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Quercus laurifolia - Quercus lyrata / Carpinus caroliniana - Persea palustris / Vaccinium elliottii Riparian Forest
Translated Name: Laurel Oak - Overcup Oak / American Hornbeam - Swamp Bay / Elliott's Blueberry Riparian Forest
Common Name: Atlantic Coastal Plain Blackwater River Terrace & Ridge Forest
Unique Identifier: CEGL004737
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: This community type covers forests of low blackwater bottomland river terraces and ridges, in the Atlantic Coastal Plain of the Carolinas. This type may have a somewhat longer hydroperiod than other types in this or other temporarily flooded alliances, but it is not seasonally flooded. It is distinguished from some related types by lacking a significant component of levee species. The canopy is dominated by Quercus laurifolia and Quercus lyrata. The subcanopy characteristically contains Carpinus caroliniana and Persea palustris. One prominent shrub is Vaccinium elliottii. Additional floristic information is needed. Stands of this community have a significant component of Quercus lyrata and generally lack a significant component of Pinus taeda.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Moderate

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 1 - Forest & Woodland
Subclass 1.B - Temperate & Boreal Forest & Woodland
Formation 1.B.3 - Temperate Flooded & Swamp Forest
Division 1.B.3.Nb - Southeastern North American Flooded & Swamp Forest
Macrogroup Southern Coastal Plain Floodplain Forest
Group Oak - Sweetgum Floodplain Forest
Alliance Coastal Plain Oak - Loblolly Pine Riparian Forest

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
North Carolina Blackwater Bottomland Hardwoods (Low Subtype) Equivalent Certain Schafale 2012


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Blackwater Bottomland Hardwoods (Low Subtype)
Relationship: = - Equivalent
Reference: Schafale, M. 2000. Fourth approximation guide. Coastal Plain. January 2000 draft. North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.
Related Concept Name: Coastal Plain Bottomland Hardwoods (Blackwater Subtype)
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES203.066 Southern Atlantic Coastal Plain Large River Floodplain Forest
CES203.249 Atlantic Coastal Plain Small Blackwater River Floodplain Forest


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G4? (15Aug1997)
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: NC, SC
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: This community type is apparently restricted to the Atlantic Coastal Plain of the Carolinas. It does not range into Virginia.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Atlantic Coastal Flatwoods Section
Section Code: 232C Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: The canopy of this association is dominated by Quercus laurifolia and Quercus lyrata. The subcanopy characteristically contains Carpinus caroliniana and Persea palustris. One prominent shrub is Vaccinium elliottii. Additional floristic information is needed. Stands of this community have a significant component of Quercus lyrata and generally lack a significant component of Pinus taeda.


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y
Environmental Summary: This community occurs on low blackwater bottomland river terraces and ridges, in the Atlantic Coastal Plain of the Carolinas. This type may have a somewhat longer hydroperiod than other types in this or other temporarily flooded alliances, but it is not seasonally flooded.


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): M.P. Schafale
Element Description Edition Date: 01Jan2013
Element Description Author(s): M.P. Schafale

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • McCrain, G. R., and B. H. Church. 1985. An analysis of past and present plant community patterns in Moores Creek National Battlefield along with associated impacts affecting distribution and restoration. Prepared by Resource Management Co., Raleigh, NC, under Purchase Order Number PX-5550-3-0062 for the USDI, National Park Service, Southeast Regional Office, Atlanta, GA.

  • McManamay, R. H., A. Curtis, and M. W. Byrne. 2012. Vegetation mapping at Moores Creek National Battlefield. Natural Resource Data Series NPS/SECN/NRDS--2012/319. National Park Service, Fort Collins, CO. 173 pp.

  • Schafale, M. 2000. Fourth approximation guide. Coastal Plain. January 2000 draft. North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.

  • Schafale, M. P. 2012. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina, 4th Approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.

  • Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.

  • Schafale, Mike P. Personal communication. Ecologist, North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.

  • Sieren, D. J. 1984. A floristic study of the vascular plants on 11.77 acres of Moores Creek National Battlefield. Prepared under Purchase Order Number PX-5550-3-0062 for the USDI, National Park Service, Southeast Regional Office, Atlanta, GA.

  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.

  • Wharton, C. H., W. M. Kitchens, E. C. Pendleton, and T. W. Sipe. 1982. The ecology of bottomland hardwood swamps of the Southeast: A community profile. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Biological Services. FWS/OBS-81/37. Washington, DC.


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