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Pinus serotina / Zenobia pulverulenta - Cyrilla racemiflora - Lyonia lucida Wooded Wet Shrubland
Translated Name: Pond Pine / Honeycup - Swamp Titi - Shining Fetterbush Wooded Wet Shrubland
Common Name: Deciduous High Pocosin
Unique Identifier: CEGL004458
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: Deciduous high pocosin (actually mixed, but with a large and sometimes dominant component of deciduous shrubs). Stands are characterized by scattered Pinus serotina over dense deciduous and evergreen shrubs. Dominant shrubs include Zenobia pulverulenta, Cyrilla racemiflora, and Lyonia lucida. Kalmia cuneata is often present and sometimes abundant.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Moderate
Classification Comments: The deciduous component is typically the major portion of the shrub cover. The association is placed in a mixed evergreen-deciduous formation because the shrubs are both deciduous and evergreen.

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 2 - Shrub & Herb Vegetation
Subclass 2.C - Shrub & Herb Wetland
Formation 2.C.2 - Temperate to Polar Bog & Fen
Division 2.C.2.Nb - Atlantic & Gulf Coastal Plain Pocosin
Macrogroup Southeastern Coastal Bog & Fen
Group Southeastern Coastal Pocosin & Shrub Bog
Alliance Honeycup - Shining Fetterbush Shrub Pocosin

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL003846 Pinus serotina / Lyonia lucida - Ilex glabra - (Cyrilla racemiflora) Wet Shrubland



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
North Carolina High Pocosin (Deciduous Subtype) Equivalent Certain Schafale 2012


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: High Pocosin
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.
Related Concept Name: High Pocosin (Deciduous Subtype)
Relationship: = - Equivalent
Reference: Schafale, M. 2000. Fourth approximation guide. Coastal Plain. January 2000 draft. North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.
Related Concept Name: Pond Pine: 98
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES203.267 Atlantic Coastal Plain Peatland Pocosin and Canebrake


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G2? (31Dec1997)
Rounded Global Status: G2 - Imperiled
Reasons: This pond pine / honeycups - titi - shining fetterbush wooded shrubland association is restricted in range and highly specific in habitat preference. It is restricted to the outer Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain of North and South Carolina. In this Deciduous High Pocosin, Kalmia cuneata is often present and sometimes abundant. Most of the presettlement acreage has become degraded because of fire exclusion or has been drained and cleared for agriculture. Remaining examples are highly threatened by development, conversion, and alteration of fire regimes. Most of those occurrences which have not been destroyed are severely degraded.

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: NC, SC
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: This association is restricted to the outer Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain of North and South Carolina.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Atlantic Coastal Flatwoods Section
Section Code: 232C Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: Stands are characterized by scattered Pinus serotina over dense deciduous and evergreen shrubs. Dominant shrubs include Zenobia pulverulenta, Cyrilla racemiflora, and Lyonia lucida. Kalmia cuneata is often present and sometimes abundant.

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Pinus serotina G2 Needle-leaved tree Tree canopy  
 
 
Cyrilla racemiflora G2 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Tall shrub/sapling  
 
 
Lyonia lucida G2 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Tall shrub/sapling  
 
 
Zenobia pulverulenta G2 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Tall shrub/sapling  
 
 
Kalmia cuneata G2 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Short shrub/sapling      
 
 


At-Risk Species Reported for this Association
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
NatureServe Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status
Kalmia cuneata
  (White-wicky)
G3  


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): M.P. Schafale and A.S. Weakley
Element Description Edition Date: 01Jul1996
Element Description Author(s): M.P. Schafale and A.S. Weakley
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 31Dec1997
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author(s): Southeastern Ecology Group

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.

  • Schafale, M. 2000. Fourth approximation guide. Coastal Plain. January 2000 draft. North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.

  • Schafale, M. P. 2012. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina, 4th Approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.

  • Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.

  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.


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Data last updated: November 2016