NatureServe Explorer logo.An Online Encyclopedia of Life
Search
Ecological Association Comprehensive Report: Record 1 of 1 selected.
See All Search Results    View Glossary
<< Previous | Next >>

Quercus pagoda - Quercus michauxii / Arundinaria gigantea ssp. tecta - Sabal minor / Chasmanthium laxum Wet Flatwoods Forest
Translated Name: Cherrybark Oak - Swamp Chestnut Oak / Switch Cane - Dwarf Palmetto / Slender Woodoats Wet Flatwoods Forest
Common Name: Atlantic Coastal Plain Wet Oak Flatwoods Forest
Unique Identifier: CEGL007849
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: This oak flat forest occurs on moist to wet flats in interstream divides in regions of very subdued topographic relief in the outer Coastal Plain of South Carolina and likely Georgia. These communities never receive overland flooding from streams or rivers, though they may be affected by hurricane events. Quercus pagoda and Quercus michauxii are two of the most common canopy trees and characterize the community. Other canopy trees are Quercus alba, Quercus virginiana, Quercus laurifolia, Quercus nigra, Liquidambar styraciflua, Acer rubrum, Pinus taeda, and Pinus glabra. The subcanopy is not a well-developed stratum. The shrub stratum varies from dense to scattered and is characterized by Arundinaria gigantea ssp. tecta and Sabal minor, which may dominate alone or in combination, but both are almost always present. Other shrubs include Morella cerifera (= Myrica cerifera var. cerifera), Symplocos tinctoria, Bignonia capreolata, and sometimes minor amounts of Ilex glabra, Lyonia lucida, Leucothoe axillaris, and Leucothoe racemosa. The herb stratum is usually dominated by Chasmanthium laxum, sometimes also with substantial Chasmanthium sessiliflorum. Other herbs are Osmunda cinnamomea, Woodwardia areolata, Juncus coriaceus, and Mitchella repens. Patches of Sphagnum spp., especially Sphagnum lescurii occur in slight depressions. Hydrologically, the community lies near the conceptual boundary of upland and saturated communities; because of the very subdued topography, the water table is never far from the surface, and the ground is saturated for extended periods of time during the growing season.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Low
Classification Comments: Examples occur at Nemours Plantation (Beaufort County, South Carolina).

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 1 - Forest & Woodland
Subclass 1.B - Temperate & Boreal Forest & Woodland
Formation 1.B.3 - Temperate Flooded & Swamp Forest
Division 1.B.3.Nb - Southeastern North American Flooded & Swamp Forest
Macrogroup Southern Coastal Plain Basin Swamp & Flatwoods
Group Hardwood - Loblolly Pine Nonriverine Wet Flatwoods
Alliance Coastal Plain Nonriverine Oak Wet Flatwoods Forest

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.



Related Concepts from Other Classifications


Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES203.304 Southern Atlantic Coastal Plain Nonriverine Swamp and Wet Hardwood Forest


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G2? (29Dec1998)
Rounded Global Status: G2 - Imperiled
Reasons: This community appears to be rare, being restricted to wet flats in the outer Coastal Plain of South Carolina and possibly Georgia. It was probably never common but has often been converted to agriculture or to intensive silvicultural (pine plantation) uses. More information is needed.

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: GApotentially occurs, SC
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: This oak flat forest occurs in the outer Coastal Plain of South Carolina and likely Georgia.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Atlantic Coastal Flatwoods Section
Section Code: 232C Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: Quercus pagoda and Quercus michauxii are two of the most common canopy trees and characterize the community. Other canopy trees are Quercus alba, Quercus virginiana, Quercus laurifolia, Quercus nigra, Liquidambar styraciflua, Acer rubrum, Pinus taeda, and Pinus glabra. The subcanopy is not a well-developed stratum. The shrub stratum varies from dense to scattered and is characterized by Arundinaria gigantea ssp. tecta and Sabal minor, which may dominate alone or in combination, but both are almost always present. Other shrubs include Morella cerifera (= Myrica cerifera var. cerifera), Symplocos tinctoria, Bignonia capreolata, and sometimes minor amounts of Ilex glabra, Lyonia lucida, Leucothoe axillaris, and Leucothoe racemosa. The herb stratum is usually dominated by Chasmanthium laxum, sometimes also with substantial Chasmanthium sessiliflorum. Other herbs are Osmunda cinnamomea, Woodwardia areolata, Juncus coriaceus, and Mitchella repens. Patches of Sphagnum spp., especially Sphagnum lescurii occur in slight depressions.

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Quercus michauxii G2 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy  
 
 
Quercus pagoda G2 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy  
 
 
Arundinaria gigantea ssp. tecta G2 Bamboo tree Tall shrub/sapling  
 
 
Sabal minor G2 Palm shrub Short shrub/sapling  
 
 
Chasmanthium laxum G2 Graminoid Herb (field)  
 
 


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y
Environmental Summary: This oak flat forest occurs on moist to wet flats in interstream divides in regions of very subdued topographic relief in the outer Coastal Plain of South Carolina and likely Georgia. These communities never receive overland flooding from streams or rivers, though they may be affected by hurricane events.


Dynamic Processes

Dynamics: Hydrologically, the community lies near the conceptual boundary of upland and saturated communities; because of the very subdued topography, the water table is never far from the surface, and the ground is saturated for extended periods of time during the growing season.


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): A.S. Weakley
Element Description Edition Date: 29Dec1998
Element Description Author(s): A.S. Weakley
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 29Dec1998
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author(s): A.S. Weakley

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.


Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of November 2016.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2017 NatureServe, 4600 N. Fairfax Dr., 7th Floor, Arlington Virginia 22203, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2017. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.

Copyright 2017
NatureServe
Version 7.1 (2 February 2009)
Data last updated: November 2016