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Pinus rigida / Chamaedaphne calyculata / Sphagnum spp. Swamp Woodland
Translated Name: Pitch Pine / Leatherleaf / Peatmoss species Swamp Woodland
Common Name: Pitch Pine Bog
Unique Identifier: CEGL006194
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: This association comprises pitch pine bogs of the Northeast. It is characterized by an open canopy of Pinus rigida with an understory of ericaceous shrubs such as Chamaedaphne calyculata. Sphagnum mosses form a dense mat. Canopy associates include Acer rubrum, Betula populifolia, and Nyssa sylvatica. Other shrubs include Vaccinium corymbosum, Kalmia angustifolia, Aronia melanocarpa, Vaccinium myrtilloides, and Gaylussacia baccata. Eriophorum spp., Scirpus spp., Calopogon tuberosus, Vaccinium macrocarpon, Rhynchospora alba, Drosera rotundifolia, Drosera intermedia, and Carex trisperma are typical herbs. Other herbs are Cornus canadensis, Gaultheria procumbens, Pteridium aquilinum, Osmunda cinnamomea, Maianthemum canadense, and Trientalis borealis. This type occurs on acidic soils in poorly drained depressions or basins that may have deep accumulation of peat. Often found, but not exclusively, in proximity to upland sandplain pine barrens.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Low

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 1 - Forest & Woodland
Subclass 1.B - Temperate & Boreal Forest & Woodland
Formation 1.B.3 - Temperate Flooded & Swamp Forest
Division 1.B.3.Na - Eastern North American-Great Plains Flooded & Swamp Forest
Macrogroup Central Hardwood Swamp Forest
Group Northern Atlantic Coastal Swamp
Alliance Pitch Pine Swamp Woodland

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL006022 Pinus rigida / Vaccinium myrtilloides / Sphagnum spp. Swamp Woodland
CEGL006587 Pinus rigida - Picea rubens / Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides / Sphagnum spp. Swamp Woodland
CEGL007056 Pinus rigida / Osmunda cinnamomea - Carex stricta - Eriophorum virginicum / Sphagnum spp. Swamp Woodland



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
Connecticut Picea mariana / Nemopanthus mucronata community Broader   Metzler and Barrett 2006
Maine Pitch pine bog Equivalent   Gawler 2002
New Hampshire Pitch pine - heath swamp Equivalent   Sperduto and Nichols 2004
New York Pitch pine-blueberry peat swamp Equivalent   Edinger et al. 2002
Vermont Pitch Pine Woodland Bog Equivalent   Thompson and Sorenson 2000


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Pitch Pine - Leatherleaf Lowland (PL1)
Relationship: F - Finer
Reference: Windisch, A .G. 2014a. Pinelands ecological communities and higher level groups with crosswalk / proposed 2008 revisions to NVC. November 16, 2014 draft. New Jersey Natural Heritage Program, Trenton.
Related Concept Name: Pitch Pine Lowland Forest
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Breden, T. F. 1989. A preliminary natural community classification for New Jersey. Pages 157-191 in: E. F. Karlin, editor. New Jersey's rare and endangered plants and animals. Institute for Environmental Studies, Ramapo College, Mahwah, NJ. 280 pp.

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES202.606 North-Central Interior and Appalachian Acidic Peatland
CES203.374 Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain Pitch Pine Lowland
CES203.893 Atlantic Coastal Plain Northern Bog


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G3G5 (01Dec1997)
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: CT, MApotentially occurs, ME, NH, NJ, NY, RIpotentially occurs, VT
Canadian Province Distribution: QCpotentially occurs
Global Distribution: Canada, United States
Global Range: Currently described from Maine, Vermont, and New York, but possibly occurs sporadically within the Northeast.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Warm Continental Division
Province Name: Laurentian Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 212 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: St. Lawrence and Champlain Valley Section
Section Code: 212E Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Northern Glaciated Allegheny Plateau Section
Section Code: 212F Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Hot Continental Division
Province Name: Eastern Broadleaf Forest (Oceanic) Province
Province Code: 221 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Lower New England Section
Section Code: 221A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Hudson Valley Section
Section Code: 221B Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Middle Atlantic Coastal Plain Section
Section Code: 232A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Warm Continental Regime Mountains
Province Name: Adirondack-New England Mixed Forest - Coniferous Forest - Alpine Meadow Province
Province Code: M212 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Catskill Mountain Section
Section Code: M212E Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation


Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Pinus rigida G4 Needle-leaved tree Tree canopy  
 
 
Chamaedaphne calyculata G4 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Short shrub/sapling  
 
 


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y
Environmental Summary: This association occurs in shallow, poorly drained depressions or basins on deep peat or shallow peat over sandy mineral soil.


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): S.L. Neid
Element Description Edition Date: 09May2002
Element Description Author(s): S.L. Neid

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Breden, T. F. 1989. A preliminary natural community classification for New Jersey. Pages 157-191 in: E. F. Karlin, editor. New Jersey's rare and endangered plants and animals. Institute for Environmental Studies, Ramapo College, Mahwah, NJ. 280 pp.

  • Breden, T. F., Y. R. Alger, K. S. Walz, and A. G. Windisch. 2001. Classification of vegetation communities of New Jersey: Second iteration. Association for Biodiversity Information and New Jersey Natural Heritage Program, Office of Natural Lands Management, Division of Parks and Forestry, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Trenton.

  • CDPNQ [Centre de données sur le patrimoine naturel du Québec]. No date. Unpublished data. Centre de données sur le patrimoine naturel du Québec, Québec.

  • Davis, T. 2011e. Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program. Pitch Pine - Leatherleaf Palustrine Woodland Factsheet. [http://www.naturalheritage.state.pa.us/Community.aspx?=16051] (accessed January 31, 2012)

  • Eastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Boston, MA.

  • Edinger, G. J., D. J. Evans, S. Gebauer, T. G. Howard, D. M. Hunt, and A. M. Olivero, editors. 2014a. Ecological communities of New York state. Second edition. A revised and expanded edition of Carol Reschke's ecological communities of New York state. New York Natural Heritage Program, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.

  • Gawler, S. C. 2001. Natural landscapes of Maine: Natural community profiles. Open (non-forested) types. Final review draft, July 2001. Maine Natural Areas Program. Department of Conservation. Augusta, ME.

  • Gawler, S. C. 2002. Natural landscapes of Maine: A guide to vegetated natural communities and ecosystems. Maine Natural Areas Program, Department of Conservation, Augusta, ME.

  • Gawler, S. C., and A. Cutko. 2010. Natural landscapes of Maine: A classification of vegetated natural communities and ecosystems. Maine Natural Areas Program, Department of Conservation, Augusta.

  • Metzler, K., and J. Barrett. 2006. The vegetation of Connecticut: A preliminary classification. State Geological and Natural History Survey, Report of Investigations No. 12. Connecticut Natural Diversity Database, Hartford, CT.

  • Reschke, C. 1990. Ecological communities of New York State. New York Natural Heritage Program, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Latham, NY. 96 pp.

  • Sperduto, D. D., and W. F. Nichols. 2004. Natural communities of New Hampshire: A guide and classification. New Hampshire Natural Heritage Bureau, DRED Division of Forests and Lands, Concord. 242 pp.

  • Thompson, E. H., and E. R. Sorenson. 2005. Wetland, woodland, wildland: A guide to the natural communities of Vermont. The Nature Conservancy and the Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife. University Press of New England, Hanover, NH. 456 pp.

  • Windisch, A .G. 2014a. Pinelands ecological communities and higher level groups with crosswalk / proposed 2008 revisions to NVC. November 16, 2014 draft. New Jersey Natural Heritage Program, Trenton.

  • Zimmerman, E. A., T. Davis, M. A. Furedi, B. Eichelberger, J. McPherson, S. Seymour, G. Podniesinski, N. Dewar, and J. Wagner, editors. 2012. Terrestrial and palustrine plant communities of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program, Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Harrisburg. [http://www.naturalheritage.state.pa.us/Communities.aspx]


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