NatureServe Explorer logo.An Online Encyclopedia of Life
Search
Ecological Association Comprehensive Report: Record 1 of 1 selected.
See All Search Results    View Glossary
<< Previous | Next >>

Calamagrostis canadensis - Scirpus spp. - Dulichium arundinaceum Wet Meadow
Translated Name: Bluejoint - Bulrush species - Threeway Sedge Wet Meadow
Common Name: Mixed Graminoid Wet Meadow
Unique Identifier: CEGL006519
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: These are seasonally flooded, mixed-composition wetland meadows of the northeastern United States. They occur on flats, floodplains of small streams, beaver meadows, and lakeshores. The substrate is muck or well-decomposed peat overlying mineral soil, usually slightly acidic (pH 5.0-6.0). After spring flooding, many sites will dry to exposed soil during the summer; others remain well saturated. The vegetation is dominated by robust graminoids or graminoids mixed with shrubs. Shrub cover can range up to 50%, but graminoid cover typically exceeds woody cover, and in some cases, shrubs are absent. The herbaceous layer is well-developed, often over 40% cover and up to nearly 100% cover. Bryophyte cover is usually little to none but may occasionally be extensive. The herbaceous layer is often dominated by some combination of Calamagrostis canadensis, Scirpus spp. (including Scirpus cyperinus, Scirpus expansus, and Scirpus atrovirens), and Dulichium arundinaceum. Other locally common species may include Acorus calamus, Agrostis gigantea, Carex lacustris, Carex lupulina, Carex lupuliformis, Carex lurida, Carex stricta, Carex utriculata, Glyceria canadensis, Glyceria grandis, Iris versicolor, Hypericum ellipticum, Juncus canadensis, Leersia oryzoides, Leersia virginica, Lysimachia terrestris, Onoclea sensibilis, Osmunda regalis, Phalaris arundinacea, Poa palustris, and Triadenum fraseri. Typha latifolia may occasionally be present, but these wetlands are usually slightly higher (relative to the water table) than typical cattail marsh. Lythrum salicaria may be locally invasive. Shrub species typically include Spiraea alba and Salix spp. Other shrub constituents vary from site to site and may include Alnus incana, Alnus serrulata, Cephalanthus occidentalis, Cornus sericea, Ilex verticillata, Myrica gale, Salix pedicellaris, Spiraea tomentosa, Vaccinium corymbosum, or Viburnum dentatum. This association is related to other regional wet meadow types but differs in not being almost monotypically dominated by Carex stricta, Calamagrostis canadensis, or Phalaris arundinacea.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Moderate

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 2 - Shrub & Herb Vegetation
Subclass 2.C - Shrub & Herb Wetland
Formation 2.C.4 - Temperate to Polar Freshwater Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Division 2.C.4.Nd - Eastern North American Temperate & Boreal Freshwater Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Macrogroup Eastern North American Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Group Laurentian-Acadian Wet Meadow & Shrub Swamp
Alliance Sedge - Bluejoint Wet Meadow

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL005448 Calamagrostis canadensis - Carex spp. Laurentian & Northeast Wet Meadow
CEGL005449 Calamagrostis canadensis North-Central Wet Meadow
CEGL006349 Scirpus cyperinus Wet Meadow
CEGL006412 Carex stricta - Carex vesicaria Wet Meadow



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
New Hampshire Mixed tall graminoid - scrub-shrub marsh Equivalent   Sperduto and Nichols 2004
New York Shallow emergent marsh Broader Certain Edinger et al. 2002
Pennsylvania Rice Cutgrass - Bulrush Vernal Pool Intersects   Zimmerman et al. 2012
Pennsylvania Wool-grass - Mannagrass - Mixed Shrub Marsh Intersects   Zimmerman et al. 2012
Vermont Shallow Emergent Marsh Broader   Thompson and Sorenson 2000



Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES201.582 Laurentian-Acadian Wet Meadow-Shrub Swamp
CES201.587 Laurentian-Acadian Floodplain Forest


