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Liriodendron tulipifera - Pinus taeda Ruderal Forest
Translated Name: Tuliptree - Loblolly Pine Ruderal Forest
Common Name: Ruderal Upland Tuliptree - Loblolly Pine Forest
Unique Identifier: CEGL007521
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: The initial USNVC description of this semi-natural tuliptree - loblolly pine forest was based on sites in the Piedmont of South Carolina, but it has since been documented in Virginia, Georgia and Alabama, and is almost certainly present in other parts of the Piedmont. The vegetation develops on slopes following cropping. This forest is strongly dominated by Liriodendron tulipifera and Pinus taeda which together contribute more than 75% canopy cover. Other canopy species include Liquidambar styraciflua and Acer rubrum. Cornus florida sometimes occurs in the subcanopy, and vines such as Lonicera japonica (exotic), Smilax rotundifolia and Toxicodendron radicans may be abundant. The understory and ground layers are very sparse with much open ground present. The invasive exotic Microstegium vimineum may be present in the herbaceous layer.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Low - Poorly Documented

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 1 - Forest & Woodland
Subclass 1.B - Temperate & Boreal Forest & Woodland
Formation 1.B.1 - Warm Temperate Forest & Woodland
Division 1.B.1.Na - Southeastern North American Forest & Woodland
Macrogroup Southeastern North American Ruderal Forest
Group Southeastern Native Ruderal Forest
Alliance Ruderal Loblolly Pine - Tuliptree - Sweetgum Forest

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL007184 Liriodendron tulipifera - Acer negundo Ruderal Forest
CEGL007220 Liriodendron tulipifera / (Cercis canadensis) / (Lindera benzoin) Ruderal Forest
CEGL008462 Pinus taeda - Liquidambar styraciflua Ruderal Forest



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: IF3a. Recently Harvested Timber Land
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Allard, D. J. 1990. Southeastern United States ecological community classification. Interim report, Version 1.2. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Chapel Hill, NC. 96 pp.
Related Concept Name: Loblolly Pine - Hardwood: 82
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.
Related Concept Name: Yellow poplar (50)
Relationship: ? - Undetermined
Reference: USFS [U.S. Forest Service]. 1988. Silvicultural examination and prescription field book. USDA Forest Service, Southern Region. Atlanta, GA. 35 pp.
Related Concept Name: Yellow-Poplar: 57
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

Ecological Systems Placement

NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: GNA (11May2001)
Rounded Global Status: GNA - Not Applicable
Reasons: A successional type, not of conservation value, but dominated by species native to North America (Grank changed from GW).

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: AL, FLpotentially occurs, GA, MSpotentially occurs, NCpotentially occurs, SC, TNpotentially occurs, VA
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: This association is known from the Piedmont of South Carolina, but is likely to be found in the North Carolina and Georgia Piedmont, as well the coastal plains. It also occurs in Virginia and Alabama and is likely in Tennessee.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Hot Continental Division
Province Name: Eastern Broadleaf Forest (Continental) Province
Province Code: 222 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Southeastern Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 231 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: Stands of this forest community are strongly dominated by Liriodendron tulipifera and Pinus taeda which together contribute more than 75% canopy cover. Other canopy species include Liquidambar styraciflua and Acer rubrum. The understory and ground layers are very sparse with much open ground present. Cornus florida sometimes occurs in the subcanopy, and vines such as Lonicera japonica (exotic), Smilax rotundifolia and Toxicodendron radicans may be abundant. The understory and ground layers are very sparse with much open ground present. The invasive exotic Microstegium vimineum may be present in the herbaceous layer.

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Acer rubrum GNA Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Carya alba GNA Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Liquidambar styraciflua GNA Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Liriodendron tulipifera GNA Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Quercus falcata GNA Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Pinus taeda GNA Needle-leaved tree Tree canopy    
 
 
Cercis canadensis GNA Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree subcanopy    
 
 
Cornus florida GNA Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree subcanopy    
 
 
Lonicera japonica GNA Liana Shrub/sapling (tall & short)      
 
 
Smilax rotundifolia GNA Liana Shrub/sapling (tall & short)    
 
 
Polystichum acrostichoides GNA Fern (Spore-bearing forb) Herb (field)    
 
 


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: N
Environmental Summary: This successional forest community develops on slopes following cropping. The specific documented occurrences on the Sumter National Forest, South Carolina, have developed on former cotton fields of lower to midslopes, where soils usually have 60-70% sand.


Dynamic Processes

Dynamics: This community would rarely, if ever, be subjected to floodwaters. The dominant species could be expected to withstand light fire, but the community is not fire-resistant. Successional dynamics of this community are not know, but it is expected that succession would lead to a dry-mesic to mesic community dominated by species of Quercus and Carya.


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): S. Landaal
Element Description Edition Date: 23Jul2007
Element Description Author(s): S. Landaal, M. Pyne and L.A. Sneddon
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 11May2001
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author(s): M. Pyne

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Allard, D. J. 1990. Southeastern United States ecological community classification. Interim report, Version 1.2. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Chapel Hill, NC. 96 pp.

  • Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

  • Patterson, K. D. 2008c. Vegetation classification and mapping at Colonial National Historical Park, Virginia. Technical Report NPS/NER/NRTR--2008/129. National Park Service, Philadelphia, PA. 369 pp.

  • Schotz, Al. Personal communication. Community Ecologist. Alabama Natural Heritage Program. Huntingdon College, Massey Hall, 1500 East Fairview Avenue, Montgomery, AL 36106-2148.

  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.

  • TDNH [Tennessee Division of Natural Heritage]. No date. Unpublished data. Tennessee Division of Natural Heritage, Nashville, TN.

  • USFS [U.S. Forest Service]. 1988. Silvicultural examination and prescription field book. USDA Forest Service, Southern Region. Atlanta, GA. 35 pp.


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