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Vaccinium corymbosum - Gaylussacia baccata - Aronia melanocarpa / Calla palustris Acidic Peatland
Translated Name: Highbush Blueberry - Black Huckleberry - Black Chokeberry / Water Arum Acidic Peatland
Common Name: Highbush Blueberry Poor Fen
Unique Identifier: CEGL005085
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: This community, found in the midwestern and northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ranging from Indiana east through Ohio and Ontario, perhaps to western New York, is a weakly minerotrophic or perhaps ombrotrophic peatland dominated by tall, deciduous, ericaceous shrubs and peat mosses. The water is usually nutrient-poor and acidic. The dominant shrub is usually Vaccinium corymbosum. Other associated shrubs include Aronia melanocarpa, Gaylussacia baccata, Ilex verticillata, and Ilex mucronata. Characteristic herbs include Calla palustris, Carex trisperma, Osmunda cinnamomea, Sarracenia purpurea, and Maianthemum trifolium. Characteristic peat mosses include Sphagnum centrale, Sphagnum fimbriatum, Sphagnum magellanicum, and Sphagnum capillifolium. Stunted trees, including Acer rubrum, may be present at a low density and less than 25% cover.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Low - Poorly Documented
Classification Comments: This type is considered a poor fen/bog in Ohio. Characteristics in Michigan and Ontario need to be determined. As of August 1998, all New York EOs are tracked as Vaccinium corymbosum / Sphagnum spp. Acidic Peatland (CEGL006190), but it probably makes sense to only include southeastern New York (including Catskills?) and Lower New England with CEGL006190, where Rhododendron viscosum can be a codominant and Rhododendron canadense is sometimes present. This association (CEGL005085) then can be extended to western (and northern?) New York and adjacent Ontario and Quebec.

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 2 - Shrub & Herb Vegetation
Subclass 2.C - Shrub & Herb Wetland
Formation 2.C.2 - Temperate to Polar Bog & Fen
Division 2.C.2.Na - North American Bog & Fen
Macrogroup North American Boreal & Subboreal Bog & Acidic Fen
Group Eastern North American Subboreal Bog & Acidic Fen
Alliance Highbush Blueberry Peat Shrubland

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL005083 Cornus spp. - Salix spp. - Vaccinium corymbosum - Rhamnus alnifolia - Toxicodendron vernix Fen
CEGL005088 Cornus sericea - Cornus amomum - Aronia melanocarpa - Viburnum lentago Fen
CEGL006190 Vaccinium corymbosum / Sphagnum spp. Acidic Peatland



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
Indiana Wetland - bog circumneutral Broader   Homoya et al. 1988
Michigan Poor Fen Broader   Kost et al. 2007
New York Highbush blueberry bog thicket Broader Not certain Edinger et al. 2002
Ohio Sphagnum peat bog Broader   ONHD unpubl. data


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Vaccinium corymbosum - Gaylussacia baccata - Photinia melanocarpa / Calla palustris Shrubland
Relationship: = - Equivalent
Reference: Faber-Langendoen, D., editor. 2001. Plant communities of the Midwest: Classification in an ecological context. Association for Biodiversity Information, Arlington, VA. 61 pp. plus appendix (705 pp.).

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES202.606 North-Central Interior and Appalachian Acidic Peatland
CES202.702 North-Central Interior Shrub-Graminoid Alkaline Fen


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G2G3 (27Mar2000)
Rounded Global Status: G2 - Imperiled
Reasons: Status is dependent on how the community is defined. If this community is restricted to the eastern parts of the Great Lakes basin, then it has fewer than 50 occurrences in Indiana, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, New York, and possibly Michigan. If this is the same community as in the ECS classification (Vaccinium corymbosum / Sphagnum spp. shrubland), then it is more widespread and there are probably over 100 occurrences.