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: GNR (06Jul1999)
Rounded Global Status: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: MA, NH, NY, PA, VT
Canadian Province Distribution: QCpotentially occurs
Global Distribution: Canada, United States

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Warm Continental Division
Province Name: Laurentian Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 212 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Aroostook Hills and Lowlands Section
Section Code: 212A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Maine-New Brunswick Foothills and Lowlands Section
Section Code: 212B Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Fundy Coastal and Interior Section
Section Code: 212C Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Central Maine Coastal and Embayment Section
Section Code: 212D Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Hot Continental Division
Province Name: Eastern Broadleaf Forest (Oceanic) Province
Province Code: 221 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Lower New England Section
Section Code: 221A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Hudson Valley Section
Section Code: 221B Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Northern Appalachian Piedmont Section
Section Code: 221D Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Warm Continental Regime Mountains
Province Name: Adirondack-New England Mixed Forest - Coniferous Forest - Alpine Meadow Province
Province Code: M212 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: White Mountain Section
Section Code: M212A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Vermont-New Hampshire Upland Section
Section Code: M212B Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Hot Continental Regime Mountains
Province Name: Central Appalachian Broadleaf Forest - Coniferous Forest - Meadow Province
Province Code: M221 Occurrence Status: Predicted or probable
Section Name: Allegheny Mountains Section
Section Code: M221B Occurrence Status: Predicted or probable


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: The vegetation is dominated by robust graminoids or graminoids mixed with shrubs. Shrub cover can range up to 50%, but graminoid cover typically exceeds woody cover, and in some cases, shrubs are absent. The herbaceous layer is well-developed, often over 40% cover and up to nearly 100% cover. Bryophyte cover is usually little to none but may occasionally be extensive. The herbaceous layer is often dominated by some combination of Calamagrostis canadensis, Scirpus spp. (including Scirpus cyperinus, Scirpus expansus, and Scirpus atrovirens), and Dulichium arundinaceum. Other locally common species may include Acorus calamus, Agrostis gigantea (= Agrostis alba), Carex lacustris, Carex lupulina, Carex lupuliformis, Carex lurida, Carex stricta, Carex utriculata, Glyceria canadensis, Glyceria grandis, Iris versicolor, Hypericum ellipticum, Juncus canadensis, Leersia oryzoides, Leersia virginica, Lysimachia terrestris, Onoclea sensibilis, Osmunda regalis, Phalaris arundinacea, Poa palustris, and Triadenum fraseri. Typha latifolia may occasionally be present, but these wetlands are usually slightly higher (relative to the water table) than typical cattail marsh. Lythrum salicaria may be locally invasive. Shrub species typically include Spiraea alba and Salix spp. Other shrub constituents vary from site to site, and may include Alnus incana, Alnus serrulata, Cephalanthus occidentalis, Cornus sericea, Ilex verticillata, Myrica gale, Salix pedicellaris, Spiraea tomentosa, Vaccinium corymbosum, or Viburnum dentatum.

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Lythrum salicaria GNR Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 
Agrostis gigantea GNR Graminoid Herb (field)      
 
 
Calamagrostis canadensis GNR Graminoid Herb (field)  
 
 
Dulichium arundinaceum GNR Graminoid Herb (field)  
 
 
Scirpus ancistrochaetus GNR Graminoid Herb (field)      
 
 
Scirpus atrovirens GNR Graminoid Herb (field)  
 
 
Scirpus cyperinus GNR Graminoid Herb (field)  
 
 
Scirpus expansus GNR Graminoid Herb (field)  
 
 


At-Risk Species Reported for this Association
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
NatureServe Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status
Scirpus ancistrochaetus
  (Northeastern Bulrush)
G3 LE: Listed endangered


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y
Environmental Summary: These are seasonally flooded, mixed-composition wetland meadows of the northeastern United States. They occur on flats, floodplains of small streams, beaver meadows, and lakeshores. The substrate is muck or well-decomposed peat overlying mineral soil, usually slightly acidic (pH 5.0-6.0). After spring flooding, many sites will dry to exposed soil during the summer.


