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Typha latifolia Southern Ruderal Marsh
Translated Name: Broadleaf Cattail Southern Ruderal Marsh
Common Name: Southern Ruderal Cattail Marsh
Unique Identifier: CEGL004150
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: This association is a semi-natural type, consisting of Typha latifolia as an essentially monospecific stand, especially in artificial wetlands, such as borrow pits or ponds. The water table is at or above the soil surface for at least part of the growing season. The dominant species, Typha latifolia, often forms dense, almost monotypic stands. Carex spp. and Schoenoplectus spp. (= Scirpus spp.) are often found in this community, especially on the margins. Other co-occurring species of this association are not fully understood. It is a widespread type. In the Interior Low Plateau of Tennessee, Typha latifolia is commonly found with Scirpus cyperinus in roadside ditches and on the margins of ponds and reservoirs.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Low - Poorly Documented
Classification Comments: This community is a common element found in many Southeastern wetland systems, but little work has been done to determine its diagnostic features and component species. The variability of this association across its range and its relation to adjacent types in this and related alliances are not fully understood. At Arnold Air Force Base, Coffee and Franklin counties, Tennessee, this vegetation is found scattered along the border of Woods Reservoir. It appears to be a component of a mosaic of communities which form bands from the edge of the reservoir to the surrounding forest. The band found at the reservoir's edge is dominated by Typha latifolia and Scirpus cyperinus. Juncus sp., grasses, and an occasional Alnus serrulata are also present. The Typha latifolia grows patchily, being concentrated in dense clumps throughout the outer band.

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 2 - Shrub & Herb Vegetation
Subclass 2.C - Shrub & Herb Wetland
Formation 2.C.4 - Temperate to Polar Freshwater Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Division 2.C.4.Nd - Eastern North American Temperate & Boreal Freshwater Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Macrogroup Eastern North American Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Group Eastern North American Freshwater Marsh
Alliance Cattail - Bulrush Mixed Deep Marsh

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL002010 Typha (latifolia, angustifolia) Western Marsh
CEGL002032 Typha (angustifolia, domingensis, latifolia) - Schoenoplectus americanus Marsh
CEGL002229 Typha spp. - Schoenoplectus acutus - Mixed Herbs Midwest Marsh
CEGL002389 Typha spp. Great Plains Marsh
CEGL003866 Scirpus cyperinus Southern Ruderal Marsh
CEGL006153 Typha (angustifolia, latifolia) - (Schoenoplectus spp.) Eastern Marsh



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
Alabama Typha latifolia Southern Ruderal Herbaceous Vegetation Equivalent Certain Schotz pers. comm.
Arkansas Cattail Marsh Equivalent   Foti 1994
Oklahoma Typha latifolia herbaceous association Equivalent   Hoagland 2000
Tennessee Typha latifolia Southern Ruderal Herbaceous Vegetation Equivalent Certain TDNH unpubl. data


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: Typha latifolia Southern Herbaceous Vegetation
Relationship: = - Equivalent
Reference: TNC [The Nature Conservancy]. 1998a. An investigation and assessment of the vegetation of Arnold Air Force Base. Coffee and Franklin counties, Tennessee. The Nature Conservancy, Tennessee Field Office, Nashville. 37 pp. plus appendices.
Related Concept Name: IID6a. Natural Impoundment Pond
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Allard, D. J. 1990. Southeastern United States ecological community classification. Interim report, Version 1.2. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Chapel Hill, NC. 96 pp.
Related Concept Name: L5D2aI2a. Typha latifolia
Relationship: ? - Undetermined
Reference: Foti, T., M. Blaney, X. Li, and K. G. Smith. 1994. A classification system for the natural vegetation of Arkansas. Proceedings of the Arkansas Academy of Science 48:50-53.
Related Concept Name: P5A4bII2a. Typha latifolia
Relationship: ? - Undetermined
Reference: Foti, T., M. Blaney, X. Li, and K. G. Smith. 1994. A classification system for the natural vegetation of Arkansas. Proceedings of the Arkansas Academy of Science 48:50-53.

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES202.018 Central Interior Highlands and Appalachian Sinkhole and Depression Pond
CES203.066 Southern Atlantic Coastal Plain Large River Floodplain Forest
CES203.259 Atlantic Coastal Plain Embayed Region Tidal Freshwater Marsh
CES203.488 West Gulf Coastal Plain Large River Floodplain Forest
CES203.489 East Gulf Coastal Plain Large River Floodplain Forest
CES203.558 East Gulf Coastal Plain Depression Pond


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: GNA (20Apr2015)
Rounded Global Status: GNA - Not Applicable
Reasons: This is a wide-ranging type that includes naturally occurring and artificial wetlands.

