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Inland Freshwater Strand Beach Sparse Vegetation
Translated Name: Inland Freshwater Strand Beach Sparse Vegetation
Common Name: Inland Freshwater Strand Beach
Unique Identifier: CEGL002310
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: This freshwater inland lake beach occurs throughout the upper midwestern and northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. Stands may be most common on sandy outwash plains, where lakes are large enough to be affected by wave action or annual fluctuations in water level. Stands are found in the lower beach zone, which has submergent and floating-leaved aquatics tolerant of stranding. Species composition of this type needs to be described; in Pennsylvania the Lake Erie shore is characterized by Ammophila breviligulata, Cakile edentula, Elymus canadensis, Lathyrus japonicus, Argentina anserina (= Potentilla anserina), and Xanthium strumarium.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Low
Classification Comments: Extent of this type in the region is not well known. Many inland lakes in the region do not have sparsely vegetated beaches.

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 2 - Shrub & Herb Vegetation
Subclass 2.B - Temperate & Boreal Grassland & Shrubland
Formation 2.B.4 - Temperate to Polar Scrub & Herb Coastal Vegetation
Division 2.B.4.Na - Eastern North American Coastal Scrub & Herb Vegetation
Macrogroup Eastern North American Coastal Beach & Rocky Shore
Group Eastern North American Inland Beach & Rocky Shore
Alliance Inland Lake Strand Beach

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL002313 Lake Mudflats Sparse Vegetation



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
Indiana Wetland - flat sand Undetermined   Homoya et al. 1988
Maine Lakeshore sand / cobble beach Equivalent   Gawler 2002
Minnesota Sand Beach (Inland Lake) Type Equivalent   Minnesota DNR 2005
New York Inland Calcareous Lake Shore Intersects Certain Edinger et al. 2002
New York Inland Non-Calcareous Lake Shore Intersects   Edinger et al. 2002
New York Sand Beach Undetermined   Edinger et al. 2002
Pennsylvania Great Lakes region sparsely vegetated beach Intersects   Fike 1999
Vermont Lake Sand Beach Broader   Thompson and Sorenson 2000
Wisconsin Inland beach Broader   WNHI 2011


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Inland Freshwater Strand Beach Sparse Vegetation
Relationship: = - Equivalent
Reference: Faber-Langendoen, D., editor. 2001. Plant communities of the Midwest: Classification in an ecological context. Association for Biodiversity Information, Arlington, VA. 61 pp. plus appendix (705 pp.).
Related Concept Name: Lake Beach (Inland Section) Sand Subtype
Relationship: = - Equivalent
Reference: MNNHP [Minnesota Natural Heritage Program]. 1993. Minnesota's native vegetation: A key to natural communities. Version 1.5. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Natural Heritage Program, St. Paul, MN. 110 pp.

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES201.586 Laurentian-Acadian Lakeshore Beach


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G4G5 (03Oct1996)
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: INpotentially occurs, ME, MI, MN, NY, PA, VT, WI
Canadian Province Distribution: MB, ON, SK
Global Distribution: Canada, United States
Global Range: This freshwater inland lake beach occurs locally throughout the upper midwestern and northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ranging from Minnesota and Saskatchewan southeastward to Indiana and northeastward to Vermont and Ontario.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Warm Continental Division
Province Name: Laurentian Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 212 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Northern Great Lakes Section
Section Code: 212H Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Southern Superior Uplands Section
Section Code: 212J Occurrence Status: Predicted or probable
Section Name: Western Superior Uplands Section
Section Code: 212K Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Northern Minnesota and Ontario Section
Section Code: 212M Occurrence Status: Possible
Section Name: Northern Minnesota Drift and Lake Plains Section
Section Code: 212N Occurrence Status: Predicted or probable
Division Name: Hot Continental Division
Province Name: Eastern Broadleaf Forest (Continental) Province
Province Code: 222 Occurrence Status: Possible


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: The lower beach zone has submergent and floating-leaved aquatics tolerant of stranding (MNNHP 1993). The upper beach zone has both perennial graminoids tolerant of inundation and erosion and annual species. Species composition of this type needs to be described. In Pennsylvania the Lake Erie shore is characterized by Ammophila breviligulata, Cakile edentula, Elymus canadensis, Lathyrus japonicus, Argentina anserina (= Potentilla anserina), and Xanthium strumarium.


