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Central Midwest-Interior Limestone - Dolostone Talus Vegetation
Translated Name: Central Midwest-Interior Limestone - Dolostone Talus Vegetation
Common Name: Central Midwest-Interior Limestone - Dolostone Talus
Unique Identifier: CEGL002308
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: This limestone - dolostone talus community is found throughout the central midwestern and Ozark regions of the United States, and localized areas in southern Ontario, Canada. Stands occur at the bases of steep cliffs along larger streams or rivers, or strongly dissected valleys. Aspect is variable, and moisture could be moist or dry. Soils are generally absent. Parent material could be limestone or dolostone with a mixture of rock fragments and large boulders. The vegetation is generally sparse but may vary depending on degree of slope, exposure (open versus shaded), and rock type. The composition of the type may be heavily influenced by adjacent forested stands. In Missouri, characteristic species include the ferns Adiantum pedatum, Diplazium pycnocarpon, Asplenium rhizophyllum, and Cystopteris bulbifera. Other herbaceous species include Aralia nudicaulis, Impatiens capensis, Pilea pumila, Polymnia canadensis, and Physalis missouriensis. Scattered woody plants include Hydrangea arborescens and Staphylea trifolia. In Ontario open talus stands contain Adiantum pedatum, Ageratina altissima, Geranium robertianum, Impatiens capensis, Poa pratensis, and Toxicodendron radicans.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Low - Poorly Documented
Classification Comments: This type has not been described across its range, with the exception of Missouri (Nelson 1985) and somewhat in Ontario (Lee et al. 1998). Further study is needed to characterize the type. It may be very localized. Rare snails may also be found. The type is especially notable at the base of limestone and dolostone cliffs of the Niagara Escarpment, e.g. in eastern Wisconsin on the Door Peninsula (E. Epstein pers. comm. 1999).

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 6 - Open Rock Vegetation
Subclass 6.B - Temperate & Boreal Open Rock Vegetation
Formation 6.B.1 - Temperate & Boreal Cliff, Scree & Other Rock Vegetation
Division 6.B.1.Na - Eastern North American Temperate Cliff, Scree & Rock Vegetation
Macrogroup Eastern North American Cliff & Rock Vegetation
Group Central Midwest-Interior Cliff & Rock Vegetation
Alliance Midwest Alkaline Talus & Rock Outcrop

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL002309 Interior Highlands Sandstone Talus Sparse Vegetation
CEGL005172 Thuja occidentalis Carbonate Talus Woodland
CEGL005202 Eastern Boreal & Laurentian Sandstone Talus Vegetation



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
Illinois Limestone cliff community Undetermined   White and Madany 1978
Iowa Talus Slope Equivalent Certain INAI 2017
Michigan Limestone Cliff Broader   Kost et al. 2007
Minnesota Dry Limestone - Dolomite Talus (Southern) Type Equivalent   Minnesota DNR 2005
Missouri Limestone/dolomite talus Equivalent   Nelson 1985
Vermont Open Talus Broader   Thompson and Sorenson 2000
Wisconsin Dry cliff Broader   WNHI 2011


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Limestone - Dolostone Talus Sparse Vegetation
Relationship: = - Equivalent
Reference: Faber-Langendoen, D., editor. 2001. Plant communities of the Midwest: Classification in an ecological context. Association for Biodiversity Information, Arlington, VA. 61 pp. plus appendix (705 pp.).

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES201.570 Laurentian-Acadian Calcareous Cliff and Talus
CES202.690 Central Interior Calcareous Cliff and Talus


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G4G5 (03Mar2000)
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Many sites may not lack proper buffers along the clifftops or lower slopes.

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: AR, IA, IL, MI, MN, MO, OK, VT, WI
Canadian Province Distribution: ON, QCpotentially occurs
Global Distribution: Canada, United States
Global Range: This limestone - dolostone talus community is found throughout the northeastern, central midwestern and Ozark regions of the United States, as well as localized areas in adjacent Canada, extending from Vermont west through extreme southern Ontario to central Minnesota, south to southeastern Oklahoma, Arkansas, and east to Illinois.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Hot Continental Division
Province Name: Eastern Broadleaf Forest (Continental) Province
Province Code: 222 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Ozark Highlands Section
Section Code: 222A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: North Central U.S. Driftless and Escarpment Section
Section Code: 222L Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Prairie Division
Province Name: Prairie Parkland (Temperate) Province
Province Code: 251 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Central Dissected Till Plains Section
Section Code: 251C Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: The vegetation is generally sparse, but may vary depending on degree of slope, exposure (open versus shaded) and rock type. The composition of the type may be heavily influenced by adjacent forested stands. In Missouri, characteristic species include the ferns Adiantum pedatum, Diplazium pycnocarpon (= Athyrium pycnocarpon), Asplenium rhizophyllum (= Camptosorus rhizophyllus), and Cystopteris bulbifera. Other herbaceous species include Aralia nudicaulis, Impatiens capensis, Pilea pumila, Polymnia canadensis, and Physalis missouriensis. Scattered woody plants include Hydrangea arborescens and Staphylea trifolia (Nelson 1985). In Ontario open talus stands contain Adiantum pedatum, Ageratina altissima (= Eupatorium rugosum), Geranium robertianum, Impatiens capensis, Poa pratensis, and Toxicodendron radicans (Lee et al. 1998).


