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Quercus prinus - Quercus stellata - Carya glabra / Vaccinium arboreum - Viburnum rufidulum Forest
Translated Name: Chestnut Oak - Post Oak - Pignut Hickory / Farkleberry - Rusty Blackhaw Forest
Common Name: Piedmont Mafic Xeric Oak Forest
Unique Identifier: CEGL004416
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: This is an oak-hickory forest of the Piedmont which is found on various mafic volcanic substrates, including amphibolite. These forests may occur as a matrix surrounding herbaceous glades. The canopy of stands typically contains Quercus prinus, Carya pallida, Quercus stellata, Quercus marilandica, Carya glabra, and Pinus echinata. The subcanopy may contain Carya pallida, Quercus marilandica, Cercis canadensis, and Cornus florida. Shrubs include Rhus copallinum, Ptelea trifoliata, Viburnum rufidulum, Asimina parviflora, Styrax grandifolius, Vaccinium arboreum, and Vaccinium pallidum. The rare shrub Amorpha schwerinii may be present within its limited range. Some woody vines which may be present include Cocculus carolinus and Vitis rotundifolia. Some typical herbs (all of which may have low cover values) may include Schizachyrium scoparium, Tragia urticifolia, Dichanthelium sp., Piptochaetium avenaceum, Coreopsis major, Tephrosia virginiana, Pityopsis graminifolia, and Solidago odora var. odora. More information is to be found in data (NC Vegetation Survey) from Uwharrie National Forest (North Carolina) and data (NatureServe Ecology - Southeast U.S. unpubl. data) from the Chattahoochee National Forest.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Moderate
Classification Comments: More information is to be found in data (NC Vegetation Survey) from Uwharrie National Forest (North Carolina) and data (NatureServe Ecology - Southeast U.S. unpubl. data) from the Chattahoochee National Forest.

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 1 - Forest & Woodland
Subclass 1.B - Temperate & Boreal Forest & Woodland
Formation 1.B.2 - Cool Temperate Forest & Woodland
Division 1.B.2.Na - Eastern North American Forest & Woodland
Macrogroup Southern & South-Central Oak - Pine Forest & Woodland
Group South-Central Interior Oak Forest & Woodland
Alliance Southern Chestnut Oak Forest

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Mafic Xeric Oak Forest
Relationship: ? - Undetermined
Reference: Schafale, Mike P. Personal communication. Ecologist, North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.
Related Concept Name: Piedmont Monadnock Forest
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES202.339 Southern Piedmont Dry Oak-(Pine) Forest and Woodland


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G2G3 (13Feb2009)
Rounded Global Status: G2 - Imperiled
Reasons: This deciduous forest association is naturally very restricted in range and environmental setting, being restricted to mafic substrates in the Piedmont. Stands are impacted by grazing, timber removal, and conversion to other land uses. Some examples are at least partly and informally protected in USDA Forest Service lands, and some examples are protected on the slopes of Kennesaw and Little Kennesaw mountains in Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park.

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: GA, NC, SCpotentially occurs
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: This community occurs in the Piedmont of Georgia, North Carolina and possibly South Carolina.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Southeastern Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 231 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Southern Appalachian Piedmont Section
Section Code: 231A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: The canopy of stands typically contains Quercus prinus, Carya pallida, Quercus stellata, Quercus marilandica, Carya glabra, and Pinus echinata. The subcanopy may contain Carya pallida, Quercus marilandica, Cercis canadensis, and Cornus florida. Shrubs include Rhus copallinum, Ptelea trifoliata, Viburnum rufidulum, Asimina parviflora, Styrax grandifolius, Vaccinium arboreum, and Vaccinium pallidum. The rare shrub Amorpha schwerinii may be present within its limited range. Some woody vines which may be present include Cocculus carolinus and Vitis rotundifolia. Some typical herbs (all of which may have low cover values) may include Schizachyrium scoparium, Tragia urticifolia, Dichanthelium sp., Piptochaetium avenaceum, Coreopsis major, Tephrosia virginiana, Pityopsis graminifolia, and Solidago odora var. odora.

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Carya glabra G2 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy  
 
 
Quercus prinus G2 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy  
 
 
Quercus stellata G2 Broad-leaved deciduous tree Tree canopy  
 
 
Amorpha schwerinii G2 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)      
 
 
Viburnum rufidulum G2 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Tall shrub/sapling  
 
 
Vaccinium arboreum G2 Broad-leaved evergreen shrub Tall shrub/sapling  
 
 
Pycnanthemum curvipes G2 Flowering forb Herb (field)      
 
 


At-Risk Species Reported for this Association
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
NatureServe Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status
Amorpha schwerinii
  (Schwerin Indigobush)
G3G4  
Pycnanthemum curvipes
  (Stone Mountainmint)
G3  


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: N
Environmental Summary: This Piedmont oak-hickory forest is found on various mafic volcanic substrates, including amphibolite. These forests may occur as a matrix surrounding herbaceous glades.


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): R.K. Peet, mod. A.S. Weakley and M. Pyne
Element Description Edition Date: 31May2001
Element Description Author(s): A.S. Weakley and M. Pyne
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 13Feb2009
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author(s): M. Pyne

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • NatureServe Ecology - Southeastern United States. No date. Unpublished data. NatureServe, Durham, NC.

  • North Carolina Vegetation Survey. No date. Unpublished data.

  • Peet, R. K., T. R. Wentworth, M. P. Schafale, and A.S. Weakley. No date. Unpublished data of the North Carolina Vegetation Survey. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

  • Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.

  • Schafale, Mike P. Personal communication. Ecologist, North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.

  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.


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Data last updated: November 2016