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Vitis rotundifolia - Ampelopsis arborea - Campsis radicans Ruderal Wet Vine-Shrubland
Translated Name: Muscadine - Peppervine - Trumpet Creeper Ruderal Wet Vine-Shrubland
Common Name: Ruderal Grapevine - Peppervine - Trumpet Creeper Wet Thicket
Unique Identifier: CEGL004620
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: This association includes vine-dominated vegetation that develops following clearcut logging, blowdowns, and possibly other disturbance in wetlands. This vine-shrubland is dominated by Vitis rotundifolia, Ampelopsis arborea, and Campsis radicans. Other species that are present in the vine/liana stratum include Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans, Bignonia capreolata, Smilax rotundifolia, Berchemia scandens, and likely others. There may exist a limited canopy of Liquidambar styraciflua, Ulmus americana, Quercus spp., Celtis laevigata, Salix spp., and likely other species. Often the weight of the vine coverage will break the stems of woody species before they attain 5 m in height. A limited shrub stratum that contains canopy species as well as Arundinaria gigantea, Ilex decidua, Lindera benzoin, Morella cerifera (= Myrica cerifera), and others may be present. Carex abscondita, Arisaema dracontium, Eupatorium capillifolium, Boehmeria cylindrica, Cryptotaenia canadensis, Carex retroflexa, Carex lupulina, Polygonum spp., Cyperus spp., and other species are present in the sparse herbaceous layer.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Low - Poorly Documented
Classification Comments: On Congaree Swamp National Monument, South Carolina, many examples of this vegetation were apparently caused by intense wind disturbance events associated with Hurricane Hugo in September 1989 (TNC 1998b).

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 2 - Shrub & Herb Vegetation
Subclass 2.C - Shrub & Herb Wetland
Formation 2.C.4 - Temperate to Polar Freshwater Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Division 2.C.4.Nd - Eastern North American Temperate & Boreal Freshwater Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Macrogroup Eastern-Southeastern North American Ruderal Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Group Southeastern Ruderal Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Alliance Coastal Plain Ruderal Vine-Shrubland

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
Alabama Vitis rotundifolia - Ampelopsis arborea - Campsis radicans Successional Vine-Shrubland Equivalent Certain Schotz pers. comm.
Oklahoma Smilax bona-nox - Rubus spp. Shrub-vineland association Equivalent Certain Hoagland 2000
Tennessee Vitis rotundifolia - Ampelopsis arborea - Campsis radicans Successional Vine-Shrubland Equivalent Certain TDNH unpubl. data


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Vinelands, woody, Peppervine-greenbrier mottes
Relationship: = - Equivalent
Reference: Penfound, W. T. 1967. A physiognomic classification of vegetation in conterminous United States. Botanical Review 33:289-320.

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES202.706 South-Central Interior Small Stream and Riparian
CES203.196 Mississippi River High Floodplain (Bottomland) Forest
CES203.299 East Gulf Coastal Plain Freshwater Tidal Wooded Swamp


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: GNA (11May1998)
Rounded Global Status: GNA - Not Applicable
Reasons: This vegetation likely is readily restorable by time or management. Examples are created through various kinds of natural or anthropogenic disturbance (TNC 1998b).

