NatureServe Explorer logo.An Online Encyclopedia of Life
Search
Ecological Association Comprehensive Report: Record 1 of 1 selected.
See All Search Results    View Glossary
<< Previous | Next >>

Panicum hemitomon - Pluchea (camphorata, rosea) - Ludwigia spp. Marsh
Translated Name: Maidencane - (Camphor Pluchea, Rosy Camphorweed) - Seedbox species Marsh
Common Name: Outer Coastal Plain Maidencane Pond
Unique Identifier: CEGL007792
Classification Approach: International Vegetation Classification (IVC)
Summary: This vegetation represents ponds, or zones of ponds, dominated by Panicum hemitomon and various perennial grasses and forbs in the East Gulf Coastal Plain and adjacent ecoregions. This broadly defined association was described to cover shallow ponds (or shallow zones of variable ponds) of the East Gulf Coastal Plain, including limesink ponds and other types. Pluchea spp. (Pluchea camphorata, Pluchea rosea) are characteristic. Other characteristic species include Saccharum spp., Scirpus cyperinus, Dichanthelium spp., Panicum spp., and Rhynchospora spp. in outer zones of shorter hydroperiod, and shorter-stature graminoids and forbs such as Centella erecta, Ludwigia spp., Xyris spp., Hydrocotyle spp., Eleocharis spp., and Juncus spp. in zones of longer hydroperiod. Some stands may contain Woodwardia virginica.



Classification

Classification Confidence: Low
Classification Comments: Ponds seen on the De Soto National Forest (Jones and Perry counties, Mississippi) have two distinct zones; one (cf. CEGL007792) is dominated by Panicum hemitomon, with other grasses and graminoids such as Saccharum giganteum, Saccharum brevibarbe, Scirpus cyperinus, Dichanthelium scabriusculum, Panicum rigidulum, Leersia sp., and Rhynchospora glomerata; Fuirena breviseta, Ludwigia pilosa, and Pluchea rosea are also found here. A less diverse zone of longer hydroperiod (cf. CEGL004127) is dominated by low graminoids and forbs. Eleocharis robbinsii and Eleocharis melanocarpa may exhibit heavy dominance; Carex glaucescens, Juncus repens, and Proserpinaca pectinata are also typically present. Limesink ponds in the Conecuh National Forest (Alabama) are dominated by Panicum hemitomon, with Polygonum hirsutum, Sagittaria isoetiformis, Centella erecta, Eupatorium capillifolium, Pluchea rosea, Ludwigia peploides, Hypericum fasciculatum?, Ludwigia sp., Xyris sp., Hydrocotyle sp., Eleocharis sp., and Juncus spp. One example of a maidencane pond at Fort Benning, Georgia (L6 Pond, 232Bq), has seasonal codominance by Eleocharis robbinsii and Eleocharis tricostata. It is probably best placed with CEGL004127, but placement between CEGL004127 and CEGL007792 is somewhat problematic because the two associations are not perfectly distinguished from one another.

Vegetation Hierarchy
Class 2 - Shrub & Herb Vegetation
Subclass 2.C - Shrub & Herb Wetland
Formation 2.C.4 - Temperate to Polar Freshwater Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Division 2.C.4.Ne - Atlantic & Gulf Coastal Marsh, Wet Meadow & Shrubland
Macrogroup Atlantic & Gulf Coastal Plain Wet Prairie & Marsh
Group Atlantic & Gulf Coastal Plain Pondshore & Wet Prairie
Alliance Maidencane Pondshore Marsh

This is the revised vegetation hierarchy. For more information see Classification Sources and usnvc.org.

Similar Associations
Unique Identifier Name
CEGL004127 Panicum hemitomon - Eleocharis equisetoides - Rhynchospora inundata Marsh
CEGL004578 Panicum hemitomon - Eriocaulon compressum - Rhynchospora corniculata Marsh



Related Concepts from Other Classifications

Related Subnational Community Units
These data are subject to substantial ongoing revision and may be out of date for some states.
In the U.S., contact the state Heritage Program for the most complete and up-to-date information at: http://www.natureserve.org/natureserve-network.
Information from programs in other jurisdictions will be posted when they are made available.
Subnation Concept Name Relationship to Standard Confidence Reference
Alabama Panicum hemitomon - Pluchea (camphorata, rosea) - Ludwigia spp. Herbaceous Vegetation Equivalent Certain Schotz pers. comm.
Florida Basin Marsh Intersects Certain FNAI 1997
Florida Depression Marsh Intersects   FNAI 1997


