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Leucothoe racemosa - Vaccinium fuscatum - Smilax walteri Wet Shrubland
Translated Name: Swamp Doghobble - Black Highbush Blueberry - Coral Greenbrier Wet Shrubland
Common Name: Piedmont Shrub Pond
Unique Identifier: CEGL004533
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: Seasonally flooded upland depressions in the lower Piedmont of North Carolina dominated by shrubs, primarily Leucothoe racemosa, Vaccinium fuscatum, Smilax walteri, Vaccinium formosum, Viburnum nudum var. nudum, and others. Trees may be interspersed among the shrubs, and species such as Liquidambar styraciflua, Acer rubrum var. rubrum, Pinus palustris, and Pinus taeda may be present. Herbaceous species that may be present include Carex crinita, Carex glaucescens, Eleocharis sp., Rhynchospora sp., Scleria sp., and Utricularia gibba.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Low

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 2 - Shrub & Herb Vegetation
Subclass 2.C - Shrub & Herb Wetland
Formation 2.C.4 - Temperate to Polar Freshwater Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Division 2.C.4.Ne - Atlantic & Gulf Coastal Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Macrogroup Atlantic & Gulf Coastal Plain Wet Prairie & Marsh
Group Atlantic & Gulf Coastal Plain Shrub Swamp
Alliance Heath Pond Wet Shrubland

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL004075 Cephalanthus occidentalis - (Leucothoe racemosa) / Carex joorii Shrub Swamp



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
North Carolina Upland Pool (Roberdo Subtype) Equivalent Certain Schafale 2012


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Upland Pool
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES202.336 Piedmont Upland Depression Swamp


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G1? (11Jan1998)
Rounded Global Status: G1 - Critically Imperiled
Reasons: This association is apparently very limited in range and extent, known only from a few sites in the lower Piedmont. At least some examples are adversely affected by fire exclusion.

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: NC
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: This association is known only from a few sites in the lower Piedmont of North Carolina.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Southeastern Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 231 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Southern Appalachian Piedmont Section
Section Code: 231A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: Stands are dominated by shrubs, primarily Leucothoe racemosa, Vaccinium fuscatum, Smilax walteri, Vaccinium formosum, Viburnum nudum var. nudum, and others. Trees may be interspersed among the shrubs, and species such as Liquidambar styraciflua, Acer rubrum var. rubrum, Pinus palustris, and Pinus taeda may be present. Herbaceous species that may be present include Carex crinita, Carex glaucescens, Eleocharis sp., Rhynchospora sp., Scleria sp., and Utricularia gibba.

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Leucothoe racemosa G1 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Tall shrub/sapling  
 
 
Smilax walteri G1 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Tall shrub/sapling  
 
 
Vaccinium fuscatum G1 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Tall shrub/sapling  
 
 


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): R.K. Peet, S. Landaal and A.S. Weakley
Element Description Edition Date: 01Aug1996
Element Description Author(s): R.K. Peet, S. Landaal and A.S. Weakley
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 11Jan1998
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author(s): A.S. Weakley

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Schafale, M. P. 2012. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina, 4th Approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.

  • Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.

  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.


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Data last updated: November 2016