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Acer rubrum var. trilobum / Morella caroliniensis - Gaylussacia frondosa / Andropogon glomeratus - (Sarracenia flava) Seep Woodland
Translated Name: Carolina Red Maple / Southern Bayberry - Blue Huckleberry / Bushy Bluestem - (Yellow Pitcherplant) Seep Woodland
Common Name: Uwharrie Mountains Acidic Seep Woodland
Unique Identifier: CEGL004781
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: These seasonally saturated, open-canopied, acidic seeps are found in the Uwharrie Mountains portion of the Piedmont of North Carolina, where they are part of a hillside seepage bog complex. The vegetation is patchy with areas of open canopy and areas with no canopy. Shrubs may be sparse to dense. Canopy species include Acer rubrum var. trilobum, Liquidambar styraciflua, Nyssa sylvatica, Oxydendrum arboreum, Liriodendron tulipifera, Nyssa biflora, Pinus palustris, and Pinus taeda. Morella caroliniensis (= Myrica heterophylla), Gaylussacia frondosa (= var. frondosa), Vaccinium formosum, Viburnum rufidulum, Alnus serrulata, and Photinia pyrifolia (= Aronia arbutifolia) occur in the shrub layers. The herb layer may contain Andropogon glomeratus, Calamovilfa brevipilis, Symphyotrichum dumosum var. dumosum (= Aster dumosus var. dumosus), Danthonia spicata, Eupatorium leucolepis var. leucolepis, Eupatorium rotundifolium, Hypericum setosum, Osmunda cinnamomea var. cinnamomea, Panicum virgatum, Pogonia ophioglossoides, Polygala lutea, Sarracenia flava, Sarracenia purpurea var. purpurea (= Sarracenia purpurea ssp. venosa), Sarracenia x catesbaei, Scleria triglomerata, Smilax laurifolia, Solidago stricta, Sphagnum spp., and Xyris ambigua among other species.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Moderate

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 1 - Forest & Woodland
Subclass 1.B - Temperate & Boreal Forest & Woodland
Formation 1.B.3 - Temperate Flooded & Swamp Forest
Division 1.B.3.Na - Eastern North American-Great Plains Flooded & Swamp Forest
Macrogroup Central Hardwood Swamp Forest
Group Central Interior-Appalachian Seepage Swamp
Alliance Appalachian-Piedmont Red Maple - Blackgum Seepage Forest

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL006499 Alnus serrulata - Magnolia virginiana / Eupatorium pilosum - Rhynchospora gracilenta - Xyris torta Shrubland



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
North Carolina Hillside Seepage Bog Equivalent Certain Schafale 2012


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Hillside Seepage Bog
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.
Related Concept Name: IIA9a. Forested Mountain Seep
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Allard, D. J. 1990. Southeastern United States ecological community classification. Interim report, Version 1.2. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Chapel Hill, NC. 96 pp.
Related Concept Name: Red Maple: 108
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES202.298 Piedmont Seepage Wetland


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G2 (14Dec1998)
Rounded Global Status: G2 - Imperiled
Reasons: This community represents rare seepage bogs in the lower Piedmont of North Carolina. These seepage bogs apparently occurred in a landscape of fire-maintained communities and were embedded in Piedmont longleaf pine woodlands. Few examples remain, and nearly all of these are degraded in quality and condition by fire exclusion.

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: NC
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: This type is found in the Uwharrie Mountains portion of the Piedmont of North Carolina.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Southeastern Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 231 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Southern Appalachian Piedmont Section
Section Code: 231A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: Canopy species include Acer rubrum var. trilobum, Liquidambar styraciflua, Nyssa sylvatica, Oxydendrum arboreum, Liriodendron tulipifera, Nyssa biflora, Pinus palustris, and Pinus taeda. Morella caroliniensis (= Myrica heterophylla), Gaylussacia frondosa (= var. frondosa), Vaccinium formosum, Viburnum rufidulum, Alnus serrulata, and Photinia pyrifolia (= Aronia arbutifolia) occur in the shrub layers. The herb layer may contain Andropogon glomeratus, Calamovilfa brevipilis, Symphyotrichum dumosum var. dumosum (= Aster dumosus var. dumosus), Danthonia spicata, Eupatorium leucolepis var. leucolepis, Eupatorium rotundifolium, Hypericum setosum, Osmunda cinnamomea var. cinnamomea, Panicum virgatum, Pogonia ophioglossoides, Polygala lutea, Sarracenia flava, Sarracenia purpurea var. purpurea (= Sarracenia purpurea ssp. venosa), Sarracenia x catesbaei, Scleria triglomerata, Smilax laurifolia, Solidago stricta, Sphagnum spp., and Xyris ambigua, among other species.

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Acer rubrum var. trilobum G2 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy  
 
 
Gaylussacia frondosa G2 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Short shrub/sapling  
 
 
Morella caroliniensis G2 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Short shrub/sapling  
 
 
Sarracenia flava G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)    
 
 
Andropogon glomeratus G2 Graminoid Herb (field)  
 
 


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y
Environmental Summary: These seasonally saturated, open-canopied, acidic seeps are part of a hillside seepage bog complex.


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): R.K. Peet and A.S. Weakley
Element Description Edition Date: 28Mar2003
Element Description Author(s): R.K. Peet and A.S. Weakley
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 14Dec1998
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author(s): A.S. Weakley

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Allard, D. J. 1990. Southeastern United States ecological community classification. Interim report, Version 1.2. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Chapel Hill, NC. 96 pp.

  • Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

  • Peet, R. K., T. R. Wentworth, M. P. Schafale, and A.S. Weakley. No date. Unpublished data of the North Carolina Vegetation Survey. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

  • Schafale, M. P. 2012. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina, 4th Approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.

  • Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.

  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.


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