Other Related Concepts
Related Concept Name: IIE1f. Coastal Plain Small Depression Pond Complex
Relationship: B - Broader
Reference: Allard, D. J. 1990. Southeastern United States ecological community classification. Interim report, Version 1.2. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Chapel Hill, NC. 96 pp.
Related Concept Name: Limnetic Zone, Limesink Lake
Relationship: ? - Undetermined
Reference: Ambrose, J. 1990a. Georgia's natural communities--A preliminary list. Unpublished document. Georgia Natural Heritage Inventory. 5 pp.
Related Concept Name: Littoral Zone, Limesink Lake
Relationship: ? - Undetermined
Reference: Ambrose, J. 1990a. Georgia's natural communities--A preliminary list. Unpublished document. Georgia Natural Heritage Inventory. 5 pp.

Ecological Systems Placement

Ecological Systems Placement
Ecological System Unique ID Ecological System Name
CES203.044 Southeastern Coastal Plain Natural Lakeshore
CES203.558 East Gulf Coastal Plain Depression Pond
CES203.890 Central Florida Herbaceous Pondshore


NatureServe Conservation Status
Global Status: G3 (15Oct2002)
Rounded Global Status: G3 - Vulnerable
Reasons: This seasonally flooded herbaceous association is found in the emergent zones of ponds in the southern Coastal Plain. It is restricted in distribution and extent. The total number of occurrences is not known. Many examples have been altered or destroyed, for example converted to farm ponds or affected by erosion from adjoining agricultural lands. Only a few extensive, high-quality examples remain. Remaining unprotected examples are vulnerable to damage from off-road vehicles, local hydrologic changes (ditching and draining), and land-use change (including residential development and shore conversion). Many examples have been degraded, converted, or destroyed. Some examples are in areas of extensive human population growth, and the best hope for conservation is on public lands (e.g., military bases).

Distribution
Color legend for Distribution Map
United States Distribution: AL, FL, GA, LApotentially occurs, MS
Global Distribution: United States
Global Range: This vegetation is found in the East Gulf Coastal Plain and adjacent ecoregions from Mississippi to Georgia.

U.S. Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name: Humid Temperate Domain
Division Name: Subtropical Division
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232 Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Coastal Plains and Flatwoods, Lower Section
Section Code: 232B Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Atlantic Coastal Flatwoods Section
Section Code: 232C Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Florida Coastal Lowlands (Western) Section
Section Code: 232D Occurrence Status: Predicted or probable


Vegetation

Vegetation Summary: Stands of this vegetation are dominated by Panicum hemitomon and various perennial grasses and forbs. Pluchea spp. (Pluchea camphorata, Pluchea rosea) are characteristic. Other characteristic species include Saccharum spp., Scirpus cyperinus, Dichanthelium spp., Panicum spp., and Rhynchospora spp. in outer zones of shorter hydroperiod, and shorter-stature graminoids and forbs such as Centella erecta, Ludwigia spp., Xyris spp., Hydrocotyle spp., Eleocharis spp., and Juncus spp. in zones of longer hydroperiod. Ponds seen on the De Soto National Forest (Jones and Perry counties, Mississippi) have two distinct zones; one (cf. CEGL007792) is dominated by Panicum hemitomon with other grasses and graminoids such as Saccharum giganteum, Saccharum brevibarbe, Scirpus cyperinus, Dichanthelium scabriusculum, Panicum rigidulum, Leersia sp., and Rhynchospora glomerata. In addition, Fuirena breviseta, Ludwigia pilosa, and Pluchea rosea are also found there. A less diverse zone of longer hydroperiod (cf. CEGL004127) is dominated by low graminoids and forbs. Eleocharis robbinsii and Eleocharis melanocarpa may exhibit heavy dominance; Carex glaucescens, Juncus repens, and Proserpinaca pectinata are also typically present. Limesink ponds in the Conecuh National Forest (Alabama) are dominated by Panicum hemitomon with Polygonum hirsutum, Sagittaria isoetiformis, Centella erecta, Eupatorium capillifolium, Pluchea rosea, Ludwigia peploides, Hypericum fasciculatum?, Ludwigia sp., Xyris sp., Hydrocotyle sp., Eleocharis sp., and Juncus spp. Ponds on the Osceola National Forest (Florida) contain Panicum hemitomon, Andropogon glaucopsis, Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus, Eupatorium capillifolium, Pluchea rosea, Eleocharis, sp. Bidens mitis, Cyperus lecontei, Ludwigia maritima, Polypremum procumbens, Xyris jupicai, Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum (= Aster vimineus), Senna obtusifolia, Centella erecta, Hydrocotyle umbellata, Lycopus rubellus, and Mikania scandens. Some stands on the Ocala and Osceola national forests which are apparently less diverse may contain Woodwardia virginica and various woody plants (e.g., Cephalanthus occidentalis, Litsea aestivalis, Hypericum fasciculatum, Hypericum tetrapetalum, Leucothoe racemosa, and Lyonia lucida.

