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Pinus taeda Riparian Forest
Translated Name: Loblolly Pine Riparian Forest
Unique Identifier: CEGL007142
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: These Pinus taeda stands, with few to no hardwoods, occur on higher ridges in floodplains and develop following natural disturbance. Stands are dominated by Pinus taeda. Associated species vary with geography and floodplain position, but include Quercus lyrata, Quercus laurifolia, Quercus nigra, Quercus phellos, Quercus michauxii, Celtis laevigata, Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Liquidambar styraciflua, and Nyssa biflora. In Oklahoma, associates include Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Quercus falcata, Quercus shumardii, Ulmus americana, Carpinus caroliniana, Crataegus marshallii, Ilex opaca, Morus rubra, Nyssa biflora, Arundinaria gigantea, Berchemia scandens, Carex lupulina, and Chasmanthium sessiliflorum.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Low - Poorly Documented

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 1 - Forest & Woodland
Subclass 1.B - Temperate & Boreal Forest & Woodland
Formation 1.B.3 - Temperate Flooded & Swamp Forest
Division 1.B.3.Nb - Southeastern North American Flooded & Swamp Forest
Macrogroup Southern Coastal Plain Floodplain Forest
Group Oak - Sweetgum Floodplain Forest
Alliance Coastal Plain Oak - Loblolly Pine Riparian Forest

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
Alabama Pinus taeda Temporarily Flooded Forest Equivalent Certain Schotz pers. comm.
Louisiana Small Stream Forest Broader   Smith 1996
Oklahoma Pinus taeda - Fraxinus pennsylvanica - Ulmus americana/Chasmanthium sessiliflorum forest association Undetermined   Hoagland 2000


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Loblolly Pine - Hardwood: 82
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.
Related Concept Name: Small Stream Forest
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Smith, L. M., compiler. 1996a. Natural plant communities in Louisiana currently recognized by the Louisiana Natural Heritage Program. Unpublished document. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. 2 pp.

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES203.066 Southern Atlantic Coastal Plain Large River Floodplain Forest
CES203.487 West Gulf Coastal Plain Small Stream and River Forest
CES203.559 East Gulf Coastal Plain Small Stream and River Floodplain Forest


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G4? (19Sep2001)
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: AL, ARpotentially occurs, GA, LA, MS, NC, OK, SC, TX
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: Found in the Coastal Plain of the southeastern United States from North Carolina to Texas, north to southeastern Oklahoma.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Southeastern Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 231 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Southern Appalachian Piedmont Section
Section Code: 231A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Coastal Plains and Flatwoods, Lower Section
Section Code: 232B Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Atlantic Coastal Flatwoods Section
Section Code: 232C Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: Stands are dominated by Pinus taeda. Associated species vary with geography and floodplain position, but include Quercus lyrata, Quercus laurifolia, Quercus nigra, Quercus phellos, Quercus michauxii, Celtis laevigata, Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Liquidambar styraciflua, and Nyssa biflora. In Oklahoma, associates include Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Quercus falcata, Quercus shumardii, Ulmus americana, Carpinus caroliniana, Crataegus marshallii, Ilex opaca, Morus rubra, Nyssa biflora, Arundinaria gigantea, Berchemia scandens, Carex lupulina, and Chasmanthium sessiliflorum.


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y
Environmental Summary: These stands occur on higher ridges in floodplains.


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): Southeastern Ecology Group
Element Description Edition Date: 26Nov1997
Element Description Author(s): Southeastern Ecology Group
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 19Sep2001

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Blair, W. F., and T. H. Hubbell. 1938. The biotic districts of Oklahoma. The American Midland Naturalist 20:425-454.

  • Duck, L. G., and J. B. Fletcher. 1945. A survey of the game and furbearing animals of Oklahoma; chapter 2, The game types of Oklahoma. Oklahoma Game and Fish Commission, Division of Wildlife Restoration and Research, Oklahoma City.

  • Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

  • Hoagland, B. 2000. The vegetation of Oklahoma: A classification for landscape mapping and conservation planning. The Southwestern Naturalist 45(4):385-420.

  • LNHP [Louisiana Natural Heritage Program]. 2009. Natural communities of Louisiana. Louisiana Natural Heritage Program, Louisiana Department of Wildlife & Fisheries, Baton Rouge. 46 pp. [http://www.wlf.louisiana.gov/sites/default/files/pdf/page_wildlife/6776-Rare%20Natural%20Communities/LA_NAT_COM.pdf]

  • Schotz, Al. Personal communication. Community Ecologist. Alabama Natural Heritage Program. Huntingdon College, Massey Hall, 1500 East Fairview Avenue, Montgomery, AL 36106-2148.

  • Smith, L. M., compiler. 1996a. Natural plant communities in Louisiana currently recognized by the Louisiana Natural Heritage Program. Unpublished document. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. 2 pp.

  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.


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