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): S.C. Gawler
Element Description Edition Date: 12Dec2005
Element Description Author(s): S.C. Gawler

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • CDPNQ [Centre de données sur le patrimoine naturel du Québec]. No date. Unpublished data. Centre de données sur le patrimoine naturel du Québec, Québec.

  • Calhoun, A. J. K., J. E. Cormier, R. B. Owen, Jr., A. F. O'Connell, Jr., C. T. Roman, and R. W. Tiner, Jr. 1994. The wetlands of Acadia National Park and vicinity. Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station Miscellaneous Publication 721. 108 pp.

  • Eastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Boston, MA.

  • Edinger, G. J., A. L. Feldmann, T. G. Howard, J. J. Schmid, F. C. Sechler, E. Eastman, E. Largay, L. A. Sneddon, C. Lea, and J. Von Loh. 2014b. Vegetation inventory: Saratoga National Historical Park, New York. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/NETN/NRTR--2014/869, National Park Service, Fort Collins, CO.

  • Edinger, G. J., D. J. Evans, S. Gebauer, T. G. Howard, D. M. Hunt, and A. M. Olivero, editors. 2014a. Ecological communities of New York state. Second edition. A revised and expanded edition of Carol Reschke's ecological communities of New York state. New York Natural Heritage Program, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.

  • Lubinski, S., K. Hop, and S. Gawler. 2003. Vegetation Mapping Program: Acadia National Park, Maine. Report produced by U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, and Maine Natural Areas Program in conjunction with M. Story (NPS Vegetation Mapping Coordinator) NPS, Natural Resources Information Division, Inventory and Monitoring Program, and K. Brown (USGS Vegetation Mapping Coordinator), USGS, Center for Biological Informatics and NatureServe. [http://biology.usgs.gov/npsveg/ftp/vegmapping/acad/reports/acadrpt.pdf]

  • NRCS [Natural Resources Conservation Service]. 2004a. Soil survey of Saratoga County, New York. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. 590 pp.

  • Northern Appalachian Ecology Working Group. 2000. Northern Appalachian / Boreal Ecoregion community classification (Review Draft). The Nature Conservancy, Eastern Conservation Science Center, Boston, MA. 117 pp. plus appendices.

  • Perles, S. J., G. S. Podniesinski, W. A. Millinor, and L. A. Sneddon. 2006c. Vegetation classification and mapping at Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Park. Technical Report NPS/NER/NRTR--2006/058. National Park Service, Philadelphia, PA.

  • Sperduto, D. D., and W. F. Nichols. 2004. Natural communities of New Hampshire: A guide and classification. New Hampshire Natural Heritage Bureau, DRED Division of Forests and Lands, Concord. 242 pp.

  • Thompson, E. H., and E. R. Sorenson. 2005. Wetland, woodland, wildland: A guide to the natural communities of Vermont. The Nature Conservancy and the Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife. University Press of New England, Hanover, NH. 456 pp.

  • Zimmerman, E. A. 2011o. Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program. Wool-grass - Mannagrass Mixed Shrub Marsh Factsheet. [http://www.naturalheritage.state.pa.us/Community.aspx?=30026] (accessed February 04, 2012)

  • Zimmerman, E. A. 2011y. Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program. Rice Cutgrass - Bulrush Marsh Factsheet. [http://www.naturalheritage.state.pa.us/Community.aspx?=30028] (accessed February 14, 2012)

  • Zimmerman, E. A., T. Davis, M. A. Furedi, B. Eichelberger, J. McPherson, S. Seymour, G. Podniesinski, N. Dewar, and J. Wagner, editors. 2012. Terrestrial and palustrine plant communities of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program, Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Harrisburg. [http://www.naturalheritage.state.pa.us/Communities.aspx]


Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2019.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2019 NatureServe, 2511 Richmond (Jefferson Davis) Highway, Suite 930, Arlington, VA 22202, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2019. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.

Copyright 2019
NatureServe
Version 7.1 (2 February 2009)
Data last updated: March 2019