Vegetation Composition (incomplete)
Species Name Rounded Global Status Growth Form Stratum Charact-
eristic
Dominant Constant
Cover Class %
Con-
stancy
%
Litsea aestivalis G3 Broad-leaved deciduous shrub Shrub/sapling (tall & short)      
 
 
Pluchea camphorata G3 Flowering forb Herb (field)    
 
 
Pluchea rosea G3 Flowering forb Herb (field)    
 
 
Panicum hemitomon G3 Graminoid Herb (field)  
 
 


At-Risk Species Reported for this Association
Scientific Name
  (Common Name)
NatureServe Global Status U.S. Endangered Species Act Status
Litsea aestivalis
  (Pondspice)
G3?  


Environmental Setting

Wetland Indicator: Y
Environmental Summary: This vegetation represents ponds, or zones of ponds, dominated by Panicum hemitomon and various perennial grasses and forbs in the East Gulf Coastal Plain and adjacent ecoregions. This broadly defined association was described to cover shallow ponds of the East Gulf Coastal Plain, including limesink ponds and other types. Some stands on the Ocala and Osceola national forests may contain Woodwardia virginica and various woody plants. These ponds may be peatier or shadier than some other examples.


Dynamic Processes


Plot Sampling & Classification Analysis

Plots stored in VegBank


Authors/Contributors
Concept Author(s): M. Pyne
Element Description Edition Date: 21May2002
Element Description Author(s): M. Pyne
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 19Aug2002
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author(s): M. Pyne

Ecological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).


References
  • ALNHP [Alabama Natural Heritage Program]. 2002. Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge: Natural community and rare plant survey. Alabama Natural Heritage Program, The Nature Conservancy, Montgomery.

  • Allard, D. J. 1990. Southeastern United States ecological community classification. Interim report, Version 1.2. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Chapel Hill, NC. 96 pp.

  • Allard, D. J., K. M. Doyle, S. J. Landaal, and R. S. Martin. 1990. Community characterization abstracts for the southeastern United States. Unpublished manuscript. The Nature Conservancy, Southern Heritage Task Force, Chapel Hill, NC.

  • Ambrose, J. 1990a. Georgia's natural communities--A preliminary list. Unpublished document. Georgia Natural Heritage Inventory. 5 pp.

  • FNAI [Florida Natural Areas Inventory]. 1992a. Natural communities. Unpublished document. The Nature Conservancy, Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee. 6 pp.

  • FNAI [Florida Natural Areas Inventory]. 2010a. Guide to the natural communities of Florida: 2010 edition. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL.

  • Hillestad, H. O., J. R. Bozeman, A. S. Johnson, C. W. Berisford, and J. I. Richardson. 1975. The ecology of the Cumberland Island National Seashore, Camden County, Georgia. Technical Report Series No. 75-5. Georgia Marine Sciences Center, Skidway Island, GA.

  • NatureServe Ecology - Southeastern United States. No date. Unpublished data. NatureServe, Durham, NC.

  • Schotz, Al. Personal communication. Community Ecologist. Alabama Natural Heritage Program. Huntingdon College, Massey Hall, 1500 East Fairview Avenue, Montgomery, AL 36106-2148.

  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.


Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of November 2016.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2017 NatureServe, 4600 N. Fairfax Dr., 7th Floor, Arlington Virginia 22203, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2017. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.

Copyright 2017
NatureServe
Version 7.1 (2 February 2009)
Data last updated: November 2016