowering forb Herb (field)  
 
 
Andropogon virginicus GNA Graminoid Herb (field)    
 
 
Panicum virgatum GNA Graminoid Herb (field)      
 
 
Schizachyrium scoparium GNA Graminoid Herb (field)  
 
 


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: N
Environmental Summary: This vegetation occurs on well-drained soils, either on sandy flats or on dry knolls with shallow soils. The vegetation arises spontaneously after soil disturbance.


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): L.A. Sneddon
Element Description Edition Date: 21Jun2006
Element Description Author(s): L.A. Sneddon and S.C. Gawler
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 19Jan2006
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author(s): L.A. Sneddon

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Eastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Boston, MA.

  • Edinger, G. J., A. L. Feldmann, T. G. Howard, J. J. Schmid, E. Eastman, E. Largay, and L. A. Sneddon. 2008a. Vegetation classification and mapping at Gateway National Recreation Area. Technical Report NPS/NER/NRTR--2008/107. National Park Service, Philadelphia, PA. 283 pp.

  • Edinger, G. J., A. L. Feldmann, T. G. Howard, J. J. Schmid, F. C. Sechler, E. Eastman, E. Largay, L. A. Sneddon, C. Lea, and J. Von Loh. 2014b. Vegetation inventory: Saratoga National Historical Park, New York. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/NETN/NRTR--2014/869, National Park Service, Fort Collins, CO.

  • Edinger, G. J., D. J. Evans, S. Gebauer, T. G. Howard, D. M. Hunt, and A. M. Olivero, editors. 2014a. Ecological communities of New York state. Second edition. A revised and expanded edition of Carol Reschke's ecological communities of New York state. New York Natural Heritage Program, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.

  • House, H. D. 1917. The vegetation of the eastern end of Oneida Lake. New York State Museum Bulletin #197. Albany, NY. pp. 61-71.

  • Largay, E. F., and L. A. Sneddon. 2017. Vegetation mapping and classification of Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area. Technical Report NPS/NER/NRTR--2017/1529. National Park Service, Fort Collins, CO.

  • Metzler, K. J., J. P. Barrett, T. E. Nosal, W. A. Millinor, and L. A. Sneddon. 2009. Vegetation classification and mapping at Weir Farm National Historic Site, Connecticut. Technical Report NPS/NER/NRTR--2008/130. National Park Service, Philadelphia, PA. 128 pp.

  • NRCS [Natural Resources Conservation Service]. 2001b. Soil survey of Gateway National Recreation Area, New York and New Jersey. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service and USDI National Park Service, Gateway National Recreation Area in partnership with Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station and New York City Soil and Water Conservation District.

  • NRCS [Natural Resources Conservation Service]. 2004a. Soil survey of Saratoga County, New York. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. 590 pp.

  • NatureServe. 2009. Vegetation of the E.B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge. International Ecological Classification Standard: Terrestrial Ecological Classifications. NatureServe Central Databases. Arlington, VA. U.S.A. Data current as of 1 December 2009.

  • Niering, W. A., R. H. Goodwin, and S. Taylor. 1970. Prescribed burning in southern New England. Introduction to long-range studies. Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference 10:267-286.

  • Nordman, C., M. Russo, and L. Smart. 2011. Vegetation types of the Natchez Trace Parkway, based on the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. NatureServe Central Databases (International Ecological Classification Standard: Terrestrial Ecological Classifications). Arlington, VA. Data current as of 11 April 2011. 548 pp.

  • Perles, S. J., G. S. Podniesinski, E. Eastman, L. A. Sneddon, and S. C. Gawler. 2007. Classification and mapping of vegetation and fire fuel models at Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. Technical Report NPS/NER/NRTR--2007/076. National Park Service, Philadelphia, PA. 2 volumes.

  • Perles, S. J., G. S. Podniesinski, M. Furedi, B. A. Eichelberger, A. Feldmann, G. Edinger, E. Eastman, and L. A. Sneddon. 2008. Vegetation classification and mapping at Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River. Technical Report NPS/NER/NRTR--2008/133. National Park Service, Philadelphia, PA. 370 pp.

  • Sneddon, L. A., Zaremba, R. E., and M. Adams. 2010. Vegetation classification and mapping at Cape Cod National Seashore, Massachusetts. Natural Resources Technical Report NPS/NER/NRTR--2010/147. National Park Service, Philadelphia, PA. 481 pp. [http://biology.usgs.gov/npsveg/caco/cacorpt.pdf]

  • Swain, P. C., and J. B. Kearsley. 2014. Classification of the natural communities of Massachusetts. Version 2.0. Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife. Westborough, MA. [http://www.mass.gov/nhesp/http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/dfg/dfw/natural-heritage/natural-communities/classification-of-natural-communities.html]

  • Walz, K. S., K. H. Anderson, L. C. Kelly, A. G. Windisch, and M. C. Wong. 2008. New Jersey ecological community crosswalk: A tool for the identification of habitats across jurisdictional boundaries. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Parks and Forestry, Office of Natural Lands Management, Natural Heritage Program, Trenton.


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