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Cyrilla racemiflora - Lyonia lucida Wet Shrubland
Translated Name: Swamp Titi - Shining Fetterbush Wet Shrubland
Common Name: Pondshore Titi Thicket
Unique Identifier: CEGL003844
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: This community is found in the Southeastern Coastal Plain of the United States potentially from the Carolinas to Mississippi and possibly Louisiana. It occupies a marginal zone (sometimes very narrow, sometimes broader) of coastal plain ponds. Occasionally, this zone may dominate entire small depressions. Cyrilla racemiflora and Lyonia lucida usually dominate. An example at Fort Gordon, Georgia, contains the shrubs Lyonia lucida, Morella cerifera (= Myrica cerifera), and Viburnum nudum var. nudum, along with the herbs and low shrubs Dulichium arundinaceum, Eupatorium sp., Hypericum sp., Triadenum sp., Ludwigia sp., Xyris sp., and Scirpus cyperinus?. An example on Apalachicola National Forest includes Clethra alnifolia, Pieris phillyreifolia, and Ilex myrtifolia.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Low

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 2 - Shrub & Herb Vegetation
Subclass 2.C - Shrub & Herb Wetland
Formation 2.C.2 - Temperate to Polar Bog & Fen
Division 2.C.2.Nb - Atlantic & Gulf Coastal Plain Pocosin
Macrogroup Southeastern Coastal Bog & Fen
Group Southeastern Coastal Pocosin & Shrub Bog
Alliance Swamp Titi Wet Shrubland

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL003847 Cyrilla racemiflora - Cliftonia monophylla Wet Scrub



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
Alabama Cyrilla racemiflora - Lyonia lucida Shrubland Equivalent Certain Schotz pers. comm.
North Carolina Small Depression Shrub Border Equivalent Certain Schafale 2012


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Shrub Bog
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Wharton, C. H. 1978. The natural environments of Georgia. Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Atlanta. 227 pp.
Related Concept Name: Small Depression Pond
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.
Related Concept Name: Small Depression Shrub Border
Relationship: = - Equivalent
Reference: Schafale, M. 2000. Fourth approximation guide. Coastal Plain. January 2000 draft. North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES203.044 Southeastern Coastal Plain Natural Lakeshore
CES203.262 Southern Atlantic Coastal Plain Depression Pond
CES203.558 East Gulf Coastal Plain Depression Pond


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G3? (30Jan2001)
Rounded Global Status: G3 - Vulnerable
Reasons: The community type is a zonal component of southeastern Coastal Plain depressional ponds. These ponds in general have suffered from drainage, fragmentation of the landscape in which they occur, and fire suppression. Fire is an important natural process which formally affected the structure and composition of this community type, and is often now missing from remaining occurrences. Acreage of this type was always relatively small, but is now further reduced.

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: AL, FL, GA, LApotentially occurs, MS, NC, SC
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: This community is found in the Southeastern Coastal Plain of the United States potentially from the Carolinas to Mississippi and possibly Louisiana.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Coastal Plains and Flatwoods, Lower Section
Section Code: 232B Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Atlantic Coastal Flatwoods Section
Section Code: 232C Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Florida Coastal Lowlands (Western) Section
Section Code: 232D Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: Cyrilla racemiflora and Lyonia lucida usually dominate this marginal zone of coastal plain ponds. An example at Fort Gordon, Georgia, contains the shrubs Lyonia lucida, Morella cerifera (= Myrica cerifera), and Viburnum nudum var. nudum, along with the herbs and low shrubs Dulichium arundinaceum, Eupatorium sp., Hypericum sp., Triadenum sp., Ludwigia sp., Xyris sp., and Scirpus cyperinus?.

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Litsea aestivalis G3 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)      
 
 
Cyrilla racemiflora G3 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)  
 
 
Lyonia lucida G3 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)  
 
 
Pieris phillyreifolia G3 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)      
 
 


At-Risk Species Reported for this Association
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
NatureServe Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status
Litsea aestivalis
  (Pondspice)
G3?  
Pieris phillyreifolia
  (Climbing Fetterbush)
G3  


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): A.S. Weakley
Element Description Edition Date: 26Nov1997
Element Description Author(s): A.S. Weakley
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 30Jan2001
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author(s): A.S. Weakley

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • NatureServe Ecology - Southeastern United States. No date. Unpublished data. NatureServe, Durham, NC.

  • Schafale, M. 2000. Fourth approximation guide. Coastal Plain. January 2000 draft. North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.

  • Schafale, M. 2003b. Fourth approximation guide. Coastal Plain communities. March 2003 draft. North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.

  • Schafale, M. P. 2012. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina, 4th Approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.

  • Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.

  • Schotz, Al. Personal communication. Community Ecologist. Alabama Natural Heritage Program. Huntingdon College, Massey Hall, 1500 East Fairview Avenue, Montgomery, AL 36106-2148.

  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.

  • Wharton, C. H. 1978. The natural environments of Georgia. Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Atlanta. 227 pp.


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