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: IN, MIpotentially occurs, NY, OH
Canadian Province Distribution: ON
Global Distribution: Canada, United States
Global Range: This highbush blueberry community is a weakly minerotrophic peatland found in the midwestern and northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ranging from Indiana east through Ohio and Ontario, perhaps to western New York.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Warm Continental Division
Province Name: Laurentian Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 212 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: St. Lawrence and Champlain Valley Section
Section Code: 212E Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Hot Continental Division
Province Name: Eastern Broadleaf Forest (Oceanic) Province
Province Code: 221 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Western Unglaciated Allegheny Plateau Section
Section Code: 221F Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Province Name: Eastern Broadleaf Forest (Continental) Province
Province Code: 222 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Erie and Ontario Lake Plain Section
Section Code: 222I Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Southeastern Great Lakes Section
Section Code: 222J Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Hot Continental Regime Mountains
Province Name: Central Appalachian Broadleaf Forest - Coniferous Forest - Meadow Province
Province Code: M221 Occurrence Status: Possible


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: The dominant shrub is usually Vaccinium corymbosum. Other associated shrubs include Aronia melanocarpa, Gaylussacia baccata, Ilex verticillata, and Ilex mucronata (= Nemopanthus mucronatus). Characteristic herbs include Calla palustris, Carex trisperma, Osmunda cinnamomea, Sarracenia purpurea, and Maianthemum trifolium (= Smilacina trifolia). Characteristic peat mosses include Sphagnum centrale, Sphagnum fimbriatum, Sphagnum magellanicum, and Sphagnum capillifolium (= Sphagnum nemoreum). Stunted trees, including Acer rubrum, may be present at a low density and less than 25% cover. (Reschke 1990, Anderson 1996)

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Vaccinium corymbosum G2 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)  
 
 
Aronia melanocarpa G2 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Tall shrub/sapling      
 
 
Gaylussacia baccata G2 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Short shrub/sapling    
 
 
Calla palustris G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)    
 
 


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y
Environmental Summary: In Ohio, this community forms open stands in zones or patches in fens and bogs, or sometimes cover the entire area. The water is usually nutrient-poor and acidic (Reschke 1990).


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): D. Faber-Langendoen (2001)
Element Description Edition Date: 06Aug1998
Element Description Author(s): D. Faber-Langendoen
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 17Oct1997
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author(s): C. Reschke

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Anderson, D. M. 1996. The vegetation of Ohio: Two centuries of change. Draft. Ohio Biological Survey.

  • Edinger, G. J., D. J. Evans, S. Gebauer, T. G. Howard, D. M. Hunt, and A. M. Olivero, editors. 2014a. Ecological communities of New York state. Second edition. A revised and expanded edition of Carol Reschke's ecological communities of New York state. New York Natural Heritage Program, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.

  • Faber-Langendoen, D., editor. 2001. Plant communities of the Midwest: Classification in an ecological context. Association for Biodiversity Information, Arlington, VA. 61 pp. plus appendix (705 pp.).

  • Homoya, M. A., J. Aldrich, J. Bacone, L. Casebere, and T. Post. 1988. Indiana natural community classification. Indiana Natural Heritage Program, Indianapolis, IN. Unpublished manuscript.

  • Kost, M. A., D. A. Albert, J. G. Cohen, B. S. Slaughter, R. K. Schillo, C. R. Weber, and K. A. Chapman. 2007. Natural communities of Michigan: Classification and description. Report No. 2007-21, Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Lansing. 314 pp. [http://web4.msue.msu.edu/mnfi/reports/2007-21_Natural_Communites_of_Michigan_Classification_and_Description.pdf]

  • Lee, H., W. Bakowsky, J. Riley, J. Bowles, M. Puddister, P. Uhlig, and S. McMurray. 1998. Ecological land classification for southern Ontario: First approximation and its application. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Southcentral Science Section, Science Development and Transfer Branch. SCSS Field Guide FG-02.

  • Midwestern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Minneapolis, MN.

  • ONHD [Ohio Natural Heritage Database]. No date. Vegetation classification of Ohio and unpublished data. Ohio Natural Heritage Database, Division of Natural Areas and Preserves, Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Columbus.

  • ONHIC [Ontario Natural Heritage Information Centre]. 2018. Unpublished data. Ontario Natural Heritage Information Centre, Ministry of Natural Resources, Ontario, Canada.

  • Reschke, C. 1990. Ecological communities of New York State. New York Natural Heritage Program, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Latham, NY. 96 pp.


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