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: N
Environmental Summary: Stands occur at the bases of steep cliffs along larger streams or rivers, or strongly dissected valleys. Aspect is variable, and moisture could be moist or dry. Soils are generally absent. Parent material could be limestone or dolostone with a mixture of rock fragments and large boulders. The vegetation is generally sparse, but may vary depending on degree of slope, exposure (open versus shaded) and rock type (Nelson 1985).


Dynamic Processes

Dynamics: Cliff weathering causes rock debris to fall and accumulate at the base of the cliff.


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): D. Faber-Langendoen (2001)
Element Description Edition Date: 27Feb2017
Element Description Author(s): D. Faber-Langendoen
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 03Mar2000

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • CDPNQ [Centre de données sur le patrimoine naturel du Québec]. No date. Unpublished data. Centre de données sur le patrimoine naturel du Québec, Québec.

  • Chastain, R. A., M.A. Struckhoff, K. W. Grabner, E. D. Stroh, H. He, D. R. Larsen, T. A. Nigh, and J. Drake. 2006. Mapping vegetation communities in Ozark National Scenic Riverways: Final technical report to the National Park Service. Open-File Report 2006-1354. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA. 90 pp. plus appendices.

  • Faber-Langendoen, D., editor. 2001. Plant communities of the Midwest: Classification in an ecological context. Association for Biodiversity Information, Arlington, VA. 61 pp. plus appendix (705 pp.).

  • Hop, K., M. Pyne, T. Foti, S. Lubinski, R. White, and J. Dieck. 2012a. National Park Service vegetation inventory program: Buffalo National River, Arkansas. Natural Resource Report NPS/HTLN/NRR--2012/526. National Park Service, Fort Collins, CO. 340 pp.

  • INAI [Iowa Natural Areas Inventory]. 2017. Vegetation classification of Iowa. Iowa Natural Areas Inventory, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Des Moines.

  • Kost, M. A., D. A. Albert, J. G. Cohen, B. S. Slaughter, R. K. Schillo, C. R. Weber, and K. A. Chapman. 2007. Natural communities of Michigan: Classification and description. Report No. 2007-21, Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Lansing. 314 pp. [http://web4.msue.msu.edu/mnfi/reports/2007-21_Natural_Communites_of_Michigan_Classification_and_Description.pdf]

  • Lee, H., W. Bakowsky, J. Riley, J. Bowles, M. Puddister, P. Uhlig, and S. McMurray. 1998. Ecological land classification for southern Ontario: First approximation and its application. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Southcentral Science Section, Science Development and Transfer Branch. SCSS Field Guide FG-02.

  • MNNHP [Minnesota Natural Heritage Program]. 1993. Minnesota's native vegetation: A key to natural communities. Version 1.5. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Natural Heritage Program, St. Paul, MN. 110 pp.

  • Midwestern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Minneapolis, MN.

  • Minnesota DNR [Minnesota Department of Natural Resources]. 2003-2005a. Field guide to the native plant communities of Minnesota. Three volumes: The Laurentian Mixed Forest Province (2003), The Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province (2005c), The Prairie Parkland and Tallgrass Aspen Parklands provinces (2005b). Ecological Land Classification Program, Minnesota County Biological Survey, and Natural Heritage and Nongame Research Program. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul.

  • Minnesota DNR [Minnesota Department of Natural Resources]. 2005c. Field guide to the native plant communities of Minnesota: The Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province. Ecological Land Classification Program, Minnesota County Biological Survey, and Natural Heritage and Nongame Research Program. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul.

  • Nelson, P. 2010. The terrestrial natural communities of Missouri. Revised edition. Missouri Natural Areas Committee, Department of Natural Resources and the Department of Conservation, Jefferson City.

  • ONHIC [Ontario Natural Heritage Information Centre]. 2018. Unpublished data. Ontario Natural Heritage Information Centre, Ministry of Natural Resources, Ontario, Canada.

  • Thompson, E. H., and E. R. Sorenson. 2005. Wetland, woodland, wildland: A guide to the natural communities of Vermont. The Nature Conservancy and the Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife. University Press of New England, Hanover, NH. 456 pp.

  • WDNR [Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources]. 2015. The ecological landscapes of Wisconsin: An assessment of ecological resources and a guide to planning sustainable management. PUB-SS-1131 2015. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison. [http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/landscapes/Book.html]

  • White, J., and M. Madany. 1978. Classification of natural communities in Illinois. Pages 311-405 in: Natural Areas Inventory technical report: Volume I, survey methods and results. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory, Urbana, IL.


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