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: AL, AR, FLpotentially occurs, GA, KY, LA, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: This vegetation is possible throughout the southeastern United States.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Hot Continental Division
Province Name: Eastern Broadleaf Forest (Oceanic) Province
Province Code: 221 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Province Name: Eastern Broadleaf Forest (Continental) Province
Province Code: 222 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Ozark Highlands Section
Section Code: 222A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Upper Gulf Coastal Plain Section
Section Code: 222C Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Interior Low Plateau, Highland Rim Section
Section Code: 222E Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Southeastern Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 231 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Southern Appalachian Piedmont Section
Section Code: 231A Occurrence Status: Possible
Section Name: Eastern Gulf Prairies and Marshes Section
Section Code: 231F Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Arkansas Valley Section
Section Code: 231G Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Atlantic Coastal Flatwoods Section
Section Code: 232C Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Province Name: Lower Mississippi Riverine Forest Province
Province Code: 234 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Mississippi Alluvial Basin Section
Section Code: 234A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Prairie Division
Province Name: Prairie Parkland (Temperate) Province
Province Code: 251 Occurrence Status: Predicted or probable
Province Name: Prairie Parkland (Subtropical) Province
Province Code: 255 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Central Gulf Prairies and Marshes Section
Section Code: 255D Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Hot Continental Regime Mountains
Province Name: Central Appalachian Broadleaf Forest - Coniferous Forest - Meadow Province
Province Code: M221 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Province Name: Ozark Broadleaf Forest - Meadow Province
Province Code: M222 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Boston Mountains Section
Section Code: M222A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Division Name: Subtropical Regime Mountains
Province Name: Ouachita Mixed Forest - Meadow Province
Province Code: M231 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Ouachita Mountains Section
Section Code: M231A Occurrence Status: Confident or certain


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: Stands of this association consist of Typha latifolia as an essentially monospecific stand. Carex spp. and Schoenoplectus spp. (= Scirpus spp.) are often found in this community, especially on the margins. Other co-occurring species of this association are not fully understood. In the Interior Low Plateau of Tennessee, Typha latifolia is commonly found with Scirpus cyperinus. In addition, Juncus effusus and an occasional Alnus serrulata are also present.

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Typha latifolia GNA Graminoid Herb (field)  
 
 


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y
Environmental Summary: This type is found especially in artificial wetlands, such as borrow pits or ponds. The water table is at or above the soil surface for at least part of the growing season.


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): L.M. Smith, A.S. Weakley and J.E. Mohan, mod. K.D. Patterson
Element Description Edition Date: 02Dec1996
Element Description Author(s): L.M. Smith, A.S. Weakley, J.E. Mohan, K.D. Patterson
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 14Jun2001
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author(s): J. Teague

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • Allard, D. J. 1990. Southeastern United States ecological community classification. Interim report, Version 1.2. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Chapel Hill, NC. 96 pp.

  • Blair, W. F., and T. H. Hubbell. 1938. The biotic districts of Oklahoma. The American Midland Naturalist 20:425-454.

  • Foti, T. 1994a. Natural communities of Arkansas (terrestrial and palustrine). Unpublished document. Arkansas Natural Heritage Commission, Little Rock. 2 pp.

  • Foti, T., M. Blaney, X. Li, and K. G. Smith. 1994. A classification system for the natural vegetation of Arkansas. Proceedings of the Arkansas Academy of Science 48:50-53.

  • Foti, T., compiler. 1994b. Natural vegetation classification system of Arkansas, draft five. Unpublished document. Arkansas Natural Heritage Commission, Little Rock. 8 pp.

  • Grace, J. B., and R. G. Wetzel. 1981. Habitat partitioning and competitive displacement in cattail (Typha): Experimental field studies. The American Midland Naturalist 118:463-474.

  • Hoagland, B. 2000. The vegetation of Oklahoma: A classification for landscape mapping and conservation planning. The Southwestern Naturalist 45(4):385-420.

  • McCoy, D. A. 1958. Vascular plants of Pontotoc County, Oklahoma. American Midland Naturalist 59:371-396.

  • Pyne, M., E. Lunsford Jones, and R. White. 2010. Vascular plant inventory and plant community classification for Mammoth Cave National Park. NatureServe, Durham, NC. 334 pp.

  • Salas, D. E., T. Folts-Zettner, R. W. Sanders, and J. Drake. 2010c. Vegetation classification and mapping at Chickasaw National Recreation Area. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/SOPN/NRTR--2010/286. National Park Service, Fort Collins, CO. 176 pp.

  • Schotz, Al. Personal communication. Community Ecologist. Alabama Natural Heritage Program. Huntingdon College, Massey Hall, 1500 East Fairview Avenue, Montgomery, AL 36106-2148.

  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.

  • TDNH [Tennessee Division of Natural Heritage]. No date. Unpublished data. Tennessee Division of Natural Heritage, Nashville, TN.

  • TNC [The Nature Conservancy]. 1998a. An investigation and assessment of the vegetation of Arnold Air Force Base. Coffee and Franklin counties, Tennessee. The Nature Conservancy, Tennessee Field Office, Nashville. 37 pp. plus appendices.

  • White, R. D., Jr., and T. Govus. 2003. Vascular plant inventory and plant community classification for Ninety Six National Historic Site. Prepared for the National Park Service. NatureServe, Durham, NC. 146 pp.


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