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: N
Environmental Summary: Stands may be most common on sandy outwash plains (MNNHP 1993), presumably where lakes are large enough to be affected by wave action or annual fluctuations in water level.


Dynamic Processes

Dynamics: Wave action and annual fluctuations in water level disturb these sandy beaches.


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): D. Faber-Langendoen (2001)
Element Description Edition Date: 17Feb2012
Element Description Author(s): D. Faber-Langendoen and L.A. Sneddon
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 03Oct1996

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Edinger, G. J., D. J. Evans, S. Gebauer, T. G. Howard, D. M. Hunt, and A. M. Olivero, editors. 2014a. Ecological communities of New York state. Second edition. A revised and expanded edition of Carol Reschke's ecological communities of New York state. New York Natural Heritage Program, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.

  • Faber-Langendoen, D., editor. 2001. Plant communities of the Midwest: Classification in an ecological context. Association for Biodiversity Information, Arlington, VA. 61 pp. plus appendix (705 pp.).

  • Gawler, S. C. 2002. Natural landscapes of Maine: A guide to vegetated natural communities and ecosystems. Maine Natural Areas Program, Department of Conservation, Augusta, ME.

  • Gawler, S. C., and A. Cutko. 2010. Natural landscapes of Maine: A classification of vegetated natural communities and ecosystems. Maine Natural Areas Program, Department of Conservation, Augusta.

  • Greenall, J. A. 1996. Manitoba's terrestrial plant communities. MS Report 96-02. Manitoba Conservation Data Centre, Winnipeg.

  • Homoya, M. A., J. Aldrich, J. Bacone, L. Casebere, and T. Post. 1988. Indiana natural community classification. Indiana Natural Heritage Program, Indianapolis, IN. Unpublished manuscript.

  • Hop, K., S. Menard, J. Drake, S. Lubinski, and J. Dieck. 2010c. National Park Service Vegetation Inventory Program: Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Michigan. Natural Resource Report NPS/GLKN/NRR-2010/201. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado. 358 pp.

  • MNNHP [Minnesota Natural Heritage Program]. 1993. Minnesota's native vegetation: A key to natural communities. Version 1.5. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Natural Heritage Program, St. Paul, MN. 110 pp.

  • Midwestern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Minneapolis, MN.

  • Minnesota DNR [Minnesota Department of Natural Resources]. 2003-2005a. Field guide to the native plant communities of Minnesota. Three volumes: The Laurentian Mixed Forest Province (2003), The Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province (2005c), The Prairie Parkland and Tallgrass Aspen Parklands provinces (2005b). Ecological Land Classification Program, Minnesota County Biological Survey, and Natural Heritage and Nongame Research Program. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul.

  • Minnesota DNR [Minnesota Department of Natural Resources]. 2005c. Field guide to the native plant communities of Minnesota: The Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province. Ecological Land Classification Program, Minnesota County Biological Survey, and Natural Heritage and Nongame Research Program. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul.

  • Thompson, E. H., and E. R. Sorenson. 2005. Wetland, woodland, wildland: A guide to the natural communities of Vermont. The Nature Conservancy and the Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife. University Press of New England, Hanover, NH. 456 pp.

  • WDNR [Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources]. 2015. The ecological landscapes of Wisconsin: An assessment of ecological resources and a guide to planning sustainable management. PUB-SS-1131 2015. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison. [http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/landscapes/Book.html]

  • Zimmerman, E. A. 2011v. Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program. Great Lakes Sparsely Vegetated Shore Factsheet. [http://www.naturalheritage.state.pa.us/Community.aspx?=16077] (accessed February 14, 2012)

  • Zimmerman, E. A., T. Davis, M. A. Furedi, B. Eichelberger, J. McPherson, S. Seymour, G. Podniesinski, N. Dewar, and J. Wagner, editors. 2012. Terrestrial and palustrine plant communities of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program, Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Harrisburg. [http://www.naturalheritage.state.pa.us/Communities.aspx]


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