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: AL, AR, FLpotentially occurs, GA, LA, MS, NCpotentially occurs, OK, SC, TN, TXpotentially occurs
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: This successional association could be found anywhere in the southeastern United States from Virginia to Texas, in the coastal plain or adjacent ecoregions.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Southeastern Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 231 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Coastal Plain Middle Section
Section Code: 231B Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Coastal Plains and Flatwoods, Lower Section
Section Code: 232B Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Atlantic Coastal Flatwoods Section
Section Code: 232C Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Province Name: Lower Mississippi Riverine Forest Province
Province Code: 234 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Mississippi Alluvial Basin Section
Section Code: 234A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Prairie Division
Province Name: Prairie Parkland (Subtropical) Province
Province Code: 255 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Cross Timbers and Prairie Section
Section Code: 255A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: This vine-shrubland is dominated by Vitis rotundifolia, Ampelopsis arborea, and Campsis radicans. Other species that are present in the vine/liana stratum include Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans, Bignonia capreolata, Smilax rotundifolia, Berchemia scandens, and likely others. There may exist a limited canopy of Liquidambar styraciflua, Ulmus americana, Quercus spp., Celtis laevigata, Salix spp., and likely other species. A limited shrub stratum that contains canopy species, as well as Arundinaria gigantea, Ilex decidua, Lindera benzoin, Morella cerifera (= Myrica cerifera), and others, may be present. Carex abscondita, Arisaema dracontium, Eupatorium capillifolium, Boehmeria cylindrica, Cryptotaenia canadensis, Carex retroflexa, Carex lupulina, Polygonum spp., Cyperus spp., and other species are present in the sparse herbaceous layer. The exotic vine Lonicera japonica, the exotic shrub Ligustrum sinense, and the exotic herb Murdannia keisak may be present in occurrences of this vine-shrubland. Penfound (1964b) cites an example at Lake Texoma (Oklahoma) dominated by Ampelopsis arborea, Smilax bona-nox, and Rubus trivialis.

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Ligustrum sinense GNA Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)      
 
 
Ampelopsis arborea GNA Liana Shrub/sapling (tall & short)  
 
 
Campsis radicans GNA Liana Shrub/sapling (tall & short)  
 
 
Vitis rotundifolia GNA Liana Shrub/sapling (tall & short)  
 
 
Murdannia keisak GNA Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Lonicera japonica GNA Liana Herb (field)      
 
 


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y
Environmental Summary: This association develops on seasonally and temporarily flooded sites where the canopy and subcanopy layers have been removed by disturbance, including clearcut logging, blowdowns, and possibly other kinds of disturbance.


Dynamic Processes

Dynamics: This vine-shrubland develops on seasonally and temporarily flooded sites where the canopy and subcanopy layers have been removed by disturbance. On Congaree Swamp National Monument, South Carolina, this disturbance is primarily wind, and many occurrences of this community likely date from Hurricane Hugo in September 1989 (TNC 1998b).


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): S. Landaal
Element Description Edition Date: 03Dec2015
Element Description Author(s): S. Landaal
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 15Nov2000
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author(s): M. Pyne

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Hoagland, B. 2000. The vegetation of Oklahoma: A classification for landscape mapping and conservation planning. The Southwestern Naturalist 45(4):385-420.

  • Nordman, C., M. Russo, and L. Smart. 2011. Vegetation types of the Natchez Trace Parkway, based on the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. NatureServe Central Databases (International Ecological Classification Standard: Terrestrial Ecological Classifications). Arlington, VA. Data current as of 11 April 2011. 548 pp.

  • Peet, R. K., T. R. Wentworth, M. P. Schafale, and A.S. Weakley. No date. Unpublished data of the North Carolina Vegetation Survey. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

  • Penfound, W. T. 1967. A physiognomic classification of vegetation in conterminous United States. Botanical Review 33:289-320.

  • Penfound, W. T., J. S. Shed, and M. C. Jennison. 1964b. A plant community dominated by vines. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 45:41-43.

  • Schotz, Al. Personal communication. Community Ecologist. Alabama Natural Heritage Program. Huntingdon College, Massey Hall, 1500 East Fairview Avenue, Montgomery, AL 36106-2148.

  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.

  • TDNH [Tennessee Division of Natural Heritage]. No date. Unpublished data. Tennessee Division of Natural Heritage, Nashville, TN.

  • TNC [The Nature Conservancy]. [1998]b. Classification of the vegetation of Congaree Swamp National Monument. Report to BRD-NPS Vegetation Mapping Program. The Nature Conservancy, Southern Conservation Science, Chapel Hill, NC. 67 pp.


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