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Fagus grandifolia - Liquidambar styraciflua - Quercus (michauxii, nigra) Forest
Translated Name: American Beech - Sweetgum - (Swamp Chestnut Oak, Water Oak) Forest
Common Name: South Atlantic Coastal Plain Beech Floodplain Forest
Unique Identifier: CEGL007866
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: This levee or terrace forest of the Atlantic Coastal Plain is dominated by Fagus grandifolia, with Liquidambar styraciflua and some combination of the nominal Quercus spp. (Quercus michauxii, Quercus nigra) often codominating. Although they may be present, Liriodendron tulipifera and Betula nigra are usually not dominants in this community. Ilex opaca var. opaca is a prominent component of the subcanopy. Shrubs present include Leucothoe axillaris, Symplocos tinctoria, and Vaccinium elliottii. Vines are prominent in examples of this association; these include Berchemia scandens, Gelsemium sempervirens, Smilax laurifolia, Toxicodendron radicans, and Vitis rotundifolia. Scattered patches of Arundinaria gigantea may occur in examples of this community. Herbaceous species common in this association include Carex spp. and Mitchella repens.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Low
Classification Comments: The global range and range of variation of this community need to be further investigated.

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 1 - Forest & Woodland
Subclass 1.B - Temperate & Boreal Forest & Woodland
Formation 1.B.1 - Warm Temperate Forest & Woodland
Division 1.B.1.Na - Southeastern North American Forest & Woodland
Macrogroup Southern Mesic Mixed Broadleaf Forest
Group Southern Mesic Beech - Oak - Mixed Deciduous Forest
Alliance Mesic Southern Coastal Plain Deciduous Forest

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL004745 Fagus grandifolia - Carya spp. / (Acer negundo, Magnolia macrophylla, Tilia americana var. heterophylla) Floodplain Forest



Related Concepts from Other Classifications


Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES203.250 Atlantic Coastal Plain Small Brownwater River Floodplain Forest


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G3? (19Sep2001)
Rounded Global Status: G3 - Vulnerable

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: GA, SC
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: This forest is found on levees or terraces in the Atlantic Coastal Plain of South Carolina and Georgia; its full range is not known.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Coastal Plains and Flatwoods, Lower Section
Section Code: 232B Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Atlantic Coastal Flatwoods Section
Section Code: 232C Occurrence Status: Predicted or probable


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: This levee or terrace forest is dominated by Fagus grandifolia, with Liquidambar styraciflua and some combination of the nominal Quercus spp. (Quercus michauxii, Quercus nigra) often codominating. Although they may be present, Liriodendron tulipifera and Betula nigra are usually not dominants in this community. Ilex opaca var. opaca is a prominent component of the subcanopy. Shrubs present include Leucothoe axillaris, Symplocos tinctoria, and Vaccinium elliottii. Vines are prominent in examples of this association; these include Berchemia scandens, Gelsemium sempervirens, Smilax laurifolia, Toxicodendron radicans, and Vitis rotundifolia. Scattered patches of Arundinaria gigantea may occur in examples of this community. Herbaceous species common in this association include Carex spp. and Mitchella repens.

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Fagus grandifolia G3 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy  
 
 
Liquidambar styraciflua G3 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy  
 
 
Quercus michauxii G3 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy  
 
 
Quercus nigra G3 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy  
 
 
Ilex opaca var. opaca G3 Broad-leaved evergreen tree Tree subcanopy    
 
 


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: N
Environmental Summary: This forest is found on levees or terraces in the Atlantic Coastal Plain of South Carolina and Georgia.


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): M. Pyne and L. Gawin
Element Description Edition Date: 29Jan1999
Element Description Author(s): M. Pyne and L. Gawin
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 19Sep2001

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Peet, R. K., T. R. Wentworth, M. P. Schafale, and A.S. Weakley. No date. Unpublished data of the North Carolina Vegetation Survey. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.


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