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Pinus taeda - Quercus laurifolia - Chamaecyparis thyoides - (Quercus virginiana) / Vaccinium elliottii Riparian Forest
Translated Name: Loblolly Pine - Laurel Oak - Atlantic White-cedar - (Live Oak) / Elliott's Blueberry Riparian Forest
Common Name: Atlantic Coastal Plain Loblolly Pine - Oak - Atlantic White-cedar Blackwater Stream Forest
Unique Identifier: CEGL007548
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: These forests occur along sandy blackwater streams, and on low, sandy terraces and levees, on the Atlantic Coastal Plain of North and South Carolina. The canopy is dominated by Pinus taeda, Quercus laurifolia, and Chamaecyparis thyoides. The canopy of some stands will contain Quercus virginiana. Other canopy species that may be present include Quercus lyrata, Quercus phellos, Quercus nigra, Acer rubrum, Pinus taeda, and Liquidambar styraciflua. The understory may contain Acer rubrum, Persea palustris, Ilex opaca, and Magnolia virginiana. The often dense shrub layer may contain Itea virginica, Cyrilla racemiflora, Clethra alnifolia, and Vaccinium elliottii among other species. Arundinaria gigantea is also common in these forests.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Moderate
Classification Comments: Examples of this association occur along the Waccamaw River in North Carolina.

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 1 - Forest & Woodland
Subclass 1.B - Temperate & Boreal Forest & Woodland
Formation 1.B.3 - Temperate Flooded & Swamp Forest
Division 1.B.3.Nb - Southeastern North American Flooded & Swamp Forest
Macrogroup Southern Coastal Plain Floodplain Forest
Group Oak - Sweetgum Floodplain Forest
Alliance Coastal Plain Oak - Loblolly Pine Riparian Forest

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL004736 Pinus taeda - Quercus laurifolia / Vaccinium elliottii - Arundinaria gigantea Riparian Forest
CEGL008556 Pinus elliottii - Quercus nigra - Chamaecyparis thyoides / Cyrilla racemiflora - Vaccinium spp. Swamp Forest



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
North Carolina Blackwater Bottomland Hardwoods (Evergreen Subtype) Equivalent Certain Schafale 2012


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Blackwater Bottomland Hardwoods (Evergreen Subtype)
Relationship: = - Equivalent
Reference: Schafale, M. 2000. Fourth approximation guide. Coastal Plain. January 2000 draft. North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.
Related Concept Name: Coastal Plain Bottomland Hardwoods (Blackwater Subtype)
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.
Related Concept Name: Willow Oak - Water Oak - Diamondleaf (Laurel) Oak: 88
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES203.249 Atlantic Coastal Plain Small Blackwater River Floodplain Forest


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G2? (15Aug1997)
Rounded Global Status: G2 - Imperiled

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: NC, SC
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: These forests occur in the Atlantic Coastal Plain of North and South Carolina.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Atlantic Coastal Flatwoods Section
Section Code: 232C Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: The canopy is dominated by Pinus taeda, Quercus laurifolia, and Chamaecyparis thyoides. The canopy of some stands will contain Quercus virginiana. Other canopy species that may be present include Quercus lyrata, Quercus phellos, Quercus nigra, Acer rubrum, Pinus taeda, and Liquidambar styraciflua. The understory may contain Acer rubrum, Persea palustris, Ilex opaca, and Magnolia virginiana. The often dense shrub layer may contain Itea virginica, Cyrilla racemiflora, Clethra alnifolia, and Vaccinium elliottii among other species. Arundinaria gigantea is also common in these forests.


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y
Environmental Summary: These forests occur along sandy blackwater streams and on low, sandy terraces and levees in the Atlantic Coastal Plain of North and South Carolina.


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): Southeastern Ecology Group
Element Description Edition Date: 26Nov1997
Element Description Author(s): Southeastern Ecology Group
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 15Aug1997

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

  • Schafale, M. 2000. Fourth approximation guide. Coastal Plain. January 2000 draft. North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.

  • Schafale, M. P. 2012. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina, 4th Approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.

  • Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.

  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.


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